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The coast of Ionia has the islands of Trageæ, Corseæ1, and Icaros, which has been previously2 mentioned; Lade3, formerly called Late; and, among others of no note, the two Camelidæ4, in the vicinity of Miletus; and the three Trogiliæ5, near Mycale, consisting of Philion, Argennon, and Sandalion. There is Samos also, a free6 island, eighty-seven miles in circumference, or, according to Isidorus, 100. Aristotle tells us, that it was at first called Parthenia7, after that Dryussa8, and then Anthemussa9. To these names Aristocritus has added Melamphllus10 and Cyparissia11: other writers, again, call it Parthenoarussa12 and Stephane13. The rivers of tis island are the Imbrasus, the Chesius, and the Ibettes. There are also the fountains of Gigartho and Leucothea; and Mount Cercetius. In the vicinity of Samos are the islands of Rhypara, Nymphæa, and Achillea.

1 Over against the isle of Samos.

2 B. iv. c. 23.

3 Near the city of Miletus.

4 So called from their resemblance to camels.

5 Lying before the Promontory of Trogilium, mentioned in C. 31.

6 Augustus gave their liberty to the Samians. The island is still called by the Greeks Samo, and by the Turks Susam Adassi.

7 The "Virgin's Island," if so called after Juno, as some say; but according to Strabo, it received its name from the river Parthenius.

8 From its numerous oaks.

9 From the abundance of its flowers.

10 "Of dark," or "black foliage;" in allusion probably to its cypresses.

11 "Cypress-bearing."

12 This is note improbably a compound, formed by a mistake of the copyists, of the two names, Parthenia and Aryusa, mentioned by Heraclides.

13 "The Crown." This island was the birth-place of Pythagoras.

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  • Cross-references to this page (7):
    • Harper's, Pordoselēné
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), ALABASTRA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), I´MBRASUS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), LADE
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), MYONNE´SUS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), NYMPHAEA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), SAMOS
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