Five days later from Europe.
the trial and Acquittal of Curran — Ecclesiastical affairs in Italy — the Cotton question in Italy — recognition of Italy by Belgium, &c.
arrival of the Nova Scotian.
Government, and that no semi-official journals exist in France. The Paris Pays believes that the negotiations for the transfer of silver by the Prussian Bank to the Bank of France are indefinitely postponed. The Bourse, on the 30th, was firm and higher.
Nola had made propositions to surrender.
Duke of Magenta, in honor of the coronation at Berlin, on the 30th. The occasion was one of great magnificence. The King and Queen attended.
General Lambert's departure from Warsaw was not on account of ill health, but in consequence of a summons to St. Petersburg, to report on the affairs of Poland.
Motenegrina had fired some Turks' residences. Ragusa inhabitants has fled for refuge. Accounts from Turkey state that the question of the cotton capacities of that country is being agitated again, and say also that the investigations are favorable.
Brazil steamer via Lisbon, report that I rquiza had been defeated, with a loss of artillery wagons and 600 prisoners. Gen. Midial was preparing to attack Rosa. Rio Janeiro and Cape of Good Hope mails had reached Plymouth. The slave trade was brisk on the East coast. Business at the Cape was considerably improved. The clip of wool promised to be one of the best ever known. Intelligence from Doctors Livingstone and McKenzie, to the 15th of May, had been received. A terrible massacre had occurred in Norman's Land.
The latest news.It was rumored that Krell, with all his forces, was about to re-enter the Transkran Territory. The London money market was extremely easy, but the directions of the Bank of England, at the weekly meeting on the 31st, adjourned without reducing the minimum rate of discount. Funds were firmer and advancing. The Paris Potric says that the Convention relative to Mexico will be announced to the American Government, with an invitation to join in the expedition. The same journal says that one object of the expedition is to constitute a strong Government for Mexico. Two first class British men-of-war are ordered to be ready forthwith. The American Consulate, at Messina, reports the presence there of an American three masted schooner, supposed, on good authority, to be a rebel privateer. T. B. Forward, of Liverpool, had memorialized Earl Russell to seek redress for the arrest and police surveillance of his son on reaching New York. The Duke of Argyle, in a speech, had taken decided grounds against any interference whatever in American affairs. The English Board of Trade returns for September exhibit a continued decrease in exports. Queen Victoria would shortly visit the Duke of Newcastle at Clumber. It is stated that a pamphlet had appeared in Paris calling on the American government to take military precautions against French invasion. It was rumored, but denied, that France had made overtures to Austria for the session of Venetia. A Brussels dispatch to Turin announces the recognition of the Kingdom of Italy by Belgium. The basis of the treaty between Spain and Morocco, for the settlement of the war indemnity, had been finally arranged. The Austrian Government had resolved to re-establish a Hungary in Administration, which will carry out Government intentions in every way. The United States steamer Saginaw was at Japan.
European View.The London Times publishes a long letter from Hon. Theodore S. Fay, American Minister to Switzerland, which is mainly devoted to a refutation of Earl Russell's late speech at Newcastle, in which he (Earl Russell) asserted that one side in America was striving for empire, and the other for independence or power Mr. Fay protests in the strongest terms against Lord Russell's reasonings, and complains in general terms against the sympathy accorded to the rebels by the English and continental journals. The London Times editorially criticises Mr. Fay's letter, and says that although it carries American prolixity to the farthest point, it is not to be compared to the absurd and peevish utterances of Cassius M. Clay and other of Lincoln's diplomatists. The London Times, after arguing the question of slavery in its relation to the existing contest, asserts that the recognition of the Confederate States and peaceable separation will accomplish everything which the Northern anti-slavery party has been advocating for years. The London Times says: ‘ "For our own part, we, as Englishmen, shall be glad to see the establishment of the Confederate States, simply because the political power of the slave-owners will be so much less than of yore. Formerly, every filibuster had the whole American Union at his back, and he knew it. The case will be different when the country, which sends him out is only a kind of Anglo Saxon Brazil, easily curbed in its ambitious propensities. If the old Union had lasted, the extension of slavery over Mexico would have been certain after a few years. Now, however, the South will find a rival determined to prevent her aggrandizement. The cause of justice and civilization will gain by the quarrel of these partners in guilt. These are some of the reasons which have influenced Europeans in their judgment of American affairs. They seem to be so cogent that they have never been answered hitherto, and Mr. Fay does not attempt them. Until we hear some better argument than his, we shall remain without any desire for the reconstruction of the Republic, which was so completely founded on principles of slavery, as is the Government of the Confederate States, and which was moreover able to propagate slavery by aggressions it which the Confederate States alone can never venture." ’ At a conservative demonstration at Worcester Earl Shrewsbury, in allusion to American affairs, said they saw democracy on its trial and how it failed. He thought separation inevitable, and predicted the ultimate establishment of some sort of aristocracy it American. Sir John Pakington at the same meeting pointed to the failure of democracy in American as a warning to England, and expresses the conviction that a reunion of the States was hopeless. He wished the great Powers would remonstrate against the continuance of the war, and, while approving of England's neutrality, he regretted that Earl Russell, in his recent speech had not in more decided language expressed the views of England. The Paris correspondent of the Independent Belge professes to have learned from reliable quarters that the projected intervention in Mexico is conceived with ulterior views. The time must come when the cotton blockade can be no longer tolerated, and the furthermost period allotted for the game now on foot, by the North and South to be played is fixed for January next. If, at that date, the Southern States hold their own their claim to joint recognition by France and England will assume such urgency that decision must ensue. These assertions are regarded in England as utterly untrue. The short time movement in Loncastershire continued to make progress. The mills in various parts were reducing their time to three days per week, and in numerous in stances an entire suspension was taking place.
The expedition against Mexico.Six companies of the First Regiment of Marines had been selected to form part of the expedition to Mexico. The frigate Laguerriere had received final instructions, and would said for Mexico about the 4th of November.
Admiral Sir Alexander Milne, K. C. B., in his ship the Nile, may be expected here from Halifax in the last week of the ensuing month. The A miral will be accompanied by a large fleet of British vessels and several French vessels of war. A man-of war may be expected with a middle month mail from Halifax, and it is probable she will bring further notice relative to the Admiral's movements. The squadron is subsequently destined for Mexico, in company with a French and Danish fleet. The following ships-of-war, English and French, were at Halifax on the 17th inst., English--Nile, 29, (flag ship,) Capt. Barnard; St. George, 86, Capt. Hon. F. Egerton; Mersey, 40, Capt. Caldwell, C. B., Ariadne, 26, Capt. Vansittart; Jason, 21, Captain Von Donop; Diadem, 32. Capt. Cockburn; Immortalite, 51, Capt. Hancock; Nimble, 5, Lieut Com. D' Arcy; Racer, 11, Commander Lyons; Rinaldo, 17, Commander Hewitt. French.--Gassendi, Bellone, (flag ship,) Foudre, Prony.