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From the North.

Our latest Northern intelligence is Interesting. Archbishop Hughes preached a section in New York, on the 18th inst., calling upon the North to come out in full strength for the persecution of the war. He thought the people should ‘"insist upon being drafted," ’ that they might Hose this war by ‘"strength of might alone."’ The English steamer Columbia had been captured off Key West, trying to run the blockade, with $200,000 worth of ammunition and arms. In New Orleans a desperate fight had occurred between about thirty insurrectionary negroes and the police. The negroes boasted that they were ‘"well drilled,"’ and could not be taken. They used knives and pistols freely, and were only subdued after some soldiers had interfered and the ringleader was killed. Col. Corcoran's reception at Washington was the occasion of a number of speeches about crushing the rebellion. His own was the most important, and we give the following extract from it:

The country is at last alive to the struggle, and will give two millions of men and every dollar in their possession to put down this wicked rebellion and preserve the glorious institutions as handed down by our forefathers.

You here have not seen any of the horrors of war. You are not ruled by a military despotism, as those among whom we have traveled, seen, and conversed with. They are suffering the worst despotism upon earth, and we owe it to them to go to their rescue.

He had come from North Carolina. Although that State has 30,000 men in the field, one-half of them, if free to speak, would speak in favor of returning to the Union, but their State pride and blind love for State institutions will cause them to fight well in the ranks until we can give them assurance that we will send to them as well as to the other States a sufficient number of Union men around whom they can rally.

He had much to say to the old Sixty-ninth. He was rejoiced to see them here again. He was rejoiced to hear they were again in the field. He was rejoiced again to see that old green flag, saved from the battle-field of Manassas, [cheers,] mingled again with the Stars and Stripes, and the members of the regiment willing, he knew, to lay down their lives to uphold the flag of the country. Your term of service has, he said, nearly expired. You will be returning to New York, but not, I hope, to remain there. [Voices--‘"No, never: well go with you again."’

Some must from necessity remain, but others from a solemn sense of duty, throwing aside personal considerations, will again enter the service, and remain in the army till the last blow is struck. [Cries of ‘"Good — we will."’] I ask no wan to go where I am not willing to go. [Applause] I never ask any man to move an inch nearer to the enemy than I move myself. I trust when I return to New York that I will not remain there many days, but have the old 69th again to join me and take the field, with more of my countrymen, in the endeavor to preserve the country for our people. [Applause and voices--‘"We are with you. "’

Gentlemen, I do not wish to detain you long, but I will say this is a splendid school for military training. [Laughter.] Archbishop Hughes told them so in Ireland. I think there will be no intervention. If there should be we will try our hand at it, too.--[Applause, and cries of ‘"Good."’ I will say from this spot, without fear of contradiction, we can prevent them from giving any trouble this side of the Atlantic. [A voice, which was heartily responded to, ‘"And voice, which was heartily responded to,"’ And the other side, too." The work of the hour is to be done. We must go at it with a will, and when that is over we will make an opportunity for ourselves elsewhere. [This last remark was greeted with applause.]

Col. Wilcox made a speech, in which he said if the North didn't crush this ‘"great rebellion,"’ the North itself would be crushed by it. He was every bitter on not having had a knife and fork to eat with in prison, and consequently thought the Government should use all its resources to drive the Confederates into the Gulf of Mexico.

A reconnaissance Toward Gallatin, Tenn.--the rebels Morgan and Forrest at Huntsville.

Nashville, Aug. 17.
--Col. Miller made an armed reconnaissance near Gallatin last night. His force consisted of the 79th Pennsylvania, 11th Michigan, and Best's battery. He found the enemy had decamped Morgan has gone to Herdvills; whereas, it is reported, he has effected a junction with Forrest.

Two Union couriers were captured last night by Stone's men, nine miles from Nashville, on the Murfreesboro' road; they took the dispatches, but liberated the couriers, telling them to assure the Federal authorities that the Confederates would surely have Nashville to-day, (Sunday.)

A party of the 1st Tennessee cavalry undertook to surround a rebel house, six miles from Nashville, last night, and capture the occupants, but were tired upon from the windows and guerrillas in the woods, and obliged to retreat. They come in reporting a force of 7,000 rebels near the city. The troops were under arms all night, and cannon were planted to destroy the city on the first approach of the enemy.

Another party of the 1st Tennessee cavalry captured a large party of Secessionists near the city last night.

A construction train left yesterday morning to repair the tunnel at Gallatin. The hands were captured by guerrillas near Gallatin. The engineer escaped with the locomotive. It is rumored that several Union houses were burned at Gallatin.

Much uneasiness is felt in consequence of the non-arrival of the Louisville train, now 20 hours over-due.

Morgan captured $150,009 in U. S. Treasury notes in Lebanon.

From Fortress Monroe--the rebel army around Richmond.--Washington in Danger, Etc.

It will be seen from the following that the Yankees are by no means certain that Washington is safe. This was written ten days ago, when Stone-wall and his army were at Gordonsville; but now that he is driving Pope before him, and no great distance from Washington, we can well imagine the fears of Lincoln, Seward & Co.:

Fortress Monroe, August 14.--The sudden interruption of telegraphic communication between Harrison's Landing and Washington, caused by the breaking of the cable across Chesapeake Bay, brought Gen. McClellan down the James in the afternoon, on his way to Cherrystone, to hold his usual telegraphic conversation with Gen. Halleck, His coming was unannounced, except to a few officials, and there was no demonstration, except just as he was leaving, when quite a crowd gathered at the wharf. Gen. McClellan was accompanied by Gen. Fitz John Porter, Quartermaster Ingalls, Col. Switzer, and o few others of the staff. They left in the John Tucker for Cherrystone shortly after six o'clock, and arrived at the Eastern Shore between nine and ten. Gen. McClellan went ashore and spent several hours in sending and receiving messages from Washington. The party arrived here on their return about six o'clock this morning, and proceeded immediately to Harrison's Landing.

This brief absence from the army is the first that Gen. McClellan has indulged in since he joined it. He is in excellent health.

Speculating upon the probable defeat of Pope, and loss of Washington, the writer says:

‘ Between the two, the security of Washington rather than the capture of Richmond, will be the paramount object and the ruling idea in the disposition, the withdrawal, the advance, the movements of troops, general and particular. In view of the fact that the rebel force in the field exceeds our own, but that the case will be reversed within the next sixty days, and that whatever they do must be done at once we may expect to see the rebels acting on this principle. It is of infinitely more consequence to us that Washington should be held secure than that Richmond should be taken. The fall of the latter will follow as an absolute certainty. We may conclude that the policy of so consolidating our forces in the field as to render the security of Washington no less certain, will be the policy of Gen. Halleck and his advisers. However, let us be surprised at no movement, at any change, however unexpected.

The Army of the Potomac have all been thoroughly examined by the physicians to a man, and all not capable for immediate services have been sent down the river in transports, and are to be sent to some suitable point or points to recruit their health.

A Northern Paper on John Bull.

The Boston Traveller, speaking of the English comments on the Yankee ‘ "victories,"’ says:

‘ The English journals speak of the reverses of our arms near Richmond all one way. Our friends as well as our enemies treat them as reverses, and it would be difficult to see how they could regard them as successes. If the allies had left the Crimea after the battle of Inkermann, the American journals would have said, and truly said, that the Russians were victorious; and when our army retreats, we cannot expect foreigners to say that it has been successful. There is no evidence of enmity in speaking the truth of one of the most striking events of the time. We had led the English to believe that we were about to enter Richmond, as we might have entered it, if leading men had done their duty; and when we not only did not enter it, but retreated from it, we cannot complain if they do not look upon us as victors. It is not to be denied; however, that even our friends in England are beginning to regard us with something of that contempt which is always visited upon those who fall, particularly if their failure happens in war, which is supposed to be the favorite business of the favored races of men,

At the time of the Russian war, what was more common in America than to sneer at England's military character? Well, Mr, Bull's turn has come, and he taken off his broad-brimmed hat, makes us as fine a how as his stiff back and short neck will allow him to make, and, tendering us his kindest compliments inquires how it is that in America the number beats the greater.--"Really," says he wiping his forehead with a Allen shaw1, "it seems that those Southron were not so very far out of the way when they declared that one of their men could beat five of yours. They made a mistake of only one, for you are four times as numerous as the Confederates. Ho, ho, ho, Jona-than !" Now, we must take Mr. Bull's raillery as it is meant, as an offset to what we used to say in 1854-6. It is burly Johnny's way. If we desire his respect, and that of other foreigners, we can get it by beating the enemy. That is the price of admission into the good graces of the European shop. The absent are said to be always wrong, and it is certain that the vanquished are always despised. It does not signify a rap how valiantly men fall, they are doomed to be trampled upon because they are fallen. Said Napoleon the First, "apres tout, qu'est queles Spartidles?--Des vaincus!" Yet the Spartans fought well at Lenotra and Mantineia, and in what may be called the last battle of their rase they stood manfully up against the soldiers of Alexander, and inflicted upon them a greater loss than their brethren had experienced at issue and Arbela when fighting against the whole power of Persia. After Leipzig, Napoleon probably thought that des vaincus were about as good as victors; and after Waterloo he must have assigned them superiority. But his change of opinion did not change that of the world, which given against the conquered, no matter what their vator and their virine, or how great had been their early successes. What Shakespeare truly says of the individual, is equally applicable to party, and nation, and race:

"The painful warrior famously for fight,
After a thousand victories once foll'd,
Is from the book of honor rased quite,
And all the rest forgot for which he toll'd."

Marked men.

In view of the recent order of President Davis, concerning the execution of officers of negro regiments, we copy the following list from the New York Tribune of the officers of the 1st South Carolina (negro) regiment, organized by Gen. Hunter, but lately disbanded as inefficient:

CaptainsChas. Trowbridge, John D. B. Goddard, James H. Harold, Wm B Church, Erastus H. Case, of New Pork; Wm J Randolph, Robert W. Weller, Robert Hamilton, Wm James, and Jos T Brown, of Pennsylvania. First Lieutenants--Geo W. Reeder. Thos K. Durham, Alexander Heasley, Geo S Vem, Thos S McGlathery, of Pennsylvania; Robert M. Gaston, William H Davidson, israel F Stickles, of New York; Luther G Riggs, of Connecticut. Second Lieutenants--Jno A Trowbridge, Geo K Walker, of New York; Edmund F Gliver, Jas F Johnston, Robert G Christie, Steward. Alford, Jas Pomeroy, Thos C. Randolph, John O Kerr, of Pennsylvania. Regimental Quartermaster--Harry West, of New York.

The army of the Potomac.
[from the Cincinnati Gazette, (Republican,) 17th.]

One the most dismal and discouraging pictures of the war is that developed officially in the Senate on Wednesday. These facts have already been laid before the public through our columns; but now that they are officially promulgated, they must strike the loyal people with double force.--The at my of the Potomac was originally 230,000 strong. Prior to the 5th of April, according to the testimony of the Assistant Secretary of War, Tucker, McClellan had 120,000 men at Yorktown. Subsequently, Franklin's division, 12,000; McCall's division, 10,000; 11,000 from Baltimore and Fortress Monroe, and Shield's division, 5,000, were sent to him, making a total of 158,000, Generals Meigs and Wadsworth testified that McClellan had all be asked for. Only nineteen regiments were left to guard Washington. The correspondent of the Commercial telegraphs that the responsibility for Bal Bluff is divided between Stone and McClellan; yet Stone was sent to Fort Warren, while McClellan has been suffered to hold in his hands the destinies of this great nation.

It is known that the President said, on his return from James river, that McClellan could account for only half the men sent to him Of the 158,000 brave men he had upon the Peninsula only 85,000 were effective when the battles commenced, and when he finally landed on James river, only 60,000 could be mustered for active duty. Thus, from the time he landed at Yorktown to the beginning of the great battles, he lost, it seems, in various ways, 78,000; and between the landing and the close of the seven days fighting, 98,000 out of the 158,000 had been killed, had died in the swamps, or had by sickness been rendered unfit for service. These are the facts as they are now before the country. The picture, we repeat, is the most dismal and discouraging that could be presented. It is sickening to think that the finest army that the world ever saw should have been thus sacrificed and nothing accomplished.

The developments relieve Secretary Stanton from the charges made against him by the partisans of a General who has in less than a year lost nearly 100,000 out of 230,000 men, without accomplishing anything; leaving the, rebels stronger and the Government weaker in Eastern Virginia than they were six months ago. And we have authority for saying that Secretary Stanton stands higher with the President now than at any previous time, sad experience having made plain the wisdom of the policy and the plans that he favored. The people who have been missed by a blind or unscrupulous press, will not be slow to do injustice to Mr. Stanton. He will rise higher in the estimation of the loyal people from the gross and undeserved abuse which has been heaped upon him.

In view of the facts presented, it is not strange that the people should demand a new war policy.--It would be strange, indeed it would be criminal, if the voice of the people did not rattle, in thunder tones, around the ears of the President, for new men to direct affairs in the field, and new measures to govern the conduct of the war.

The Correspondence with the Mayor of Nashville.

Our readers will recollect that when Col. Morgan took possession of Gallatin, Tenn., one of his officers sent a message to Mayor Smith, of Nashville, informing him that he would visit him soon, as he had not seen him since he was defeated for office in the Confederate army. The following is the copy of the message sent, with Smith's reply, taken from the Nashville Union, of the 13th inst.,

[by Telegraph from Gallatin.]

Gallatin, Tenn., Aug. 12.
John Hugh Smith, Mayor:
I have not heard from you since you were defeated for Lieutenant in Rice's company, Confederate service. I am now watching the destruction of all of Uncle Sam's property. We captured Col. Boone and his whole command this morning. The Colonel is a clever man, but not very particular in choosing his company. As an old friend, I advise you and Andy to leave the city, or you will be compelled to take up quarters in Tuscaloosa.

Respectfully, yours,
J. R. McCann,
Captain of Cheatham Rifles.


Nashville, August 12.
Dear Dick McCann:
I am truly glad to hear from you. Did not know you were so near — great victory, no blood spilt. Your eloquent Union speeches for Douglas made a deep impression on me. I can't change. Andy's health is fine, and so is mine.

Don't put off your coming home. Why do so when so near? When you come we will extend to you the hospitalities of the city in a warm reception. If you will wait, I'll be in Gallatin to-morrow. Don't go before I see you. Your family are all well. I didn't run for Lieutenant. Dick, be careful in your facts. Love to Sam. Godshall, and the other boys.

John Hugh Smith.
If the "butternuts" roll down this way the Union hammers will crack a few of them, or we'll never eat another walnut.

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