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The Handbook of Sovereigns.

The Almanac de Guten presents this year some curious discrepancies worthy of note. It preserves in their places the States of Italy which have been annexed to the Pledmonies Monarchy, and yet admits the Kingdom of Italy, saying, ‘"Victor Emanuel takes by the law of the 17th of March, 1861. the title of King in Italy."’ In addition, full details of the new provinces are given in the statistical plan. But on the other hand, it admits some new States not before recognized by the Almanac, such as the republic of Hayll, the Kingdom of the Sandwich Islands, and the Empires of Japan and China. In the Sandwich islands, the King, named Alexander Giholiho Kamashomeha IV., is declared to be twenty six years old, and married to an American lady, Miss Ruker, His son has the title of Prices of Hawaii; his brother is Generalissimo, and his sister Prime Minister J — He has a Council of State, three Ministers, and a Marshal, a Receiver General, and a Supreme Court. The majority of the European States have representatives there. The kingdom forms four insular provinces, peopled by 70,000 inhabitants. The oldest sovereign in Europe is still the King of Wurtemburg. 80 years of age, and the youngest the Prince of Rouse-Greiz, who is 16½ years old. The sovereign who has reigned the longest is the Duke of Saxe Mainingon, who came to the throne 59 years age, while the most recent is the Sultan. The work also gives a list of the different Orders, 134 in number of which six are for women. The State possessing most is Bavaria, which has 11; then in and Austria, which have 10, Russia 8, and Fingal and Sweden 6. The Italian Revolution addressed six orders in Naples, one in Modens in Parma, and five in Tuscany.

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Tuscany (Italy) (1)
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March 17th, 1861 AD (1)
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