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From the North.

The fact day in New York.

In response to Lincoln's proclamation, Thursday last, the 30th ult, was very generally observed in New York city as a day of prayer and fasting. The public offices were entirely closed, business generally suspended, and services were generally held in the churches. We give below the concluding portion of Henry Ward Beecher's sermon:

‘ I must speak to you of the slave. He is my brother. I claim the right, in the name of the Lord God, to call him my brother. His tears are my drink, his wrong my injury. If he had been held to regulated labor for reasons of political economy, I might have said that was wrong; if he had simply been held to abstemious diet I might have said that was wrong. But my brother who wears a sable skin has not been permitted to call himself a man. In every State the Legislature has expressly taken away from him that title, and all the States in the South rise up against him and manhood, and declare that he is only a chattel. Talk about abuse of the slave system — it is not in the power of fiendish human ingenuity to abuse it. When the law begins by saying that the slave is no longer a man, how are you going to take four millions of men and carry out the practical system to the full meaning of the law? What would have become of Fred Douglass if he had still lived in the South?--a noble man. [Applause] Where do you find more generosity, more magnanimity, more Christian patience — a soul that reaches out with yearning sorrow toward his own people, and is so gentle and forgiving toward the oppressors — where more wit, more penetration, more eloquence? If he had simply lived as he was born in the South not one thought, not one single element of humanity would have been permitted to grow in his soul.--I have never spoken strong enough of slavery. I may be thought to have sins on the other side. ["No, no"] But more than all, I am hurt in my soul that religion has been corrupted by slavery. I am sorry for the poor outcasts in New York. I never pass a draggled woman that I do not feel that if she might be saved I could die for her. I never see thieves without having the feeling of pity stronger than anything else. They must be restrained, they must be punished; but they deserve more of pity. I never see men surprised by violent passions that I do not remember that they are of the same bone and flesh, and that I am liable to the same things, and temper judgment with compassion. But there is one place where I am void of compassion — that is, when I see men using the office of ministers to try to convince men that it is right to hold men in slavery. They plead the work of God itself for the destruction of God's image. They have taken the blood of atonement that they might sanctify the selling of men over to the devil. The times are going to try us. I tremble when I think of the nation; I know not what shall befall us if we separate. I have no longer any prophecies.--It we remain united, and by force of arms, I know not whether I could trust the people to adjudicate the questions that would come before them. But sure I am, that if this people are true and strong there will come emancipation and liberty, and there shall be reconstructed a foundation of government that shall never be moved.

’ The following extract from the sermon of the Rev. Dr. Bellows is the only allusion which-he made to the war:

Dr. Bellows proceeded to show the utter impossibility of success to the South, how delay was their ruin, and how victories could only weaken and finally exhaust them. The time of real danger to the Government had passed. Our sole danger was that the rebellion would succeed at once. After one year it was only a question of time as to when it should finally yield to the superior power of the North. The great necessity is a willingness on the part of the loyal people to throw out of the calculation the element of time.--They must determine to prosecute the war until final and complete success is reached — be it one year, or five years, or ten, or for our national lives. The moment the people abandon every idea but this, we shall remove the obstacle to a speedy and successful result. It is a more sum in moral and mental arithmetic.--It does not even depend upon victories. To wait for us is to conquer.

"starving the South."

The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher has published a letter in the New York Independent, in which he uses the following language with reference to the probability of starving the South into submission to Yankee tyranny:

‘ We see no substantial evidence that the South is yet discouraged. What legislature, convention, or influential man even, has uttered a desponding word? The spirit of the people is not broken. With a few exceptions, the intelligent prisoners who are taken hold one language, and that is of firm, resolute, bitter determination to resist to the uttermost. Nor can we learn that those who stay at home, and who suffer great deprivations, are weary or discouraged. Even when hunger drives women to riot and violence, it is remarkable that they demand "bread," but never "peace!" Indeed, we are free to say that we cannot repress our admiration of the conduct of the Southern people in this terrible struggle. It needs only a worthy cause to be regarded as heroic. They seek to establish a detestable system of slavery. They seek for that end the overthrow of a beneficent Government. Their cause is as bad as it can well be. Nevertheless, they have given up all things for what they regard as their country. They have relinquished luxuries, submitted to hardships, suffered bereavements and losses, not only without murmuring, but eagerly; and after two years of trials that may be said almost to have revolutionized the interior of Southern society, and reduced them to the minimum of comfort, they are undiscouraged. They are even more fierce and bitter than ever.

The prospect of starving rebellion does not seem very cheering. The summers of the South come round too quick. Men that could march as Jackson's army did into Maryland, almost without a commissariat, and eating green corn for rations, plucked from the field for each day's use, are not likely to starve on corn meal and green herbs. Already early garden crops are coming into Southern markets. We don't object to a fair share of starvation as a part of military necessity, but we confess to not a little-shame when we hear men taking it for granted that the North is playing a trencher game, and does by knife and fork what it cannot do with the sword!

A Doubtful story.

From a letter written by a Federal surgeon to a lady in Sandusky, Ohio, and which was published in the Register, of that place, we extract the following rather hard story:

‘ While we were out on this last trip I dressed the wounds of a soldier (72d Indians) who had been taken prisoner with a comrade.--After tying them both up to a tree with their hands behind them, a captain deliberately shot them both — killing the other man on the spot. After shooting the one I saw, once through the face and once through the neck, so that I cut the ball out just below the bend of the law on the opposite side; untying him, they still found he had life in him, when the fiend shot him again in the back of the head while he lay writhing on the ground, the ball entering just at the base of the ear and coming out at the left eye, completely destroying it.

And yet with all these wounds in the head, neck and face, that man got up and wandered around until he came across our brigade, and so felt into my hands.

Gen. Stanley's cavalry, which were out with us, had taken a lot of prisoners, and soon as Gen. Stanley heard of the outrage he sent word to me to have the wounded man brought up to his headquarters; the next morning he had him placed on the porch, and compelled all these prisoners to come up and confront him seperately, telling him that if he could recognize any one as among the miscreants who had wounded him, there would be another shooting match on the other side of the house. But the wounded man shock his head and said there were none of his persecutors among the lot. I sent him to the hospital and hear since that there is some chance of his recovery.

New fork items.

The following items we glean from New York papers of the 1st inst.:

‘ There is quite a fleet of French men-of-war in port, among them Le Guerrierre, Com- mander Le Peyrouse; Le Caticet, gunboat; Le Renaudin. gunboat; Le Berthelist, and Le Seine. This last vessel is about to leave for France in a few days, and the others for the Gulf of Mexico. The presence of more than one vessel of a foreign power in the barbor at a time is a violation of a law of the State, one of those laws, however, that it is not always expedient to enforce.

Annie Donnelly was taken in charge by the police this afternoon under the following circumstances: She has resided in one of the interior counties of this State for some time past. Being in but poor health, her physician advised her to take a sea voyage. Not having the means with which to pay her passage, Annie resolved to ship as a cabin boy. She accordingly procured a sailor's suit, and coming to New York, accepted a situation on board a vessel for Liverpool. Not having any money to pay her board at the place where she had been stopping, however, she was compelled to reveal her sex. Information was at once given to the police. She will be sent home.

Extensive preparations are making for the reception of our returning troops. No fewer than thirty-eight regiments will be mustered out of the service between now and July 4th.

One Peter Hickey brought an action against the Long Island Railroad Company yesterday to recover damages for the loss of an arm, owing to the negligence of their employees. The jury this afternoon returned a verdict in his favor for $500.

John Van Buren on the next Presidency.

In a speech at the Union League meeting, in New York, John Van Buren said:

‘ I do not think it to be a criminal offence to be thinking about who shall be the next President of the United States. I believe the next President will be a Democrat. I think so because the great masses of the people are rather that way, and the Democrats are rather more familiar with the administration of the Government, and more clever, in my judgment, in the exercise of power than their opponents. But I doubt if the next President will be the candidate of the Democratic party I do not believe that any party organization will succeed as in the past.

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