Table of Contents:
جَبَهَهُ جبه جبهه جبهة , (S, Msb, K,) aor. جَبَهَ , (Msb, K,) inf. n. جَبْهٌ, (Ham p. 355,) He slapped, (S,) or struck, (K,) or hit, (Msb,) or struck him on, (Ham ubi suprà,) his جَبْهَة [or forehead]. (S, Msb, K, and Ham ubi suprà.) ― -b2- And [hence], (K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) (tropical:) He turned him back (K, TA) from the thing that he wanted: (TA:) or (tropical:) he met him, or encountered him, with, or he said to him, or did to him, a thing disliked, or hated: (K, TA, TK:) or (tropical:) he encountered him, or confronted him, with speech in which was roughness: (JK, M, TA:) or (tropical:) he encountered him with that which he disliked, or hated; or he accused him thereof to his face; (M, TA, and Ham ubi suprà;) or so جَبَهَهُ بِالمَكْرُوهِ. (S, TA.) ― -b3- جَبَهَ المَآءَ, (JK, S, K,) inf. n. as above, (JK, S,) (tropical:) He came to the water, (JK, S, K,) when there was at it no apparatus for drawing, (S,) i. e. no pulley &c., (JK, TA,) or having no means of drawing, so that he only looked at the surface of the water. (Z, K.) [See also جَبِيهَةٌ.] ― -b4- جَبَهَ القَوْمَ (tropical:) It (winter) came upon the people unprepared for it. (A, K.) 2 تَجْبِيهٌ جب جبى تجبيه تجبية The mounting a fornicator, or an adulterer, upon an ass, and turning his face towards the tail; whence the trad. of the Jews respecting the adulterer, يُحُمَّمُ وَيُجَبَّهُ ويُجْلَدُ [He shall have his face blackened with charcoal, and be mounted on an ass with his face towards the tail, and be flogged]: (Mgh:) or the mounting two fornicators, or adulterers, upon an ass, and turning the backs of their heads towards each other, (JK, Mgh,) and parading them round about; thus accord. to the Tekmileh: (Mgh:) or the blackening [with charcoal] the faces of two fornicators, or adulterers, (أَنْ يُحَمَّرَ in the K being a mistake for أَنْ يُحُمَّمَ, i. e. يُسَوَّدَ, TA,) and mounting them upon a camel or an ass, and turning their faces in contrary directions: accord. to analogy, it should mean turning their faces towards each other; for it is from الجَبْتَةُ: تَجْبِيهٌ also signifies the bending, inclining, lowering, or hanging down, the head towards the ground: and it may be hence; (i. e. it may be hence that it is applied to him who is mounted on a beast in the manner described above; TA;) because he to whom this is done bends down his head in shame and confusion: or it may be from جَبَهَهُ meaning "he did to him a thing disliked, or hated." (K.) 8 اِجْتِبَاهٌ اجتباه اجتباة ٱجتباه ٱجتبى The deeming [one] rude, coarse, unkind, hard, or churlish. (JK.) ― -b2- And The fearing [a person or thing]. (JK.) ― -b3- And اجتبههُ He disliked, or hated, and feared, it, or him; namely, a country, or town, and a man. (JK.) ― -b4- He disapproved it, or disliked it, and did not find it wholesome; namely, water, (En-Nawádir, K,) &c. (K.) جَبَهٌ جب جبه جبة Largeness, (S,) or width (JK, M, K) and beauty, (M, K,) of the جَبْهَة [or forehead]: (JK, S, M, K:) or protuberance, or prominence, thereof. (M, K.) جَبْهَةٌ جبه جبهه جبهة [The forehead;] the part of the face which is the place of prostration: (As, Msb, K:) or the even part that is between the eyebrows and the نَاصِيَة [or place where the hair grows in the fore part of the head]: (Kh, JK, Msb, K:) so of a man, (S, Msb,) and of others: (S:) [or,] of a horse, the part that is below the ears and above the eyes: (TA:) pl. جِبَاهٌ. (Msb, TA.) ― -b2- [Hence,] الجَبْهَةُ (assumed tropical:) A certain Mansion of the Moon; [the Tenth Mansion;] (S, K, Kzw;) consisting of four stars; (S;) the four stars [ζ, γ, η, and α,] in the neck and heart of Leo; [regarded by the Arabs as the fore-part, or forehead, of Leo;] (Kzw in his descr. of Leo;) between each of which and the next to it is the space of a whip's length; the northernmost of them called by astrologers الأَسَدُ. (Kzw in his descr. of the Mansions of the Moon.) ― -b3- Also (assumed tropical:) The moon (K, TA) itself: but [it rather seems to mean the upper part of the disc of the moon; for] it is said in the M that a certain unknown poet has metaphorically assigned a جبهة to the moon. (TA.) ― -b4- Also جَبْهَةٌ, (tropical:) The chief of a people, or company of men; (JK, Mgh, K, TA;) like as one says the وَجْه thereof. (Mgh, TA.) ― -b5- (tropical:) The generous and manly, or manly and noble, persons of a people, or company of men: or men exerting themselves in the case of a bloodwit or a debt or other obligation, (K, TA,) or in repairing the condition of a poor man, (TA,) and who come not to any one but he is ashamed to turn them back, (K, TA,) or who are seldom or never turned back by anyone: so, accord. to Aboo-Sa'eed, in a trad. in which it is said that there shall be no poor-rate in the case of the جبهة. (TA.) ― -b6- (tropical:) A company, or collected number, of men, (JK, S, Msb,) and of horses: (JK, Msb:) or, of horses, the best: (TA:) and [simply] horses; (Lth, S, M, Mgh, K;) a word having no sing., or n. un.: (M, K:) accord. to Lth, (TA,) having this last meaning in the trad. above mentioned; (S, Mgh, TA;) because horses are the best of beasts. (Mgh.) -A2- (tropical:) Abjectness, or ignominy; (JK, M, K, TA;) and a state of annoyance, or molestation: (Z, TA:) thought by ISd to be from جَبَهَهُ meaning “ he encountered him with that which he disliked or hated, ” or “ he accused him thereof to his face; ” because the doing this causes one to experience abjectness, or ignominy. (TA.) It is said to have this meaning in a trad., in which it is said, فَإِِنَّ ا@للّٰهَ قَدْ أَرَاحَكُمْ مِنَ الجَبْهَةِ والسَّجَّةِ والبَجَّةِ, i. e. For God hath relieved you from abjectness, or ignominy, &c., and milk diluted with water, and blood drawn from a vein [of a camel], which the Arabs used to eat: or in this trad., (TA,) الجَبْتَهَةُ is the name of a certain idol (ISd, K, TA) that was worshipped in the Time of Ignorance: (TA:) and السجّة and البجّة were two idols. (S and K in art. سج.) وَرَدْنَا مَآءً لَهُ جَبِيهَةٌ وردنا مآء له جبيهه وردنا مآء له جبيهة We came to a water that was salt, so that the drinking thereof did not take away the thirst of our cattle: (ISk, JK, S:) or that was altered for the worse in taste and colour, from some such cause as long standing, though still drinkable; or covered with the green substance called طُحْلُب and with leaves: or that was deep in the bottom, difficult to give to drink. (ISk, S.) [See also 1, last meaning but one.] جُبَّهٌ جب جبه جبة i. q. جُبَّأٌ, (K,) i. e. A fearful, or cowardly, man. (TA.) جَابِهٌ جاب جابه جابة , applied to a gazelle, (JK,) or to a bird or a wild animal, (K,) That meets one with its face or forehead; and such is of evil omen: (K:) contr. of قَعِيدٌ. (JK.) ― -b2- Coming to water: so in a saying cited and explained in art. اذن, conj. 2. (IAar, TA.) أَجْبَهُ ذ , applied to a man, Large, (S,) or wide (JK, M, K) and beautiful, (M, K,) in the جَبْهَة [or forehead]: (JK, S, M, K:) or protuberant, or prominent, therein: (M, K:) applied to a horse, having a protuberant, or prominent, forehead, rising beyond the bone of the nose: (TA:) fem. جَبْهَآءُ; (S, K;) of which the dim. is جُبَيْهَآءُ. (S.) ― -b2- الأَجْبَهُ The lion; (K;) because of the width of his جَبْهَة. (TA.)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.