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21. The Roman senate, on learning of these successes, decreed sacrifices to the gods and cessation from business, with festival, for fifteen days, a greater number than for any victory before.1 For the danger was seen to have been great when so many nations at once had broken out in revolt, and because Caesar was the victor, the good will of the multitude towards him made his victory more splendid. Caesar himself, after settling matters in Gaul, again spent the winter2 in the regions along the Po, carrying out his plans at Rome. [2] For not only did the candidates for office there enjoy his assistance, and win their elections by corrupting the people with money from him, and do everything which was likely to enhance his power, but also most of the men of highest rank and greatest influence came to see him at Luca,3 including Pompey, Crassus, Appius the governor of Sardinia, and Nepos the proconsul of Spain, so that there were a hundred and twenty lictors in the place and more than two hundred senators.

[3] They held a council and settled matters on the following basis. Pompey and Crassus were to be elected consuls for the ensuing year, and Caesar was to have money voted him, besides another five years in his provincial command. This seemed very strange to men of understanding. For those who were getting so much money from Caesar urged the senate to give him money as if he had none, nay rather, they forced it to do so, though it groaned over its own decrees. [4] Cato, indeed, was not there, for he had purposely been sent out of the way on a mission to Cyprus,4 and Favonius, who was an ardent follower of Cato, finding himself unable to accomplish anything by his opposition, bounded out of doors and clamoured to the populace. But no one gave heed to him, for some were in awe of Pompey and Crassus, and most wanted to please Caesar, lived in hopes of his favours, and so kept quiet.

1 Quod ante id tempus accidit nulli (Caesar, B. G. ii. 35, 4).

2 57-56 B.C. Cf. the Pompey, li. 3 f.

3 In April of 56 B.C.

4 Cf. the Cato Minor, xxxiv.

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    • Caesar, Gallic War, 2.35
    • Plutarch, Pompey, 51.3
    • Plutarch, Cato Minor, 34.1
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