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Later from the South.

We have received Northern papers of the 27th.--They contain nothing of importance. The official returns of the Ohio election give a Dem cratic majority of 8,740. The total vote of the State shows a falling off of 78,000 since the Presidential election. In Iowa he Democrats gained 7 7 0, but lost the State. The papers make reference to a battle as having occurred at Maysville, Ky., but give no account of it Gen. Buell, who failed to capture Bragg, has been relieved, and Gen. Rosecrans has been appointed to his position:

Affairs in the Federal army.

The army of Gen. McClellan remains as heretofore. No movement has been made at any point on the Potomac. A accounting party, who returned to Sigel a headquarters on Saturday night, report that the Confederate General Mumford, with a force of 1,500 men, was at Pureellsville, about twelve miles west of Leesburg, on the road to Snicker's Cap. A large patrol of the Confederates is at Leesburg, Middiusbury, and Waterford. The New York Herald, in its ‘"Situation."’ article, has the following:

‘ The rebels paid a visit, a hundred and fifty strong, to Manassas Junction on Friday, and attacked a body of our men numbering only eighty. Our troops retreated with the less of fifteen men and two officers taken prisoners. Capt. Conger, of the Third Virginia cavalry, with thirty- five men, who had been on a scouting expedition, and was on his return, met the same party of rebels between Catlett's Station and Warrenton. Captain Conger attacked and dispersed this body, killing several members of the Thirteenth Virginia cavalry and taking two prisoners. In the engagement Captain Conger was seriously wounded and remained on the field over night, when he was taken in charge by a resident of the neighborhood and his wounds cared for.

His brother, Lieutenant Conger, had captured a rebel Major, but white in charge of him was himself captured and is now a prisoner. The whole loss of Captain conger's party in the fight was one wounded and three prisoners. Captain Dahlgren with his force drove in the rebel pickets between Catlett's Station and Warrenton Junction yesterday.

The Guerrilla Attacks on steamers — a New York cotton buyer killed.

The Federal steamer Gladiator, plying between Memphis and Holens, Ark, was boarded by guerrillar on the 18th inst., and Wm. R. Babcock, a cotton buyer, of the firm Babcock Bros. & Co., killed Several others were wounded. The boat was then set on fire and The Memphis correspondent of the New York Herald, writing on the 16th, says:

‘ This attempt of the guerrillas to out off our communication and to us out induced Gen. Sherman to issue orders for carrying into operation Special Order No. 2.4 Accordingly the names of forty-two families having husbands in the rebel army have been put in a lot any, and twenty drawn out, ten for each boat fired into. They will have three days' notification to leave Memphis, and retire twenty-five miles from our lines. I learn from Col. J. H. Authory, our popular and Provost Marshal, that the solidification will p be served on every one of the twenty tomorrow morning.

A later letter gives a list of twenty-seven ladies and seven men, all ordered out of Memphis for the above affair.

Confederate General reported to have "taken the oath."

The New York Herald asserts that Brigadier General Ed. Pries, son of Major-General Price, of the Confederate army, has taken the oath of allegiance to the United States. He was captured near Warsaw, Mo., last winter, and since that time has been on parole. It says:

‘ He was recently exchanged for Gen. Prenties, and after visiting the rebel camp at Grenata, Miss., returned to St. Louis. He gives it as his opinion that the rebellion is nearly broken, and that the Confederate army can exist but a short time longer. He waited Gen. Cuitis's headquarters, and immediately on resigned has position under the Richmond Government, gave his to for the latter to send through the lines. After subscribing as the allegiance, he announced his determination to observes it in both letter and sprit.

Lincoln's Cabinet to be Changed on an Expression of the opinion of the people to that effect.

The New York Herald has a lo of a George in should the popular voice in the coming elections be adverse to his Administration. It says he has a Cabinet which is quite as divided as that dismissed by General Jackson, and the present Cabinet dis and contentions not merely the technical Administration party, but the whole country. It adds:

‘ Members of the present Cabinet differ with such other, with the President and with the people as to the policy to be pursued in prosecuting this war. These members are intriguing for and against our Generals, interfering with the conflict of the war and thwarting the best devised plans of our military leaders. They neglect their own departments to intrude upon the departments of others.--They have crippled the efficiency of our army and navy, deranged and mismanaged our finances, and greatly prolonged, embittered, and increased the cost in and treasure of this unhappy war. Do a majority of the people demand their expulsion from office, and the selection of more competent and men as the President's advisers?

This question was an issue in the central States in October, and is an issue in the November elections which are now being canvassed. If the approaching elections in New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, and Minnesota, result in as marked conservative triumphs as those recently gained in Pennsylvanians, Ohio, and Indiana, this conservative victory will be intended, and will probably be accepted by the President, as a hot to reconstruct the Cabinet. Let the people remember this when they go to the battle-boxes. If, as we hope and expect, these elections shall reveal a decided conservative majority in most of the loyal States, there is no reason why President Lincoln should not select his now Cabinet, as he has his Generals, from the honest and able men who being to the conservative, in opposition to the red cal Abolition party. All parties are new in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war. All parties heartily support the President.--The conservatives have cordially and used and assisted President Lincoln in his arduous labors since his in office. They are really more cordial friends of the president than his own political adherents, who have threatened to depose him, who have slandered his wife and family, who have attacked and ridiculed his endeavors to carry on this war constitutionally, who have maliciously intrigued against him, who have countermanded his orders and thwarted his place and who have attempted to alternately lote and bully him into disregarding his oath of office by throwing away the Constitution and continuing this war without any other guide but the cap of an abolition minority. A conservative history and a conservative Cabinet will restore harmony between the President and the people, and speedily and gloriously and the war.--Voters of the North, the is with you.

The destitution of the army of the Potomac.

The Herald has another article on "Why McClellan Don't Advance. It says:

‘ At a moment when the whole country is anxiously awaiting a forward movement on the part of our great Potomac army, we hear that ‘"shoes are needed for the they can march"’ We know from reliable sources that the troops need blankets and overcoats, while bitter comments are made upon the irregularity of the payments made to the many regiments having received no pay for months. This proceeds from no lack of means, out from a want of care and judgment; and should this negligence continue we will lose more men by than by the bullets of the enemy. The department named above for acquiring information as to the necessities of the soldiers, and no lack of promptitude or energy on its part should be tolerated by the President, whose carry it and already is as Command Chief to satisfy himself that due attention is pair to the wants of the army. We have just been informed on positive authority that at least five hundred of General George Va., Morgen's soldiers are barefooted and without clothing. For months these brave men have been in a similar state of destitution, and we fall upon the Government to remedy such a shameful state or affairs.

The Monster guns for the iron clads.

In an article ridiculing the Warrior as a specimen of English iron clads, and comparing her with those of the United States, the New York Herald says:

‘ But the Navy Department have prepared guns more powerful than the famous eleven-inch. The Passale last Monday received into her massive turret a fifteen inch D higrent, a magnificent smooth bore gun weighing pounds — by far the largest gun at

The whole of our Monisor fleet will be armed with this tremendous ordnance. How will the Carrier, with her four and half inch armor plating came out of a contest with our iron clads thus armed? The fifteen-inch shot, with a moderate charge, will not only pieces, but shatter, the slight Carrier armor. The great ship, then, will have to depend on hor superior speed for safety. But in a contest with our larger iron clads, of the Director, or type, which angry ly a greater motive power than any ship over built, flight did not avail.--These ships, moreover, have side armor of iron, ten and a half inches thick, with four feet backing of oak, while the turrets are fifteen inches thank, composed of plates and forged There are substantial reasons for believing that the Dictator will prove a dictator.

New York Markets.

Gold closed in New York on Saturday at 130½ @131, and exchange at 141. The Herald says:

‘ The decline in gold and sterling exchange Saturday had a depressing influence on produce generally, and prices for most descriptions were either lower or at a pause. The cotton market was less active, and prices favored purchasers, while sales were continued to about 300 bales, chiefly on the basic of 60 for middling uplands. The flour market was heavy, and prices declined from 1 c @ 25 per bbl, and in some cases, especially of common grades of State and Western, as much as 30c, per bbl was reported, while sates were light and continued mutely to the home trade. Wheat was heavy, lower and less active, and closed at a destine of 1c @ 5 per bushel. Corn was scarce, especially good Western mixed, which was firmer and higher, and closed at 68c @ 70c, with tolerably free salted Pork was in fair demand, while prices were lower. Sales of me were made at $3.25@$13.37½ and of prime at $12. 12½ @$12.25. Sugars were quiet and prices unchanged. Sales were con to 3 5 huds., including Cuba refining goods at @ with a small lot of plain New Orleans at 9 ½ 50 bbls. New Orleans molasses sold Coffee was firm, but quiet. Freights in American vessels were unchanged, while engagements were fair. In central vessels rates were steady, with moderate engagements.


Lewis Welzel, a member of the Western Virginia Legislature, and editor of the Point Pressant Register, was by John Hall President of the Western Virginia Constitutional Convention, at Point Pleasant, Virginia, on the 23d inst. An off article and appeared in the Register against Mr.

During a gale on the 21 inst. two barges, composing the tow of the steamboat Ethan Allen, on Lake complain, parted their hawsers, and sunk off Point of Rocks, carrying down five men. A number of other vessels had their dock loads swept off.

In consequence of the frequent firing by ‘"partisan ranger."’ upon unarmed steamers between Cairo and Helena, Gen. Sherman proposes that prominent Secessionists shall accompany the pilots on each steamer, who will take their chances of being shot.

John Van Buren in accepting the invitation to speak at home on Friday, telegraphed as follows;

I will attend meeting at Rome, on Friday, at two o'clock--it not in Fort Lafayette.

‘"Jno. Van Buren."’

General Jeff C. Davis was assigned to the military command of the for locations opposite Cincinnati on the 23d inst.

Judge ar michael, of Maryland, has been released from Fort Delaware, and will hold court in his district during the approaching sessions.

Senator Prarce, of Maryland, is slightly improving in health.

Seven physicians were drafted in Adams county, Pennsylvania.

The state of New York still lacks 42,647 of completing her quota by draft.

General Wool has announced that no more passes will be granted to visit Fort Mellenry.

Snow fell in Burlington, Vermont, on the 221 last.

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