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Later from the North.
the enlistment question.
Gold still Higher!
escape of Curtis's army.

Barbarity in Alabama--Federal General called to account — further from New Orleans, &c., &c.

We have received New York and Philadelphia papers of the 17th instant, and Baltimore papers of the 16th. They contain no news of importance from McClellan's army. The tone of the latest foreign news by the Persia caused much uneasiness in New York. We take the following about the state of opinion in Gotham from a letter dated New York, July 16th:

The city has been agitated again, to-day, by another batch of alarming rumors. One is, that 'Stonewall Jackson is again on the tramp towards Winchester, and that our troops there are falling back on Harper's Ferry; another is, that the President has determined to remove Gen. McClellan, and that the Army of the Potomac is to be recalled from the Peninsula. The former is thought to be probable, but the latter is not credited.

The real value of the Union Square meeting must be determined, not by the number of eloquent speeches delivered, nor by the great applause with which the resolutions and the address was received, but by the number of volunteers brought to the recruiting office. It will be some days before we can ascertain precisely the effect in this particular.

Meanwhile, it must be confessed that enlistments are not so lively as they ought to be. I looked in at most of the ‘"headquarters"’ this morning, and found the complaint general that the men did not come up very actively. In a few days, however, the understanding is, that the Legislature will convene in special session, in order to stimulate enlistments by offering a handsome bounty. There is no time to be lost, and if the Governor is wise, he will not delay the call for an extra session another day.

The depression in the stock market, with lower prices, etc., may be attributed to these rumors, together with the arrogant and unfriendly tone of the London Tory journals towards the Federal Government and the North. Private letters from London and Liverpool bankers were likewise shown in ‘"the street,"’ expressing an apprehension that Lindsay's motion for a recognition of the rebel Confederacy would have more strength than its opponents were calculating upon, and intimating that the Opposition would endeavor to upset the Ministry upon it.

These representations, whether correct or otherwise, did not tend to inspire a very cheerful feeling. Wall street, however, is nothing if not fickle, and to-morrow everything is as likely to be as high ‘"up"’ as to-day it is ‘"down."’

The ninth regiment Vermont volunteers, upon their arrival here this morning, were received by a deputation of the Sons of Vermont, by whom they were escorted to Madison Square, where they partook of breakfast, under the shade of the great trees. Later in the day the officers partook of a dinner tendered them by the Sons of Rhode Island, at which patriotic speeches were delivered by several gentlemen.

The escape of Gen. Curtis's army.

Memphis, July 14.
--General Curtis's entire command arrived at Helena on the 11th. His army left Batesville on June 24th, and reached Jacksonport on the 26th.

On July 24 they started across the country. On the 4th, when the Thirteenth Illinois Regiment was coming down White river with a load of cotton, they were fired on by a band of guerrillas, seven miles below Grand Glasse. The fire was returned and the rebels fled.

A contraband who was taken on board the next day says he saw nineteen dead rebels near the scene of action.

On the 7th, General Curtis's advance, consisting of the First Indiana Cavalry, Eleventh Wisconsin and Thirty-third Illinois, were attacked by two regiments of Texas cavalry and a large force of infantry.

Our troops had four mounted howitzers, which were brought to bear on the rebels with terrific effect, causing their cavalry to break in disorder, ride over the infantry, and threw them into confusion.

The affair terminated in the utter rout of the rebels. They were pursued by our force, and a large number of prisoners were captured, who were afterwards paroled.

After the battle our troops buried 110 rebels on the field. Our less was 8 killed--among them Captain Sloan, of the Eleventh Wisconsin and 32 wounded. Major Glendon, of the First Indiana cavalry, was seriously wounded.

The rebels had no artillery, which accounts for their heavy loss, as compared with ours.

Not withstanding the long forced marches and short rations, General Curtis's army is in good condition. When it arrived at Melena, Arkansas, but three days supplies were left.

Important from Tennessee.

Nashville, July 16
--The rebel guerrillas have fallen back toward McMinnville. They number about two thousand in all.

Our officers have been taken along by them, but the men have been released on parole.

Our loss was thirty-three killed and sixty two wounded. The rebels lost fifty killed and one hundred wounded.

The citizens are taking good care of the wounded, and have buried the dead left by the rebels.

The citizens are actively enlisting in the Home Guard, and reinforcements are arriving. No danger is now apprehended to the city.

The war in Arkansas.

Chicago, July 16.
--A special dispatch from Memphis to the Tribune says:

‘ Two hundred of Col. Fitch's command had an engagement with the rebels, numbering 4,000, on the morning of the 6th. The Federal loss was 22 killed and wounded, and that of the rebels 84 killed, wounded, and missing.

Another engagement took place on the night of the 7th, in which Col. Fitch captured all the enemy's camp equipage and prisoners. Both fights are said to have taken place within ten miles of Duval's Bluff, where a large force of rebels are said to be stationed.

Guerrilla Raids in Western Virginia.

The Wheeling (Va.) Intelligencer says, the Confederate guerrillas are daily increasing in force in the counties bordering on the Ohio river, and ‘"most vigorous measures"’ are necessary to put them down. It says:

‘ Last Sunday week, a lot of groceries, belonging to a Dr. Chapman, of Spencer, Roane county, whilst on its way to Ravenswood, was captured by Hugh Kiger, Noah Tanner, and Andy Dusky, three notorious Rangers. Colonel Frost, upon ascertaining the fact, sent out a squad of Captain Rowan's cavalry from Ravenswood, under command of Lieut. Dawson, with orders to burn the houses of the three men named. The order was promptly executed. On Thursday of last week, Col. Frost received information of other outrages committed by the Rangers, and again sent out a squad. The squad was fired upon by a force of at least sixty Rangers, and one of the cavalrymen (Charles McCoy, of this city,) was shot and mortally wounded; whilst another, Corporal Lawson, was wounded by his horse when the attack was made.

The cavalry found a large quantity of bread baked at the house of Henry Shepperd, a violent Secessionist and a Ranger, whose house they burned. The house of Abel V. Tyce, whose son is a Ranger, was also burned, the owner having acknowledged that he had fed the Rangers and would do it again. After the return of the squad, Col. Frost, at the head of Rowan's cavalry and a body of infantry, started from Ravenswood on the double-quick, towards the scene of the engagement, but the enemy had gone. The country, however, was thoroughly scouted. The houses of Joseph Smith and M. J. Kester, both violent Secessionists, were burned to the ground, and George Downes, Wm. Harris, Seth Rogers, Newton Radcliffe, and James W. Morgan, all noted Rangers, were captured.

Outrages of a Federal commander in Alabama--horrible barbarities.

Gen. O. M. Mitchell, who has been in command of the division of United States troops in North Alabama, has been summoned to Washington, to answer charges against him for allowing brutality towards the people by his troops. Gen. Turchin, one of his subordinates, is now being tried by court-martial at Huntsville, Ala. The Louisville Democrat (Yankee) says:

Gen. Turchin said to his soldiers that he would shut his eyes for two hours, and let them loose upon the town and citizens of Athens — the very same citizens who, when all the rest of their State was disloyal, nailed the national colors to the highest pinnacle of their Court-House cupola — these citizens yet to a wonderful degree true to their allegiance, had their houses and stores broken open and robbed of everything valuable, and what was too unwieldy to be transported easily, broken or otherwise ruined; safes were forced open and rifled of thousands of dollars — wives and mothers insulted, and husbands and fathers arrested if they dared to murmur — horses and negroes taken in large numbers — ladies were robbed of all their wearing apparel except what they had on — in a word, every outrage committed and every excess indulged in that ever was heard of by a most savage and brutal soldiery towards a defenceless and alarmed population. All, too, by those who pretend to represent the United States Government. This is an everlasting disgrace, that can never be wiped from the page of history, but which demands immediate and prompt action, and the execration of all lovers of law and good government.

I am responsible for these statements. I have no more doubt that they occurred just as stated than I have of my own existence. I know similar acts disgraced the same brigade of our army when we occupied Bowling Green, Ky., and the matter was hushed up to save the credit of our army, hoping it would occur no more; but this leniency failed to have its proper effect, and it is no longer endurable. The good of the service and the character of

every Union soldier cries for the punishment, with out mercy, of such disgraceful conduct.

’ In republishing the above, the St. Louis Republican says:

‘ We could hardly give credence to the above story, but are told that it is even worse than this correspondent relates. The conduct of some of these men was the worst a licentious and brutal soldiery could inflict upon defenceless women; so vile, indeed, that an officer of the army who regards the honor of his cloth has determined to lay the matter before the Government. We do not doubt that the men who have committed the horrible crimes alleged, as well as those, who winked at it, will meet with swift and retributive justice. The honor of the army calls for it, and humanity demands it.

’ The Louisville Journal states that Gen. M. has arrived in Washington, and loudly demands an investigation of his case. It says:

General Mitchell and a portion of his command have perpetrated in North Alabama deeds of cruelty and of guilt, the bare narration of which makes the heart sick. The particulars in the case will be laid before the authorities at Washington, in the course of a few days, when, we take it for granted, the honor of the nation and the welfare of the national cause will be promptly vindicated. The case will not brook delay. It cries out for investigation and determination. Let it be investigated and determined at once. We at present forbear to go into the heart-sickening particulars of the case, but, if necessary, we will not hesitate to do so hereafter. Meanwhile, we invoke the authorities, as they value the national honor and cherish the national cause, to visit swift justice upon the epauletted miscreant who has recklessly set both at defiance.

General Mitchell is now in Washington, and can answer the charges against him, if they are answerable, without delay. We hope, for the country's sake, there will be in the matter no delay, and no clemency. The matter justly admits of neither. Feeling deeply, we speak strongly, but not certainly without the keenest sorrow. General Mitchell's villainous misconduct is a national calamity. It must pierce with sorrow the heart of every patriot as of every man.

Gen. Butler and the women of New Orleans.

The following letter from Gen. Butler, explaining his reasons for issuing the celebrated order regarding the ladies of New Orleans, has been received in Boston:

Headq'rs Department of the Gulf,

New Orleans, July 2, 1862.
My Dear Sir:
I am as jealous of the good opinion of my friends as I am careless of the slanders of my enemies, and your kind expressions in regard to Order No. 28 leads me to say a word to you on the subject.

That it ever could have been so misconceived as it has been by some portions of the Northern press is wonderful, and would lead one to exclaim with the Jew, ‘"O! Father Abraham, what these Christians are, whose own hard dealings teach them to suspect the very thoughts of others."’

What was the state of things to which the woman order applied?

We were two thousand five hundred men in a city seven miles long by two to four wide, of a hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants, all hostile, bitter, defiant, explosive, standing literally on a magazine, a spark only needed for destruction. The devil had entered the hearts of the women of this town (you know seven of them chose Mary Magdalen for a residence) to stir up strife in every way possible. Every opprobrious epithet, every insulting gesture was made by these bejeweled, be crinoline and laced creatures, calling themselves indies, towards my soldiers and officers, from the windows of houses and in the streets. How long do you suppose our flesh and blood could have stood this without retort? That would lead to disturbances and riot, from which we must clear the streets with artillery — and then a howl that we had murdered these fine women. I had arrested the men who hurrahs for Beauregard. Could I arrest the women? No. What was to be done? No order could be made save one that would execute itself. With anxious, careful thought, I hit upon this: ‘"Women who insult my soldiers are to be regarded and treated as common women plying their vocation."’

Pray, how do you treat a common woman plying her vocation in the streets? You pass her by unheeded. She cannot insult you! As a gentleman, you can and will take no notice of her. If she speaks, her words are not opprobrious. It is only when she becomes a continuous and positive nuisance that you call a watchman and give her in charge to him. But some of the Northern editors seem to think that whenever one meets such a woman, one must stop her, talk with her, insult her, or hold dalliance with her; and so, from their own conduct, they construed my order.

The editor of the Boston Courier may so deal with common women, and out of the abundance of the heart his mouth may speak — but so do not I.--Why, these she adders of New Orleans themselves were at once shamed into propriety of conduct by the order, and from that day no woman has either insulted or annoyed any live soldier or officer, and of a certainty no soldier has insulted any woman. When I passed through Baltimore on the 23d of February last, members of my staff were insulted by the gestures of the ladies (?) there. Not so in New Orleans.

One of the worst possible of all these women showed disrespect to the remains of the gallant young DeKay, and you will see her punishment; a copy of the order, which I enclose, is at once a vindication and a construction of my order.

I can only say that I would issue it again, under like circumstances. Again thanking you for your kind interest.

I am, truly, your friend,

Benj. f. Butler,
Major General Commanding.

Contraband arms for New Orleans.

The steamer Blackstone, which was to have sailed from New York for New Orleans on the 14th inst. was seized at her wharf on that day, on suspicion of having contraband goods aboard. The report of the seizure says:

‘ These goods were found to consist of a large number of packages, containing bowie-knives, pikes and other articles. Late on Saturday evening the revenue officers acquainted the Collector with the facts in the case, who immediately ordered her detention. The agents of the vessel are C. N. Smith & Co., of South street, who at once proceeded to Washington and laid the case before Secretary Chase, who, upon hearing the statements of the parties, referred them back to the Collector for adjudication. They returned yesterday (Monday) morning, and from what transpired during the day, it is believed that the Collector determined upon the discharge of the ship's cargo as contraband of war. The Blackstone is now lying at the Atlantic dock, Brooklyn, in charge of the authorities. She is an exceedingly handsome vessel, with a valuable cargo, and had a regular clearance for New Orleans.

The strength of the Southern army.

The New York Herald has heard from an escaped Yankee (citizen) from Charleston, that the conscript act will put 70,000 men in the Confederate army. It says:

‘ Now, if it be true that the rebels have these forces in the field — even though many of them must be raw and unarmed levies — it only shows the necessity of our Government placing such a force in the field as will crush the rebellion by a rapid succession of vigorous and decisive blows. The first thing in order will be the capture of the rebel capital. This will be a blow more severely felt among them than any other injury we could inflict, and would complete the demoralization of their affairs. For the safety of our Government, therefore, and the final triumph of our armies, the constituted authorities must provide reinforcements immediately for Gen. McClellan. Not that the noble army under this gallant officer will be defeated if such reinforcements are not sent forward, but to enable the General promptly and victoriously to carry out those very plans which he has been restrained from executing the unwise action of the radical members of Congress in Washington.

Later from Port Royal — condition of affairs in Gen. Hunter's Department.

The steamer Ericsson has arrived at New York, with dates to the 10th inst. from Port Royal. The Express has the following summary of news:

‘ There was no movement of troops going on when the Ericsson left, all available transports being used to convey the troops from James Island to Beaufort and Hilton Head.

The health of the troops around Hilton Head is getting somewhat impaired by the heat of the weather. The prevailing diseases are typhoid fever, bilious fever, and chronic diarrhæa, the latter somewhat malignant. The wounded in the hospitals are suffering dreadfully from the heat and vermin, which are increasing daily. All wounded men able to stand the fatigue of removal are sent North, as at Hilton Head the air and water are not beneficial to their welfare.

Gen. Hunter has issued an order directing the contrabands to be taken from fatigue duty, and white soldiers to be put in their places. The soldiers are grumbling at this measure, and several fights between them and the negroes have taken place.

The rebels have repossessed Jones and Bird Islands, which were abandoned by the Federal troops, demolished the batteries, and hurl up everything inflammable about the places, and among others a number of Quaker guns.

Fort Pulaski is garrisoned by eight companies of the 48th New York volunteers.

Capt. Palmer, of the 7th Connecticut, died on the 18th inst, of typhoid fever. His body arrived also in the Ericsson.

Just previous to the sailing of the steamer there was a rumor at Port Royal of a skirmish in the vicinity of Port Royal Ferry. Four regiments were at once dispatched to the place.

The negroes are getting daily more and more impudent, and openly boast that they receive better food than ‘"do white sojera."’ They are getting fresh bread daily, while the soldiers are living on crackers.

The negro camp is guarded by their own men, who are armed, and insist upon due respect being

paid to their sentinels. Capt. James, who omitted to return the salute of a negro, was assaulted by the man, and but for his belt, which received the charge, would have been run through.

Commodore Wilkes assumes command of the gunboat fleet.

Just before the Haze sailed Commodore Wilkes arrived and assumed command. His flag-ship is the Wachuset. Commodore Goldsborough, in his own flag-ship, the Minnesota, is at Norfolk. There is much gratification throughout the army as well as the navy at Commodore Wilkes's appointment, and high expectations are entertained of the new commander. The prospect of more active service under a man of recognized ability and energy stimulates the officers; and the navy will soon be prepared to take an active part in the operations before Richmond.

The Monitor and Galena are among the vessels at Harrison's bar. The movements of the Monitor are greatly admired. The Galena was not so much injured in her fight with Fort Darling as was generally supposed. The marks of some of the shot, however, are plainly visible on her sides. One of the balls sticks to her plating, in which it is partially imbedded; another went nearly through and broke, one half of it falling off; a third passed into the wood work, but not through the vessel. These marks of her fight remain. The damage done to her upper deck thin plating has been repaired.

Ex-Governor Seymour, of Connecticut, Opposed to a war of subjugation.

Ex-Governor Seymour, of Connecticut, has written a remarkable letter to the Hartford Times condemning the use of his name as a Vice President of the late war meeting in that city. He goes on to say that--

‘ "If it is necessary to be more explicit, I beg leave to state that, knowing what the meeting would be beforehand, I could not have been induced to attend it, or take a part in its doings — and that, having glanced at the speeches and the proceedings generally of that meeting, I particularly desire to clear myself from any participation, directly or indirectly, in what took place there.--The meeting, if I have not misunderstood its general bearing, is one which ignores peaceful remedies of any sort as a means of restoring the Union, and calls loudly for men and means to aid in the subjugation and consequent degradation and overthrow of the South. I follow, gentlemen, in no such crusade, neither will I contribute, in any way, to the accomplishment of such a bloody purpose. The monstrous fallacy of the present day, that the Union can be re-established by destroying any part of the South, is one which will burst with the shells that are thrown into its defenceless cities, and leave the condition of this country, after its treasures are exhausted, and its brave men on both sides consigned to hospitals and graves, a spectacle for reproach or commiseration of the civilized world."

Treatment of prisoners.

A Fortress Monroe letter in the Tribune says:

‘ Three Secession officers arrived here last evening from Harrison's, and have put up at the Hygeia Hotel. They were wounded and taken prisoners at Williamsburg. They have their liberty and comfort to the extent the place affords. It is to be hoped that our men, now prisoners at Richmond and other localities, fare as well. Their names are Col. Farney, of Alabama; Col. Williams, of Virginia, and Captain Murphy, of Alabama. They receive more than their share of attention from the ladies present, either from sympathy or curiosity, which, I am unable to say.

We learn by an officer of the 5th Michigan, who is one of the 107 Union prisoners who came from the Baltimore Store hospital yesterday, that the treatment they received from the rebel officers having charge of them while they were held captives was universally kind and humane, and so different from what they had anticipated that it was actually surprising to themselves.

Death of a State prisoner.

The Baltimore News Sheet says that Christopher J. Byrne, a highly esteemed young man, of that city, who has for some time past been confined in Fort Delaware as a State prisoner, died on Sunday last, of typhoid fever, caused by his imprisonment. His body reached Baltimore Wednesday morning, and was conveyed to the residence of his parents. He was about seventeen years of age. He was imprisoned upon the charge of attempting to go to the South.

Extracts from a Washington letter.

The Shenandoah Valley.--The report that the rebels are disposed to make another demonstration on the Shenandoah Valley, is again freely circulated this afternoon. A gentleman who came from Winchester last night states that the rebels in that vicinity are sanguine that Stonewall Jackson will pay them another visit before the week is out.--Gen. Pope has made all the necessary arrangements to receive him. His address to his army, which is published to-day, shows that he is determined to do just exactly what he says. Gen. Pope has made himself immensely popular while he has been among us here. He looks like a soldier.

Foreign intervention.

An English officer, who has been sojourning here for some weeks, stated, this afternoon, in the rotunda of the Capitol, that England would recognize the Southern Confederacy before the first of September, unless, in the meantime, our army captured Richmond.

He regarded Gen. McClellan's recent movements as a virtual defeat, and said that he had exposed his weakness to the rebels, and that his Government would so understand it. This kind of feeling is very freely indulged in by foreigners here. It is evident that the English Government has a number of paid agents here, who seize upon every pretext to traduce our country. Some of them are in our army.

Enlisting men.

It is believed, to-day, that there will be a wholesome change made in the mode of enlisting men by the Governors of the different States. The subject is much agitated in consequence of the number of individuals who are anxious to raise regiments on their own responsibility, and have them clothed and equipped direct by the United States Government.

In the House of Representatives, in consequence of a note received from President Lincoln asking that the time fixed for adjournment be extended one day, a joint resolution was passed extending the time of adjournment to Thursday. A bill was passed compelling all masters of vessels sailing to foreign ports, and all claim agents, to take the oath of allegiance.

Operations of Morgan's guerrillas.

Louisville, Ky., July 13.
--Rumors have reached here that Morgan's guerrillas, 2,800 strong, in two squads, are at Harrodsburg and Danville, destroying property and stealing horses. Considerable excitement exists in Louisville on account of the proximity of the guerrillas. Effective measures are being taken to prevent incursions.

July 13--Midnight.--Reports have been just received that the main body of Morgan's guerrillas were at Rough and Ready, nine miles south of Frankfort, at five o'clock this afternoon. Our informant says the State archives are being removed from the Capitol.

Northern financial news.

New York, July 16.
--The Money market continues firm at 5 @ 6 per cent. on call, and 5 @ 6½ per cent, on prime paper. Sterling Exchange closed quiet at 128½ @ 129 for bankers' bills. American Gold closes firm at 17 @ 17½ per cent. premium.--California Gold bars are quoted at 18 @ 18½ per cent. premium. The steamer Scotia, to-day, for Liverpool, carried out $372,216.64 in specie. Government stocks are lower. United States 6's, 1881, 90 @ 100¼; 7.30 Treasury Notes, 102¾. Stocks are heavy and lower. Harlem has declined ; New York Central and Harlem Preferred, ½. Erie, ; Michigan Southern, ¾; Reading and Illinois Centra', 1; Cleveland and Toledo, 1½; Hudson, 1¼ and Michigan Southern Guaranteed, 2.

Philadelphia, July 16.--There is nothing new to report in the stock market to day. The feeling of suspense and depression continues to influence the transactions, and most of the sales made show a slight decline. There are, however, but few stocks pressing, and the abundance of money, added to the inflated tendencies of the paper issues, must prevent any serious decline, even in the absence of good news from the army, which is the cause of the present weakness. Good dividend paying stock will most likely be in greater demand should the feeling of depression continue, and even those who are induced by it to sell securities bought for speculation are troubled to find investments for their idle capital, and in this fact (should we meet no further reverses) we can see the cause of an early return to the upward current of affairs.

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