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The latest.

The Western mail falled last evening beyond Bristol, and we have consequently no dates from Memphis later than the th. The Southern mail, however, came through, and we are enabled to lay before our readers some further news:

The battle of Shilgh.

The special army correspondent of the Savannah Republican telegraphs the condition of affairs about Corinth up to Thursday last:

Corinth, April 7--At the date of my last dispatch yesterday evening, the enemy were in full retreat. We drove them back to the river, where their river works, gunboats and darkness stopped the pursuit. The battle was hot and furious, and lasted twelve hours. --The Confederates occupied the enemy's encampment last night.

This morning, the enemy rallied and resumed the fighting, having received reinforcements to the number of 7,000 from Crumps Landing. They fought bravely, but the Confederates repulsed them twice. About 10 o'clock further large reinforcements were brought up by General Buell. The fighting now became desperate along our whole line. The battle is still raging, with varied fortune, and even more furiously than yesterday.

We took 2,000 prisoners yesterday, who are now at Corinth. To-day we captured several batteries and lost some. It is impossible in the road and confusion of battle to give particulars.

General Beauregard is in command of the Confederate army, assisted by Generals Polk, Bragg, Hardee, Breckinridge, and others. General Cheatham, Bowen, and Clarke, are slightly wounded. The loss is very heavy on both sides.

Shiloh, April 7--9 P.M. --The battle has raged all day, and night alone put a suspension to the strife. The fight was more obstinate and furious than that of yesterday, and the loss on both sides is very heavy.

The enemy were heavily reinforced through out the day. Seeing this, General Beauregard withdrew his troops back of the Federal encampment. The enemy followed up, when the battle was renewed and continued until night, each side maintaining its position. The Confederates fought for two whole days without any assistance whatever, whilst the enemy was constantly reinforced with fresh troops.

Shiloh, April 8.--Both sides are too badly worsted to renew the fight this morning. The enemy fell back last night, and to- day we are returning to our former lines. The Confederates are confident and in fine spirits.

Corinth, April 10. --Immediately after the battle Gen. Beauregard sent a flag of truce to Gen. Grant concerning the burial of their dead. Gen. Grant replied yesterday that, because of the warm weather, he had made heavy details for the purpose of burying the dead of both parties, and that the work was already accomplished. He therefore refused to receive Confederate parties within the Federal lines for that purpose. His note was respectfully addressed as follows:

‘ "General Beauregard, commanding the Confederate Army, Mississippi."

At Monterey, our courier found the Federals busy putting their camps in order and looking after the dead and wounded.

The Confederates killed are much less than was at first supposed, and the wounded are comparatively slightly hurt, as they were well protected by the timber.

The prisoners are still coming in, and number nearly four thousand, including about 200 officers.

The Federals daily send out strong reconnoitering parties, which are constantly surprised by the Confederates, and many of them either killed or wounded.

The Confederates are holding firmly their old lines, and the men are in good condition and ready for another fight.

Our wounded have all arrived; many of them have been sent to Memphis and Oxford.

’ The following private dispatches appear in the Atlanta Confederacy of Saturday:

Chattanooga, April 10, 8 o'clock P. M.--Passengers just from Corinth say the most terrible battle ever known occurred on Monday, Buell's forces fought us all day Monday. They say Buell is killed. An armistice expires Friday. Both armies are being reinforced. Van-Dorn is coming up with his forces.

Chattanooga, April 10.--All concur in our victory being complete. They commenced shelling — we retreated. Their loss at the lowest estimate is 18,000 on the field — Buell among the number. Many of our wounded, and theirs also, were burnt by the woods taking fire. We destroyed their ammunition — too much of it to hand off. The whole militia of Louisiana and Mississippi are moving up on masse.

The Lynchburg Republican learns the following from a gentleman who was in the fight:

‘ The night before the battle a council of all the Generals was held, in which the plan of attack was stated by Beauregard, and further explained by a map. General Crittenden, who was the youngest General present, on being assigned his position, remarked: ‘"That will bring my rear to the front"’ ‘"I am glad to hear you say no,"’ replied Beauregard; ‘"It shows that you fully understand our plan, and the position assigned you is desired to have that effect. It might make a difference to regulars, but to volunteers it can make none."’

All the killed of the enemy were cased in flexible stock mail, protecting the breast, leaving free play for all their limbs.

’ With regard to the death of Gen. Johnston, the Atlanta Commonwealth says:

‘ The death wound of Gen. Johnston was inflicted on the calf of his right leg, and was considered by him as only a flesh wound. Soon after receiving it he gave an order to Governor Harris, who was acting as a volunteer aid to him, who, on his return to General Johnston, different part of the field, found him exhausted from loss of blood, and reelingin his saddle. Hiding up to him, Governor Harris asked, ‘"Are you hurt? "’ to which the now dying hero answered: ‘"Yes, and I fear mortally,"’ and then, stretching out both arms towards his companion, fell from his horse, and soon after expired.

Fort Pulaski.

We publish in another column an original account of the first day's siege of Fort Pulaski. With regard to our force in the fort previous to its surrender, the Savannah Republican, of Friday, says:

‘ The fort is commanded by Chas. M. Clinstead, of this city, Colonel of the 1st volunteer regiment of Savannah, now in the Confederate service. He is quite a young man — being about 25 years of age — yet a proficient in judgment, and well skilled in military science. He graduated with the first distinction at the Military Academy at Marietta, and has since devoted much attention to arms. His sagacity, courage, and coolness are undoubted. He will never surrender so long as he has a gun on its carriage and the ammunition to fire it. The second officer in rank is Major John Foley, for many years Captain of the Irish Jasper Greens, one of the favorite volunteer companies of our city, and an officer of much experience and no doubted gallantly. The third in grade is Capt. John H. Stegin, of the German Volunteers, also an old and skillful commander. All three of these officers have been in the fort almost from the date of its occupation in January, 1861, and their commands have much experience in gunnery. They companies which compose the garrison are as follows: German Volunteers, Captain John H. Stegin; Oglethorpe Light Infantry, Co. H, Captain Frederick W. Sims; Washington Volunteers, Captain John McMahon; Montgomery Guards, Captain Lawrence J. Gullmartin; Wise Guards, 25th Georgia regiment, Captain McMullin.

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