The Yankee martial Code.
That Yankee Grotius, Francis Lieber
, has been enlightening the world upon the laws of war, as will be seen by reference to another column.
Among other things, he tells us that slaves are property only by virtue of the municipal law, and that if they escape during war to the belligerent opposed to their masters they become free:
"Therefore, in a war between the United States
and a belligerent which admits of slavery, if a person held in bondage by that belligerent be captured by or come as a fugitive under the protection of the military forces of the United States
, such person is immediately entitled to the rights and privileges of a freeman."
So, after all, the Confederacy
is a belligerent power, is it?
How long has it been since Yankee-doodle threatened to pitch into John Bull
for acknowledging us as belligerents?