previous next

1601. The accusative of respect is employed

a. Of the parts of the body: ““ ἄνθρωπος τὸν δάκτυλον ἀλγεῖthe man has a pain in his fingerP. R. 462d, ““τυφλὸς τά τ᾽ ὦτα τόν τε νοῦν τά τ᾽ ὄμματ᾽ εἶblind art thou in ears, and mind, and eyesS. O. T. 371, πόδας ὠκὺς Ἀχιλλεύς Hom.

N.—The accusative of the part in apposition to the whole (985) belongs here, as is seen by the passive. Cp. ““τὸν πλῆξ᾽ αὐχέναhim he smote on the neckΛ 240 (βάλε θοῦρον Ἄρηα κατ᾽ αὐχένα Φ 406) with βέβληαι κενεῶνα thou art smitten in the abdomen E 284.

b. Of qualities and attributes (nature, form, size, name, birth, number, etc.): ““διαφέρει γυνὴ ἀνδρὸς τὴν φύσινwoman differs from man in natureP. R. 453b, ““οὐδὲ ἔοικεν θνητὰ_ς ἀ_θανάτῃσι δέμας καὶ εἶδος ἐρίζεινnor is it seemly that mortal women should rival the immortals in form and appearanceε 213, ποταμός, Κύδνος ὄνομα, εὖρος δύο πλέθρων a river, Cydnus by name, two plethra in width X. A. 1.2.23 (so with ὕψος, βάθος, μέγεθος), πλῆθος ὡς δισχί_λιοι about two thousand in number 4. 2. 2, ““λέξον ὅστις εἶ γένοςtell me of what race thou artE. Bacch. 460.

c. Of the sphere in general: ““δεινοὶ μάχηνterrible in battleA. Pers. 27, ““γένεσθε τὴν διάνοιανtransfer yourselves in thoughtAes. 3.153, ““τὸ μὲν ἐπ᾽ ἐμοὶ οἴχομαι, τὸ δ᾽ ἐπὶ σοὶ σέσωσμαιso far as I myself was concerned I was lost, but through you am savedX. C. 5.4.11. Often of indefinite relations: ““πάντα κακόςbase in all thingsS. O. T. 1421, ““ταῦτα ἀγαθὸς ἕκαστος ἡμῶν, ἅπερ σοφός, δὲ ἀμαθής, ταῦτα δὲ κακόςeach one of us is good in matters in which he is skilled, but bad in those in which he is ignorantP. Lach. 194d.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: