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Southern intelligence.

From Southern journals we collate the following:

The situation at Savannah.

The contents of a private letter, published by the Wilmington Journal, gives some interesting facts concerning the situation at Savannah;

Fort Pulaski, on Cockspur Island, at the mouth of the Savannah river, is a strong casemated work, which, it is believed, the enemy can neither pass, take, nor starve out. All large vessels must come under its guns.

The whole space between the city and the ocean is cut up and intersected by rivers, creeks, cuts, and openings. How many of these have been obstructed, and how, is not for us to say.

Wall's Cut is an opening from Port Royal into the Savannah river, with some 7 or 8 feet depth at high water. This out opens into the Savannah river about six miles above Fort Pulaski, and of course out of the range of its guns. Into this cut the enemy's light gunboats had come, and were trying to force their way into the Savannah river, but had not succeeded at the latest dates.

On the Georgia side of the river the Lincolnites have availed themselves of two openings known as Wilmington Creek and Freeborn's Out, connecting Warsaw Sound with Augustine creek or river, and from thence with savannah river. These two openings run for some distance through the marsh, quite near to the main river — say, within half a mile, and this at a point opposite Wall's Cut, and about two miles from it. It was between these vessels in the cuts, on both sides the Savannah river, that Tatuall's fleet had to pass on their way to Fort Pulaski on Tuesday of last week, and received a heavy fire from the vessels on both sides.

Of the nature of the precautions taken to prevent the enemy's vessels getting from these cut into the main river, we cannot speak. By the time they get in, they will find means of resistance which their small craft will not be able to overcome.

‘"Skidaway"’ is a large island lying parallel with the main; is about twelve miles from the city, and is connected with the mainland by bridges. This point attracts much attention recently, as there is a heavy draft of water there, and from eight to twenty vessels, some armed, and some large steamers filled with troops have been there for the last ten days or two weeks. This is regarded as a point where the enemy might attempt a landing, with the view of trying to reach the city by land. Attempting is not always doing.

Negro stealing.

A Tennessee correspondent says:

‘ A Confederate officer from Camp Beauregard, now in this city, informs us that Gen. Grant's division, in its retreat from Fort Henry to Paducah, stole 300 slaves on the route, and took them to Paducah! At Mayfield they uniformed and armed 150 negro men, and placed them in their ranks as Federal soldiers.

Gen. Bonham's resignation.

The Charleston Mercury, of February 1st, says:

‘ We learn from Richmond that Gen. Bonham has resigned his office as General of the Confederate States. The reason of his resignation we understand to be as follows:

Gen. Bonham was Major General of the forces of South Carolina when he received an appointment of Brigadier General of the Confederate States, and was ordered to Richmond. He was appointed a Brigadier General of no particular regiments formed into a brigade. Indeed, there were no regiments in the Confederate service at all in South Carolina when he was appointed. He went on to Richmond, however, with Col. Gregg's regiment of infantry, sent on by the Governor of South Carolina. This regiment was put under his command; and then came Col. Kershaw's, then Bacon's, then Cash's, and other regiments from South Carolina, which, as they came, were, without discrimination, put under his command. Colonel Gregg's regiment being enlisted for six months only, was disbanded by the expiration of its term of service, before the battle of Manassas, whilst there were four other regiments under General Bonham. Gen. Bonham remained in command of the four other regiments, and commanded them at the battle of Manassas. He remained in command of them as his brigade until October. At that time he was informed by the Executive that his existence, as an officer in the Confederate States, had expired when Col. Gregg's regiment was disbanded, on the ground that his brigade consisted of but two regiments--Col. Gregg's and Col. Kershaw's — and Col. Greeg's going home, his command and his office were dissolved. The Confederate Government then tendered him a new commission coeval with the departure of Gregg's regiment, of the 14th of July. His first appointment was of the 20th April, and put him at the head of the brigadier-Generals-- the oldest in the service. The second, of the 14th July, put a dozen Brigadier-Generals above him — among them Gen, David Jones, who is closely connected by marriage with the President. Strangely it happens that Gen. Walker, of Georgia, was superseded by Col. Taylor, another near connection. Gen. Bonham consulted all the general officers in the Army of the Potomac, and they all agreed with him that such treatment of him was a wrong and an outrage.

’ The following letter from Gen. Bonham on this subject has been published:

Near Centreville, Nov. 12, 1861.
Hon. J. P. Benjamin, Acting Secretary of War:

I have not expressed myself happily if I have conveyed to your mind the idea that I maintain you can date the commission you now tender me so as to make ‘"one commission overlap the other."’ I should more correctly express myself to say that if the law is such as the President construes it, viz: such as to cause my commission to expire when Col. Gregg's six months regiment went out of service, and such as to admit of your giving me on the 21st of October a commission conferring rank from the 14th of July, I do not perceive why the commission should not be such as to prevent ‘"loss of the rank,"’ or ‘"as to give the rank first assigned me"’

I do not comprehend how my commission of the 20th of April last is not operative; but, desirous of remaining with my brigade, as the enemy is so near in our front, and may advance at any moment, I accept the commission now tendered. I desire, however, at the same time, respectfully to state that I shall ask leave to resign it as soon as so nothing decisive shall take place, or we shall go into winter quarters.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
M. L. Bonnam,
Brig. Gen., 1st Brigade, 1st Corps.
Army of the Potomac.

General Crittenden's position.

The Knoxville Register, says that General Crittenden now has his headquarters at Gainesboro', on the Cumberland river From a member of Gen. Carroll's brigade, who left there on Tuesday night last, we learn that the force there is perfectly organized, the camp in good order, and in the receipt of ample supplies. The enemy have not crossed the river at Mill Springs, with the exception of small parties of skirmishers. They seem to be deterred by a well founded dread of a flank movement by our forces.

Southern arms.

The Fayetteville (N. C.) Armory is turning out some highly finished fire-arms at this time. The Observer notices a splendid rifle lately manufactured at these works.--It is much the same, in general appearance, as the U. S. rifle for some years past; made at Harper's Ferry, and at Spring field, Mass.; but for certain improvements, in the matter of sword-bayonet, Maynard primer, and perfection of finish in all parts, it must be pronounced very far superior. The back-sights are set for 300 and 400 yards.

Gen. Geo. B. Crittenden.

The New Orleans Bulletin says:

‘ We have not given circulation to the story about the alleged treachery of Gen. George B. Crittenden, for the reason that we doubted its truth. If he had not been in favor of the South in this struggle for independence, would he have separated from his father and his brother and joined his destiny with that of the Confederate States? Would he have done so merely to have a chance to betray his trust, and thus link his name to everlasting infamy? We cannot think so, and we must set down the rumor which found its way into print about him, and his alleged arrest, as a slander — a duck story, gotten up for some sinister purpose. Let us condemn no man unheard, or hastily.

’ On this subject, the Nashville Union and American says:

‘ We have received a private letter from an officer of high rank, and a high-toned, honorable gentleman, which fully sustains and confirms all that is said in vindication of Maj. Gen. Crittenden, against the imputations that have been just upon him by the females that have in the community to his operation This letters

the night before the battle, and that it was unanimously resolved to attack the enemy the next morning. The information upon which this decision was reached, came from Gen. Zollicoffer's spies, who, it is now known, deceived that noble-hearted and chivalrous officer, as to the number of the enemy. The attack was made in the manner and order as stated by Captain Sheliha.

The Romans and the Yankees.

Dr. Johnson observed, of the ancient Romans, that, ‘"When poor, they robbed others, and when rich, themselves."’ What was true of the Romans, is about to be realized of our Yankee neighbors. When poor, they robbed us. From being the most sterile and in hospitable portion of the United States, they became the wealthiest and most prosperous. But there is this difference between the Yankee and the Roman: The Roman was no hypocrite. With his sword in hand, he said, ‘"sic volo, sic jubco."’ He was a brave, frank robber; but our Yankee brethren began their robbery with lies — they continued it with lies, and they have ended it with lies.--Charleston Mercury.

Salt making.

More than a hundred men are now engaged in South Carolina making salt. The Legislature of the State recently appropriated $100,000, in order to encourage the manufacture. It is stated, also, that immense quantities of pork have been salted and packed away.

The twenty-second of February.

The New Orleans Bulletin says:

‘ Every attempt of the enemy to move towards Richmond, for the present at least, seems to have been abandoned. He knows it could result only in disaster to himself. But the Twenty-Second draws , and he knows that if the Confederates receive no check before that day, and the permanent Government of the Confederate States be then regularly inaugurated, the moral power of that event will wither his hopes and paralyze his arms. He cannot help knowing that it will be the turning point as to the question of foreign recognition, provided that point has not already been passed.

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