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The latest from the North.

We have received Baltimore papers to the 10th inst., through the kindness of a friend. The following is a summary of the news, as made by the Baltimore News Sheet.

In the Senate of the United States a bill was reported from the Committee on Military Affairs, to provide for receiving Negroes into the military service of the United States, and declaring all such as were slaves to be thereafter free, any law, usage, or custom, to the contrary notwithstanding. The bill to amend the law calling out the militia by providing for drafting, in case it becomes necessary hereafter, was called up and debated. An amendment was introduced to include Negroes, and giving the President power to organize them into battalions, regiments, brigades, and divisions, according to race or color, as the public interest may require. The discussion was continued up to the hour of adjournment.

In the House of Representatives, an act, supplementary to the bill manumiting the slaves in the District of Columbia, was called up and forced through the Senate under the pressure of the previous question. The supplementary set allows slaves of persons who neglect to file the necessary papers to present their own statements in behalf of their freedom, and also declares free all slaves from other States who, since April last, have been employed within the limits of the Districts or who shall be hereafter employed.

Of news, properly so called, there is very little to record, and that little is of the cloudiest and most unsatisfactory kind. A portion of Burnside's command is reported, on doubtful authority, to have reached Fortress Monroe on its way to reinforce McClellan.

Additional troops from other quarters are also said to have reached him, and it is intimated that still heavier forces are on their way to join him. In the meantime, however, some movements are making on the west bank of the James river, which seem to indicate an intention on the part of the Confederates either to blockade the river or to seriously interfere with the movement of transports laden with supplies for the use of the army. According to the correspondent of the New York Times, several batterie have already been planted below Harrison's Landing, on the opposite side of the river, one of which fired into the mail-boat Juniata, killed two men on board and wounded six, and so damaged the vessel that she was obliged to be run ashore to avoid being sunk.

A telegram from Cairo furnishes some particulars in regard to the condition of affairs in the Southwest. The Grenada (Mississippi) Appeal is quoted as stating that a large number of Confederate troops have left Tupelo for Water Valley, some forty miles from Holly Springs. The division commanded by Gen. J. C. Breckinridge is said to have gone to Vicksburg and a considerable force of Mississippi troops to Richmond. Only about three thousand Confederates are reported as remaining at Grenada, from which place nearly all the Government stores had been removed.

General Hindman has issued a proclamation addressed to the people of Arkansas, exhorting them to annoy the enemy in every possible way. ‘"If the people do their part,"’ he says, ‘"the troops will do the rest."’ General Curtis is said to have abandoned all idea of attempting any further offensive operations in Arkansas. One account has it that he is hard pressed; that no relief has reached him, and that the whole country bordering on White river is up in arms. Another statement is that he has succeeded in crossing the Black river, and is moving towards the Mississippi.

Vicksburg is not yet taken. Porter's mortar fleet is still engaged in bombarding the city, which is said to have sustained considerable damage; but the Confederates appear determined to resist the landing of troops, even if the batterie should be silenced — some ten thousand Confederates, under Gen. Van Dorn, being encamped on the high bluffs four miles below. We have already chronicled the fact that a part of the gunboats had succeeded in running the gauntlet of the batteries, but not, according to the official report, without suffering some damage and a loss of fifteen killed and thirty wounded.

The Cincinnati Enquirer declares the dispatch which purported to come from General Halleck announcing that the White river was open to navigation for one hundred and seventy miles and Governor Rector a fugitive, to be a forgery.

Secretary Stanton is reported to have said that the call for three hundred thousand additional troops has been responded to much more promptly than the Government had anticipated. On the other hand, the New York World declares that the ‘"call"’ has not yet kindled the first flush of enthusiasm; that ‘"distrust weights like a pall, "’ and that ‘"a sullen gloom is settling on every heart. The people are coldly motionless."’ The New York Tribune rejoices in the gratifying belief that conception of ineffable stupidity, the great Union anaconda, in defunct. After recapitulating the series of reverses which the ‘"anaconda"’ has occasioned the Tribune anathematizes that military repute as ‘"a blunder, a humbug, and a nuisance."’

The N. York World in of opinion that an additional hundred thousand, if they could be brought into the field in twenty days would throttle the rebellion; but both the World and the Philadelphia Press concur in stating that recruiting for the new levy. goes on very slowly. The Press says:

‘ "there seems to be a withholding of support on the part of the public journals. There is not that unity of effort among newspapers throughout the North which yielded such gratifying fruits a year ago."

’ Under these circumstances, it is intimated that drafting may have to be resorted to for the purpose of meeting the exigences of the Government. In financial circles there is, moreover, great excitement. Stocks and public securities are becoming seriously unsettled. Gold advanced yesterday to seventeen and a half per cent., and the rate for bills of Exchange on Europe went up proportionably. The news from Europe may possibly have had something to do with this extraordinary monetary perturbation.--The English journals are strenuously urging upon the Government the necessity of taking some steps that might tend to put a speedy end to the war.

Late and important.
[from the New York times, July 9.

Arrival of Gen. Burnside at Fortress Monroe.--Reinforcements for General McClellan--Confederate Battlefield, Erected on James River.--The Transport Untain Fired Into--Stonewall Jackson not Dead.

A special correspondent of the Times who arrived in this city late last night, from Gen. McClellan's headquarters on Monday morning, brings several important items of news.

Gen. Burnside has arrived at Fortress Monroe, on his way to Gen. McClellan's headquarters. On last Tuesday his troops were embraced aboard of transports and ready to co-operate with McClellan in the battles on the Peninsula, but he received a dispatch purporting to come from the War Department, stating that McClellan was in Richmond and the enemy in flight in all directions. Not suspecting the truth of this dispatch, he disembarked his troops and was then too late to participate in the seven day's struggle. His troops, have, however, arrived at Fortress Monroe, and have before this arrived at Harrison's Landing.

The transport Juniata conveying supplies up the James river, was tired into from Confederate batteries below Harrison's Landing, on the opposite side of the river. She was obliged to run ashore to save being such. On the same side of the river the Confederates have constructed batteries between Harrison's Landing and the Chickahominy river. One of them, which your correspondent saw, was merely a breastwork of sods, about eight feet high, placed one behind the other.

Day before yesterday Stonewall Jackson's, who was reported dead, sent a flag of truce, in, conveying a lot of our sick and wounded, whom they could not or would not keep. They however, refuse to receive one from us, basing their refusal upon the fact that General Grant refused their request at Shiloh.

Major Stone, of the Pennsylvania Bucktails, whose horse was killed at the same time that Gen. McCall's body fell into the bands of the enemy, reports that the General was undoubtedly killed.--His column was marching along the Charles City road when he received intelligence that the enemy were in front of him. He halted his command and rode forward, in company with Captain Stone, Capt. Sheess, and Lieut. Lambert. When he reached a bend in the road he found, to his surprise, the Confederates drawn up in line of battle, on both sides of the road, within one hundred feet of him. They ordered him to dismount, or they would fire. He attempted to escape, and a whole platoon fired into him. Major Stone and Lieut. Lambert both think that at least fourteen or fifteen bullets pierced his body. They saw him fail from his horse, and believe him to be dead.

Day before yesterday Stonewall Jackson attacked and drove in the pickets of Franklin's division. When General Franklin brought up his reserve Jackson fell back, and it was expected a night attack would be made, but everything passed off quietly.

From Cairo.

Cairo. July 8.
--The steamer Sunshine, which arrived to-day, brings news from Vicksburg to the 30th ult., at which time the bombardment was continued, and the town was deserted except by the military.

The news from White river, Arkansas, is not encouraging. Col. Fitch still holds St. Charles. No relief has reached Gen. Curtis. The whole country bordering on the White river is reported to be in arms, except those persons who have fled from the operations of the conscription law, which is enforced in the most rigorous manner. Our boats are frequently fired on from the shore.

From Vicksburg.

Philadelphia, July 9.
--The special correspondent of the Philadelphia Press on board, the U. S. steamer Brooklyn, writing under date of June 28th, says:

‘ All hands were called early this morning to attack the batteries and the city of Vicksburg. The first gun was fired at one o'clock, and the firing was intense. The Hartford, Richmond, and the gunboats have passed the batteries and the city without silencing the works. The Brooklyn has received orders not to pass a battery without silencing it. She remains below. The loss on the Hartford was one man killed and eleven wounded. A master's mate was killed on the Richmond, and six men wounded.

Massachusetts and the call for troops.

Boston July 8.
--Gov. Andrew and Adj. Gen. Schottler have prepared and published the military apportionment of the State, designating the number of men each city and town shall furnish to make up fifteen thousand men, the proportion Massachusetts is expected to sent to the field under the call for three hundred thousand more volunteers.

Military movements in New Hampshire.

Concord, N. H. July 9.
--The Legislature has unanimously adopted resolutions pledging the State to furnish its quota of troops under the call of the President. Meetings to encourage volunteering are being held in all parts of the State. The 10th regiment New Hampshire volunteers, composed principally of Irishmen, will be commanded by Colonel Donahoe, now a captain in the 3d regiment.

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