Affairs in the South and West.The army correspondent of the Savannah Republican, in a letter dated Memphis,March 10th, says: The Southwest is now one vast camp, and the tread of armed legions may be heard throughout the length and breadth of the great Valley of the Mississippi. Every town and hamlet is responding to the call of the victorious Beauregard, and if arms and ammunition were to be had in the same abundance as volunteers, the advance of the invader would be stayed. We hope to be able to arrest his footsteps any way, and to teach him that his further progress can only be accomplished at a cost of rivers of blood.--Never were a people more aroused and resolute than those who live in this magnificent valley. They are not only turning out nearly their whole fighting population, but their private arms also. The writer gives the following unpleasant picture of things in Memphis. Memphis, just now, is overrun by gamblers, garroters and murderers — the foul birds of prey who follow in the wake of an army. An old man, a cigar dealer, doing business in one of the most public streets of the city, was strangled last night, during a thunder storm, and robbed of about $15,000 in specie, the hard earnings of a life of labor and economy. His dead body was not discovered until this morning. Not a day or night passes that some one is not dirked, knocked down, or fobbed. In a single street, it is reported there are no less than fourteen gambling hells.
The enemy in East Tennessee.The Atlanta Confederacy, of the 17th, says: Reliable information was received at this place last evening, that the Federal from Kentucky had come into and occupied Jacksboro, Campbell county, East Tennessee--within forty miles of Knoxville, This is supposed to be only a feint, as it is not believed they have sufficient forces at their back to penetrate the country any further, or even to hold the place if attacked. Their main point of attack is near upon Corinth or New Madrid, and this occupation of Jacksboro is most likely intended to divert our attention. We learn that the most deplorable state of affairs exists in the border counties of East Tennessee adjoining Kentucky. The poor, ignorant Union men are made to believe that Gov. Harris is going to force them into the Confederate army, and they are leaving home by scores and hundreds and going into Kentucky--most of them joining the Lincoln army. Many of them are also committing the most outrageous depredations on the true Southern men in those border counties, who in turn are fleeing from their homes and property and coming further South. By these two influences some sections are deserted and ravaged by the hands of despoilers. The same paper expresses the belief that the Federal are aiming an attack upon our lines at some point between Tuscumbia, Ala, and Corinth, Miss., for the purpose of securing the Memphis and Charleston railroad, and cutting off communication between Memphis and Atlanta. The indications are that this attack will be made at Corinth, by a Federal force from Hamburg, on the Tennessee river, or on the road near the Alabama line, from Eastport.
Rumored Disaffection.The Savannah Republican publishes the following extract from a private letter, dated Warsaw, Ala., March 3d, but expresses doubts of its truth: The North Alabamians, as I learn, have turned traitors. They are sending off our troops, and say they will have nothing to do with the war, and are selling their cotton to the Yankees at 20 cents. The Yankees tell them to send to New York for whatever they want. This makes it very bad for the cotton planters of the State who are loyal to the Confederate States. On the other hand, we find intelligence of a different sort in the Memphis Appeal, which speaks well for the Tennesseeans: The Federal, we are advised, found but little sympathy in Clarksville upon their arrival at that point. But little communication between the citizens and soldiery had taken place, and the latter were not backward in expressing their disappointment at the public sentiment there found existing.
Troops Hastening to the Scene of action.A Chattanooga correspondent of the Appeal writer, under date of March 12. The country from here to the Mississippi river, along the line of the Memphis and Charleston railroad, is thronged with troops, many of them veterans who have fought upon some of the bloodiest fields of the war. The rumor of the Federal gunboats landing at Eastport, reported in Memphis on Monday, seems to have been an error. They were said, however, to have appeared on the Tennessee, below Savannah, in considerable force--one report enumerated thirty-three gunboats and transports together. The people seemed to be free from panic or extraordinary excitement under the influence of this intelligence.
Andrew Johnson's appointment as military Governor of the State, or rather of Nashville, by the Washington Government. As the traitor has long since been banished from all association with gentlemen, by reason of his infamous and dastardly treason, there is ground for the hope that he has lost cast even among many of his oldest and staunchest friends. Such, at least, will be the case when Buell's army, like that of Curtis in Missouri, is forced to strikes tents and take up its march for Louisville.