The steamship Europa
, from Liverpool
on the 18th ult., via Queenstown
on the 19th, arrived at New York on the 30th ult. The following is a summary of her news:
On the 16th instant a deputation of shippers and merchants interested in the Mexican
trade waited on Earl Russell.
The importance of the interview was considerably enhanced by an announcement being made during its progress that while the United States Government have been seizing British vessels bound to Matamoras
without any contraband of war being on board of them, Mr. Adams
has been giving a special license for a ship to proceed from England
, free from any interference by American cruisers, to carry supplies, which are stated to consist of arms and ammunition for the Mexicans in their war with France
It was also shown that the interference of the Federal
cruisers with the Mexican
trade had the effect of enabling the Americans
to establish a monopoly.
The immediate object of the deputation was to elicit from the Government
some assurance of protection for the steamer Sea Queen
, which is detained at Falmouth
waiting the decision of the Government
A suggestion was made for the Government
to send a mail agent in the ship who would represent an official guarantee that she was bound to the port for which she cleared.
Earl Russell promised to consider the proposal.
He expressed much surprise on hearing of the detention of officers and supercargoes on board the Peterhoff
, they not being criminals nor subject to criminal laws.
A policy of insurance was attempted to be effected at Lloyds
on the 16th, the vessel being furnished with certificates from Minister Adams
, addressed to Admiral Dupont
, dated from the United States
, and stating that Messrs. Howell
& Tidman had furnished Mr. Adams
with evidence that the vessel was really bound to Matamoras
with a cargo for the Mexicans, and he therefore cheerfully gave them certificates at their request.
has transferred the policy of the Mexican
land frontier to English ports of shipment by a system of passes for English goods and merchandize, without which they are not to reach the Mexican coast
The safeguard he has granted evidently has a money value, since it was produced at Lloyds
in order to obtain insurance.
If it was likely to reduce the premium it gave shippers an unfair advantage over all firms to which Mr. Adams
, from caprice or misinformation, might refuse his pass.
But the commerce of England
will not accept exemption that gives it freedom of action on an American ticket of leave.
All the coast of Mexico
is neutral territory, and by no right can one of its ports be blockaded.
In continuing our commercial intercourse with Mexico
, we deny even the liability to any detention or interruption.
The traffic is legitimate and cannot be carried on in the fetters of permits and certificates from the United States
legation.--English merchants cannot go as suppliants to foreign ministers for licenses to transact business.
The whole proceeding is monstrous, whether as a calculation or a blunder."
city article gives further particulars of the affair.
"The gentlemen named in the pass by Mr. Adams
are Mr. Howell
, an American contractor, and Gen. Zirman
, of the Mexican
army; and it was the agents of these who attempted to effect the insurance.
in a letter said he granted the certificates on account of the creditable object in view.
That object was to ship arms and ammunition for the Mexicans in the war against France
The insurance proposed was £80,000 on the arms and £30,000 on the ship's freight."
felt so chagrined at the publication of his letter to the Federal Admiral
that he visited the city to censure the indiscretion of the parties who gave it publicity."
The Daily News
"There can be no doubt that the irritation between England
and the United States
is gradually increasing.
There are unquestionably faults on both sides.
But, except in the case of the Alabama
, it is impossible to point to any one act which offers just ground of complaint.
is no doubt determined to do all he can to prevent another Alabama
But unless his efforts are supported by public opinion they will be unavailing.
And certainly unless the temper of the country alters, it is difficult to see how it can be avoided."
In the House of Commons, on the 16th, Mr. Horsfall
gave notice of his intention to call attention to the seizure of the gunboat Alexandria
Lord R. Cecil
asked if it was true that spies had been sent to Liverpool
to watch the dockyards and the Confederate
Sir G. Grey
denied that any spies had been employed by the Government
The facts were these: Earl Russell had received a letter from the American Minister
containing various allegations in reference to the infringement of the foreign enlistments act at Liverpool
had consequently been requested to make inquiries; but no suggestion had been made as to the manner in which such inquiries should be made.
He was afterwards informed that the head constable
had made inquiries, and that neither the Mayor
nor the Watch Committee
had raised any objection.
In the House of Commons on the 17th inst., Mr. Cobden
gave notice of the following motion, to follow Mr. Horsfall
's, which is to come up on the 24th, in reference to the seizure of the Alexandria
"To invite the attention of the House
, from motives of national self-interest and obligations of implied international engagements, by which the British Government
is called upon for a vigilant and rigid enforcement of the provisions of the foreign enlistment act, which forbids the furnishing of ships of war to a belligerent power, to be employed against another power with which this country is at peace."
The Daily News
says there is an impression that the Confederate Government cotton warrants are in circulation in England
; but it is announced that such of these documents as were created previous to the Confederate
loan have been reduced through the medium of that operation.
had addressed an autograph letter to the Queen
in rather pressing terms on behalf of the imprisoned Protestants.
The following paragraph appeared in the Moniteur,
and it has attracted considerable attention:
"The growing hostility of the United States
is exciting uneasiness in London
The last dispatches from the Washington Government
have a character of increasing irritation."
The London Times
is very bitter on the letter of the American Minister
, Mr. Adams
, to Admiral Dupont
, exempting a certain ship for Mexico
, and calls it an arrogant assumption.
It says there has been nothing equal to it since Papish bulls were issued from Rome
overriding the laws of England
It adds: ‘"The exercise of the slightest authority by foreign Ministers in England
is not to be permitted for one moment after the assumption of power either condemning or absolving is made known."’