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Further Foreign news.

Mr. Mason's letter to Earl Russell--the reasons for his withdrawal--Mr. Slidell to remain in France.

We have some further news by the Persia at New York.

The withdrawal of Mr. Mason from England.

The text of the letter in which Mr. Mason announces the termination of the Confederate mission to England is as follows:

No. 24 Upper Seymour st.,
Postman square,

London, Sept. 21, 1863.
The Right Hon. Earl Russell, Her Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs: My Lord
--In a dispatch from the Secretary of State of the Confederate States of America, dated 4th day of August last, and now just received, I am instructed to consider the mission which brought me to England as at an end, and I am directed to withdraw at once from the country.

The reasons for terminating this mission are set forth in an extract from the dispatch which I have the honor to communicate herewith:

"The President believes that the Government of Her Majesty has determined to decline the overtures made through you for establishing, by treaty, friendly relations between the two Governments, and entertains no intention of receiving you as the accredited minister of this Government near the British Court. Under these circumstances your continued residence in London is neither conducive to the interests nor consistent with the dignity of this Government, and the President therefore requests that you consider your mission at an end, and that you withdraw with your Secretary from London."

Having made known to your Lordship on my arrival here the character and purposes of the mission entrusted to me by my Government, I have deemed it due to courtesy thus to make known to the Government of Her Majesty its termination, and that I shall, as directed, at once withdraw from England.

I have the honor to be

Your Lordship's very ob't serv't,

J. M. Mason.

On this letter the London Index makes the following comments, (supposed to be "inspired,") setting forth several reasons for the withdrawal, which are not embodied in Mr. Mason's letter:

‘ "Mr. Slidell, we understand, will remain in France, as special commissioner to that Government, nor is it at all contemplated to terminate that mission, and yet France, equally with England, has so far refrained from entering into international relations with the Confederate States. There must be, then, some over-ruling cause for the difference thus made between France and England, in the termination of the mission to one and not to the other. To those at all conversant with what is passing in the Southern States, this is no mystery. Mr. Slidell has been received and uniformly treated by the Government of France with every mark of consideration and respect for the Government he represents. There may be grave reasons regarding policy or public law why France, like England, may not deem it incumbent as yet to recognize those States as an independent political power; but their representative has been freely admitted to every form of intercourse with the Government of France, to personal interviews with the Emperor whenever he has asked for them, with immediate access to all or any of the ministry, at first request.--This would indeed seem but an ordinary courtesy to a gentleman in his position; the refusal of it would be more than a discourtesy; it would be an actual indignity to those whose representative he is. In England Mr. Mason has been held by the Government in the very opposite position. His correspondence with the Foreign Office, laid before Congress at Richmond, we know, from the Southern press, produced a feeling of deep and universal indignation. It showed that, with the exception of a single and formal interview with Earl Russell, on his arrival, appointed at his residence, and not at the Foreign Office, he had been admitted to no intercourse whatever."

’ The London Globe ridicules this kind of argument, and says there is no courtesy or discourtesy in the matter — it is all policy.--For reasons which he alone knows, the Emperor of the French confers with Mr. Slidell; for reasons which we all know, Earl Russell has not conferred with Mr. Mason.

Sir. Edward Lytton Bower, during a speech at Hitchen, England, ridiculed the idea of Canada seeking a union with the United States.

It is reported, says the Manchester (Eng.) Guardian, that the Great Eastern is to be sold at auction.

Jamaica cotton has been spun into a fine quality of thread at a mill in Mansfield, England.

The Polish insurgents are said to have been defeated with heavy loss at a place in the Government of Plock.

It is reported in Paris that the Prince imperial is to be made King of Algiers, with the Duke of Malakoff for his viceroy.

Queen Victoria and her daughter-in-law were merrily picnicking at Balmoral.

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