previous next

From Mississippi.

The accounts received from Vicksburg and the country adjacent, come to us in a shape so unintelligible that it is exceedingly difficult to form anything like a correct idea of the real condition of affairs in that department. The fight preceding the fall of Jackson commenced at an early hour on Thursday, the 14th inst., at a point some eight miles Southwest of the city, and was continued nearly the whole day. Our troops, numbering not more than 9,000 men, were commanded by Gen. Johnston, and the enemy's force, amounting to between 20,000 and 30,000, was commanded by Gen. Grant. Overcome by superior numbers, our forces fell back on Canton, 25 miles due North of Jackson, situated on the wagon road connecting thence by Vaiden with the road running due East to the Yazoo river, and leading directly to Vicksburg, some 70 miles from Jackson by this route.

Gen. Johnston's arrival at Jackson (which occurred on the day previous to the fight) left him no time to organize and prepare for the fight, so early precipitated upon him, and his stubborn and well-contested resistance was doubtless made under many and serious disadvantages. On Friday, the day subsequent to the fight, the enemy's cavalry advanced as far as Brandon, 20 miles this side of Jackson, on the Southern railroad, near which point official statements represent we had a force for its protection.

Another, and perhaps more obstinate, engagement took place on Saturday, (Gen. Johnston in his dispatch says Friday,) near Edwards's Depot, in which, to use the language of the dispatch, "We whipped the enemy badly until he was reinforced from Jackson; Gen'l Pemberton then fell back to Big Black bridge." It will be remembered that Gen. Johnston's dispatch stated that Gen. Pemberton, after nine hours hard fighting, was compelled to fall back over the Big Black, but the statement above, from the Adjutant of a regiment engaged in the battle, justifies the inference that he did not cross the river, but halted his forces at the bridge, where it is possible he may be able to make a successful stand.

From this information we should therefore conclude that Gen. Pemberton is still on the east side of the Big Black, with the bridge undestroyed, over which, if compelled to do so, he can cross to the west side of the river and destroy the bridge after him. This would seem to place him in no very hazardous position, particularly as we are assured that Vicksburg is well supplied with provisions.

The dispatch of Gen. Johnston is dated Monday, May 18th, at camp between Brownsville and Livingston. Brownsville is a village in Hinds county, twenty miles northwest of Jackson, and Livingston is a village in Madison county, twenty miles north by west from Jackson. Edwards's Depot, where the battle of Saturday was fought, is on the Vicksburg and Jackson Railroad from twenty-two to twenty-five miles west of Jackson, and nearly midway between the latter point and Vicksburg.

The mention made of Gen. Loring's position in the dispatch published yesterday is difficult to understand. It says he was "on the left, (which we understand to be in the line of battle of Saturday,) was cut off, but cut his way through to Crystal Springs, twenty-five miles south of Jackson." What his loss was is unknown, or what damage he inflicted upon the enemy in forcing their lines is not stated.

Fully to understand the exact position, we must be content to wait further accounts, which may reach us at any moment. In the meantime, as we have before stated, we see nothing to encourage the belief that our fortunes are at all desperate in that quarter, and, under the skillful direction of Gen. Johnston, we have abundant reason to hope that the defence of Vicksburg will not only be successful, but triumphant.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Johnston (6)
Pemberton (3)
Jackson (3)
Livingston (2)
Vaiden (1)
Loring (1)
Grant (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
May 18th (1)
14th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: