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Latest from the North.

General Lee fallen back to Hagertown.--Romhasti Description of Meade's pursuit — a Proclamation from Lincoln, etc.

The Baltimore American, of the evening of the 6th, has been received. This is the most monstrous liar of the whole collection of Yankee papers. In the account given below it exceeds itself. The reader, by comparing this with the Confederate accounts published elsewhere in this paper will readily see that it is little more than a tissue of falsehood.

The retreat of Lee.

We publish this afternoon a number of important dispatches farm the Army of the Potomac in relation to the rebel retreat. It seems that Gen. Lee. after the terrible repulse of his army on Friday, found the army of Gen. Couch and the late forces of Gen. Milroy in his rear, disputing not only his passage to the fords at Williamsport, but also to the upper fords in the vicinity of Hancock.--He consequently was compelled to retreat on the roads through Smithsburg and Creagerstown, probably towards the South Mountain. He will there find to dispute his further progress to-day, Gen. French's force, a portion of Gen. Heintzelman's troops, and considerable reinforcements from Schenck's department.--Gen. Meade is also in close pursuit, and will reach Frederick this afternoon. The water in the Potomac is too high to ford with cannon or wagons, and it is more than probable that such portion of his army as escapes will be little more than a disorganized rabble.


Just as we go to press we learn that the rebel retreat is towards Williamsport through. Hagerstown, by several roads, and that Frederick, and the South Mountain are held by a large Federal force. There is a probability of another battle at or near Antietam.

The Latest.

The following was obtained Monday morning from the Headquarters in Baltimore:

Advices from the army up to 2 P. M. on Sunday, July 5, state that Gen. Meade's headquarters would be at Creagerstown last night, and were to be in Frederick to day.

Gen. Meade has telegraphed that Lee's army is retreating in wild confusion. Every available man in Baltimore and Washington is being hurried to Frederick to intercept Lee's flying and demoralized troops. A great battle will probably come off to-morrow, which will doubtless be a finality, as Gen. Meade's forces, reinforced by Generals Couch, Schenck, and Heintzelman, will be nearly double Lee's army.

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, July 6 The rebel General Perier is wounded, Gens. Johnston and Kemper are killed. General Farnsworth, of our cavalry, is killed. The rebel losses are estimated at 20,000. Our troops in excellent spirits.

Gen. Butterfield's wound is more severe than supposed, but not serious.

The rebels abandoned their wounded and killed.

[Lincoln has issued a tory address to the country, and the American is jubilant at the narrow escape which Baltimore has made from the hands of the rebels]

Latest from the battle field.

From parties who left the battle field at 12 o'clock on Saturday morning we gather the following particulars of the flight of the enemy:

The enemy is in full retreat, demoralized and almost disorganized, leaving in our hands his many thousands is of killed and wounded.

The battle of Friday was the most terrible to the enemy of the three days conflict, and his so complete and disastrous that Gen. Meads and The leading officers pronounced it to be final and decisive.

Never was there a more vigorous and deadly assault than that made on our centre by Longstreet. It was a deadly struggle on the part of the enemy to break our lines, repeated and renewed a half dozen times during the afternoon, in which they were so often repulsed and driven back with a loss of life unparalleled by any previous battle in which they had come in conflict with the grand old Army of the Potomac.

Officers who have been taken prisoners admit that the loss of the enemy of those in high command is fully equal it not greater than we have sustained, but refuse to give the names of those who have fallen.

The men all felt that they had whipped the enemy, and the joy was great. The shouts of victory could be heard for many miles when the enemy retreated and was kept up to a date hour of the night. A shout in one division was re-echoed from the next and so went the rounds of the field, and was renewed as free's evidence of victory reached them.

During the evening a flag of trace arrived from Gen. Lee, proposing, in his hypocritical manner, a trace of forty-eight hours, as a measure of humanity to afford time to bury the dead and attend to the wounded.

It was evident that the enemy must at once retreat, and the proposition was regarded by Gen. Meade as a mere ruse to obtain time to push forward his trains towards the river and secure a line of escape. The proposition was promptly rejected, and immediately ordered on the town of Gettysburg.

The enemy slowly retreated before our cavalry and infantry, and by midnight we were in full possession of the town and the battle field without opposition. During the night scouts arrived reporting that the enemy was rapidly retreating by the Greencastle road towards Hagerstown, and preparations were at once made for a pursuit at daylights. Cavalry were also sent out to harass the enemy, and at daylight a vigorous attack was made on the enemy's rear guard, which in vain attempted to check the pursuit of the fleeing army.

The distance from Gettysburg to the Potomac is fully forty miles, and wish the assistance of Gen French and the old garrison at Harper's Ferry, numbering about 15,000 men, including most of the Maryland regiments, who are understood to be properly posted to check his flight, we have strong hopes of being able to so operate on the fleeing rebel column as to send it across the Potomac a demoralized and disorganized mob.

Major-General Hancock is considered as the great hero of Friday's battle. His corps met the terrible assaults of the enemy without flinching, and though they lost heavily it fought nobly. When he fell severely wounded, the effect on his men was to give them renewed determination to conquer, and when they learned that their wounded commander was still watching them and directing their movements, they fought like demons and drove back the enemy, when he renewed the assault with the vigor of fresh troops, sending him back to his lines in such a crippled condition that all attempts to rally them again was futile.

Up to 12 o'clock on Saturday night the sounds of cannon could be heard in the distance, as our pursuing columns attacked the enemy's rear, and thousands of prisoners and straggling rebels are coming towards Gettysburg, with captured wagons and cannon. In short, there was every evidence that our victory was as decisive as it was glorious — that the enemy was in disorganized flight, getting back to Virginia as rapidly as his worn out limbs and shattered horse flesh would carry him. Whether he will make another stand on the road is yet to be ascertained.

The advance of Gen. Couch from Harrisburg was expected to be at Chambersburg on Saturday, close enough to join in punishing the well whipped rebels on their way to the river.

In the town of Gettysburg, when we drove the enemy out of it on Friday night, we recaptured a large number of Federal prisoners reported by some as high as fifteen hundred, many of whom were wounded. There were also several thousand wounded rebels, every house being filled with them.

City of Mexico occupied by Gen. Forty.

New York, July 5.
--The steamer Roanoke from Havana has arrived. Vera Cruz advices to the 16th ult state that the French army occupied the city of Mexico on the 3d ultimo, and General Forey took possession on the 10th.

Juarez had retired to San Luis Potosi, and a French Division had been sent against that place. Forey was received with great enthusiasm. A French Marquis, who was wounded at Paebl, goes to Paris with the keys of the City of Mexico. Thirteen hundred prisoners, mostly Mexican officers, are about to be sent to France.

Commodore Wlikes arrived per Roanoke.

Com Lardmer has arrived at St. Thomas

The West India q is reported in a crippled condition, owing to defective boilers, etc.

The steamers Charleston, Sirus, Banshee, Lizzie, and Fannie, had arrived at Nassau from Wilmington.

The Flora, Calypso, and Ruby, are reported captured.

The steamers Danube and Hebe are at Nassau, bound to a Southern port.

From Vicksburg.

The American has Vicksburg advices to July 2d. The condition of affairs was unchanged, but Gen. Johnston was reported to be seriously threatening the enemy's rear.

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