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Further from the North.

We have received the New York Herald, of March 28th --triple sheet — which the Herald says it "will probably have to continue constantly," because of "the unexampled and continually increasing prosperity of the country." "The exigencies of our position, as the leading political journal, would otherwise preclude the possibility of our keeping pace with what is expected of us." "At the present moment we occupy, as to circulation and advertising, a position as far in advance of the London Times as that journal is in advance of all its European contemporaries"--all owing to the Herald's "independent course"

The rebel accounts of affairs in the Southwest conflict somewhat with ours, says the Herald

The Natchez Courier says the Hartford, with Farragut on board, anchored in front of that city on the afternoon of the 16th and sent a small boat with a flag of truce on shore, with a note addressed to the Mayor, stating that if the U. S. gunboats were fired upon by the people of Natchez, or by guerillas, he would bombard the city. The Hartford remained all night, and left with the Monongahela in the morning.

The Herald quotes in full, with many italics, the Richmond Sentinels account of the situation in the Southwest and the Enquirer's "impressive article" on the Northwest. It also asserts that "the rebel papers state that General Longstreet is rapidly advancing into Kentucky. The rebel force now in the State under General Pogram is believed to be about 6,000. Clarke's guerillas still hover around Mount Skirring. Over 100 men have been captured since Sunday. The Union wagon trains, stores, and camp equipage, from Danville and Richmond, have reached Lexington in safety. The rebels were reported to have retreated from Danville, but later intelligence proves the report untrue."

A deserter from the 71st Indiana Volunteers, who returned from the enemy's lines as a spy, was shot at Indianapolis on Friday, by sentence of court-martial.

Two gentlemen--one a legislator, and the other the Second Auditor — were arrested there for cheering for Jeff Davis.

The British steamship Nicholas I. was captured off. Wilmington, N. C. while trying to run the blockade having previously attempted to enter Charleston. She had 16 tons of gunpowder and 170 cases of rifles.

The Herald publishes an account of the forts in Texas on the banks of the Rio Grande, the loyal character of a large portion of the people, the collisions between them and the rebel troops, and the efforts to raise loyal Texans to drive the rebels from their positions on the Rio Grande. Also particulars of the immense trade carried on by the Rebel Government through Mexico with European States. Re-occupation and seizure of cotton by Union troops is recommended.

The ship Prince of Wales reports that she was brought to by the Alabama, on Feb. 23, in latitude 30, longitude 44 west. The Alabama reported that she had destroyed 34 North American vessels during her cruise.

In the New York Legislature the Assembly passed a Gold bill, making it illegal for the Banks or individuals to loan on deposits of gold to an amount greater than the gold deposited.

William Thompson, master of the rebel schooner David Crockett, captured while running the blockade at Galveston, Texas, was released Friday from Fort Lafayette.

Marsey's (Dem.) majority in the First District of New Hampshire for Congress was 80.

The Legislature of Missouri has adjourned sine die without filling the two vacant seats in the U. S. Senate. The law was passed in reference to emancipation.

Gold fluctuated between 139 and 142, and closed at 141½ bld. The Herald says it is very encouraging to see the present improvement in public confidence. But it is well to remind the people that the war is not over yet — the first indication of a disposition to make peace has not yet been manifested at the South--we have won no victories since gold was selling at 173--and though the people are lending the Government about two millions a day, the necessities of the Treasury and the falling due of debt certificates compel Mr. Chase to use not only call this money, but about one million of new paper money besides, which the Bank Note Companies are daily producing.

Exchange sold at 153, 154, and closed at 155.

Stocks opened irregular and panicky, but rallied and were strong at an advance.

Middling cotton ranged from 58 to 62½ cents.

A Washington correspondent thus telegraphs:

‘ A specific offer of a loan of one budged millions in gold was made to the Secretary of the Treasury, by a leading house at Amsterdam, in exchange for U. S. 6 per cent bonds at the current premium at the time of the draft of any portion of the amount.

’ The subscriptions for 5.20 bonds yesterday were $1,760,000.

It is urged that the Home Guard of Kentucky be increased to 20,000 men, to be officered by the Government, and subject to the order of the President. Mr. Guthrie states that a number of young men may be partially lost to the Union cause if the rebels again succeed in advancing to the Ohio river.

More troops should be called for. The rebels are massing great armies for desperate efforts. Meantime it is known the ultra Abolition faction are urging that there is danger that the rebellion may be so soon suppressed that slavery may not get its fatal blow. Shoddy people endorse this idea also.

A number of Indian Chiefs had called on the President.

The Army of the Potomac is in splendid condition. Hooker has it "well in hand." "This sense of a strong hand at the head was the one thing that the army needed, and this one thing has made it a magnificent army; and I may surely tell you to expect a great success when the time for movement comes" Gov. Curtin, of Pennsylvania, has visited all the Pennsylvania troops, and testifies in like manner.

A Stafford Court House correspondent, of March 25th, says 40 rebels, disguised as civilians, were discovered yesterday hovering near our lines, and were captured. They were nearly all armed with revolvers, but it is not known whether they were regular Confederate soldiers.

A dispatch from Chattanooga, March 23d, says:

Morgan had a fight at Auburn, Cancan county, Tenn., Friday, with an overwhelming force of the enemy. He fought gallantly, and killed and wounded a number of the enemy, but was at last forced to retire.

’ It is reported that Lincoln will visit New York shortly. The Herald promises him great enjoyment.

The Herald has obtained a copy of the Confederate Navy Register and publishes it in full, with a long article on "the Rebel Navy in Buckram."It asks "where are the ships? Echo answers where?" [The exploits of the Alabama and Florida and Retribution have schemed through Yankeedom.]

We published yesterday a brief allusion to the arrest of Col. Talcott in New York city, on the 27th ult. The following are the particulars, as obtained from the Herald of the 28th of March:

The War Department received information on Thursday week that Col. Talcett, Chief Engineer of the rebel defences at Yorktown, constructor of Fort Darling, and late Superintendent of the Tredegar Works at Richmond, would arrive in this city on Saturday. Officers were at once detailed by U. S. Marshal Murray to look after him, and it was ascertained that he had taken rooms with his wife and daughter at No. 144 West Twenty fourth st. He left his house at 5 o'clock yesterday morning, in company with his daughter, and was followed by the officers, who were directed to arrest him as soon as they parted. This occurred about noon, near Barnum's Museum.

He was at once taken before Gen. Wool, who made an examination of the prisoner, and then transferred him to Fort Lafayette, in custody of deputies Dwyer and Young the officers who had arrested him. Two other officers searched his baggage, and found several papers; among them was a pass from the Confederate States of America, passing himself, wife and daughter beyond the rebel lines, and ordering the military authorities to aid and assist him with all force at their command, if necessary. He traveled North by the way of Mexico, and has been a long time making his way from Richmond, Va.

Col. Talcott is upwards of 60 years of age, has a fine military bearing, and is possessed of a high order of talent as an engineer. His wife, on learning of his arrest, was suddenly stricken with partial paralysis, although the news was broken to her as quietly as possible. The family were about leaving for Europe.

From Europe.

The Bohemian, from Londonderry, on the 13th arrived at Portland Friday. News one day later. Console closed in London on 13th at 91½ for money American securities were fewer.

The Liverpool cotton market closed firm on the 13th at previous rates. Breadstuffs quiet. Provisions dull.

Poland.--Langlewitz had assumed the dictator ship of Poland. He issued a stirring and liberty inspiring address to his countrymen of all the provinces, with predacious effect. He is hopeful of the issue. The Czar of Russia, in reply to Napoleon's letter, refused to make any concessions to Poland before the insurgents had surrendered unconditionally.

It is said the reduction of discount of the Bank of France was caused by a considerable influx of gold from America.

The British Government have officially endeavored to induce Ring of Dahomey to abolish the right of "human sacrifices" He replied that if he did so he would be poisoned by his subjects; but if at all possible he would do so.

The Prince of Wales and his wife remained at Osborne, on the Isle of Wight. During the illuminations in London some seven persons lost their lives, and over one hundred others had limbs broken. The crowd was unusually large, and the confusion very great.

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