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The Trans-Mississippi.

The Atlanta Appeal, of the 2d inst., has the following encouraging view of affairs in the trans-Mississippi Department, written before the report of Steele's surrender to Price:

‘ If our intelligence from the West be true, and we have no reason the doubt it, Gens Smith and Price are doing their work up nobly on the west side of the Mississippi river. The campaign of Banks in Louisiana has proved a complete failure, and he is represented as having been driven on the north side of Red river, and is seeking refuge at Natchez, on this side of the Mississippi. This leaves all West Louisiana free from the enemy, and will play hob with those Yankees who have emigrated thither with the view of raising cotton and sugar. They will be compelled to give up their farms, of course, and re-emigate to the North.

Gen Magruder seems to have no foe to contend with in Texas, and Gen Smith will remain idle during the spring and summer, as it will be impossible for Lincoln to supply Banks with a new force sufficiently strong to renew the campaign.

Gen Price, too, since he has been relieved of the Incubus of Gen Holmes, is beginning to loom up, and will again signalize himself as the deliverer of Arkansas and Missouri. His victory over Steele seems to have been a complete one, and we doubt whether Steele will be permitted to remain long in Little Rock, even if he should get there.--Now that the work has commenced, and Gen. Price has his face once more set towards the North, we may rest assured he will not remain idle. His army will gather strength as he moves through the country, and we predict that the summer months will find him once more within the borders of his own State, rallying the people to action.

These victories will inspire the hearts and nerve the arms of our people west of the river, who, we doubt not, will rally to the support of the army in such numbers as will insure that country from further invasion. Many of them, probably, will be enabled to cultivate the crops which the Yankees have planted and reap the proceeds before Lincoln will be able to send another effective force against them, even if he shall ever have the power of doing so, which we do not believe will be the case. He now has his hands too full on this side of the river to give much attention to the West, and Gen. Banks will call for reinforcements in vain. The greater probability is, that this individual will be called to Washington to give an account of his stewardship.

These victories and triumphs in the West will go far to teach the people of the North the utter folly of attempting further subjugation of the South.--They will teach them the impossibility of holding the country and turning it to advantage, even after they have once made a conquest of it. If there was any portion of our country which they considered to be firmly within their grasp, it was West Louisiana; yet this has been wrested from them, and we believe without the hope of recovery. So it will be with Arkansas, so with Missouri, so with Tennessee, and so with Kentucky. The return wave is now flowing back upon the North, and no earthly power can stay its progress. It will roll on and on, gathering strength and volume as it progresses, until the entire South is redeemed from the despotic tread of the Yankee invader.

Our dastard and unprincipled foe have had their most jovial revels on Southern soil. From this day forth they will be made to feel a more infuriating sting of Southern steel than they have hitherto felt. Our people, long oppressed, are now thoroughly aroused, and our soldiers may be said to be just beginning to fight. The Yankee will no longer find the South an asylum for him. He is now required to "take up his bed and walk," and "go home where he belongs" battles thus far fought this spring have had a most powerful and persuasive effect upon him in this direction, but nowhere more so than in the West. The great Union slider, Banks, would now seem to be on a big slide himself, and no doubt thinks the ghost of Stonewall Jackson is after him. If he has not already discovered, he will find out before the summer closes, that Massachusetts is a more healthful place of residence for him than Louisiana.

Altogether, the Trans Mississippi Department is in a most promising condition. If Banks is driven on this side of the river, we know of no other Federal troops in Southwestern Louisiana. Magruder has little or nothing to contend with in Texas, and we may rest assured that Gen. Price will give Steele no rest until he gets him out of Arkansas. This leaves the Western department comparatively clear of the enemy, and, as remarked above, we do not think the people there need live in any fear of their return. Our opinion is they have started home, and will not stop until they get there. As the West is clear, let us now look to the East, give our best attention to Grant at Richmond and Dalton, and the war is over, at least so far as the South is concerned.

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