Table of Contents:
سَمَّهُ ذ , (S, Msb, K,) aor. سَمُ3َ , inf. n. سَمٌّ, (Msb,) He put poison into it; [poisoned it; infected it with poison;] namely, food. (S, Msb, K.) And He gave him to drink poison. (S, K.) And سَمَّتْهُ الهَامَّةُ The هامّة [or venomous reptile or the like] smote him with its poison. (M.) ― -b2- [Hence, perhaps, He suggested it, إِِلَيْهِ to him: a signification mentioned by Freytag, but without any indication of the authority.] ― -b3- [And, app., It perforated it; transpierced it; or pierced, or passed, through it: for it is said that] مَسَمٌّ may be an inf. n. of the verb [signifying نَفَذَ], and may also signify a place of نُفُوذ. (Msb.) ― -b4- And, (K,) aor. سَمُ3َ , (S, TA,) inf. n. سَمٌّ, (TA,) (tropical:) He probed it; namely a case, or an affair; and examined, or endeavoured to learn, its depth. (S, K, TA.) ― -b5- Also, inf. n. سَمٌّ i. q. شَدَّهُ [He made it firm, fast, or strong; &c.]: (M:) [or this may be a mistranscription for سَدَّهُ; for] you say, سَمَمْتُ القَارُورَةَوَنَحْوَهَا, (S, K, *) inf. n. as above, (TA,) meaning سَدَدْتُ [i. e. I closed, stopped, or stopped up, the flask, or bottle, and the like]. (S, K. *) ― -b6- Also, (M, K,) aor. سَمُ3َ , inf. n. سَمٌّ, (TA,) i. q. أَصْلَحَهُ [He rectified it; or put it into a good, sound, right, or proper, state; &c.]; namely, a thing. (M, K.) And سَمَّ بَيْنَ القَوْمِ, (S, M,) or سَمَّ بَيْنَهُمَا, (K,) aor. سَمُ3َ , [for the verb is trans., الأَمْرَ being understood, or بَيْنَ meaning ذَاتَ البَيْنِ,] (M,) inf. n. سَمٌّ, (S, M,) i. q. أَصْلَحَ [He rectified, or reformed, or amended, the circumstances subsisting between the people, or between them two; or he effected a rectification of affairs, or an agreement, a harmony, or a reconciliation, between the people, or between them two]. (S. M, K.) ― -b7- And سَمٌّ الوَدَعَ He strung the وَدَع [or cowries]; which, when strung, are termed سُمَّةٌ and سُمٌّ (M.) ― -b8- سَمَّهُ, inf. n. سَمٌّ, signifies also He appropriated it to a particular, peculiar, or special, object. (M.) You say, سَمَّ النِّعْمَةَ He so appropriated the benefit, or bounty. (K.) And سَمَّتِ النِّعْمَةُ The benefit, or bounty, was, or became, particular, peculiar, or special, as to its object: (S, K:) the verb being intrans. as well as trans. (K.) El-'Ajjáj says, “ هُوَ الَّذِى أَنْعَمَ نُعْمَى عَمَّتْ
عَلَى الَّذِينَ أَسْلَمُوا وَسَمَّتْ
” (S,) or the latter hemistich is “ عَلَى البِلَادِ رَبُّنَا وَسَمَّتْ
” (M,) [He is the Being who has bestowed bounty that has been general and that has been particular upon those who have become Muslims, or upon the countries, namely, our Lord]: he means that it has reached all. (S.) ― -b9- [And i. q. قَصَدَهُ:] you say, سَمَمْتُ سَمَّكَ, i. e. قَصَدْتُ قَصْدَكَ [which means I tended, repaired, betook myself, or directed my course, towards thee; or I have tended, &c.: and also I pursued, or have pursued, thy way, or course, doing like thee]. (S.) -A2- [سُمَّ It was smitten by the wind called سُمُوم; applied to a plant; and in like manner to a man: see its part. n., مَسْمُومٌ. And] سُمَّ يَوْمُنَا, with damm [to the س], Our day was, or became, attended with the wind called سَمُوم. (S, K.) 2 تَسْمِيمٌ ذ signifies The making loops to the [girth called] وَضِين. (TA.) [You say, سمّم الوَضِينَ He made loops to the وَضِين: see the pass. part. n., below. And also He adorned the وَضِين with سُمُوم, i. e. strung cowries: see, again, the pass. part. n.] R. Q. 1 سَمْسَمَ ذ He (a man) walked, or went along, gently. (IAar, TA.) And He (a fox) ran; [or ran in a certain manner;] inf. n. سَمْسَمَةٌ: (TK:) the latter signifies the running, (K,) or a sort of running, (M,) of the fox. (M, K.) سَمٌّ ذ Poison, or vemom; (PS, TK;) or deadly poison or venom; (KL;) or the poison, or venom, of the serpent; (MA;) a certain deadly thing, (S, M, Msb, K,) well known; (K;) as also ↓ سُمٌّ , (S, M, Msb, K,) which is of the dial. of the people of El-'Áliyeh, (Yoo, Msb, TA,) and is said to be the most chaste; (MF, TA;) and ↓ سِمٌّ , (Msb, K,) which is [said to be] of the dial. of Temeem, (Msb,) [but is thought by SM to be vulgar, and] accord. to Yoo, the first is of the dial. of Temeem, (TA,) and this is the most common of the three: (Msb:) pl. سِمَامٌ (S, M, Msb, K) and سُمُومٌ: (S, Msb, K:) and ↓ سَمْسَمٌ signifies the same, in the sing. sense. (ISk, K, TA.) [In some copies of the K, by a mistranscription (وَالسَّمِّ or وَالسُّمِّ for والسَّمُّ or وَالسُّمُّ) سَمٌّ or سُمٌّ is made to be syn. with سَمْسَمٌ as signifying “ a fox. ” That the right reading is that which I have followed is shown in the TA by an ex., in which سَمْسَم is spoken of as drunk.] ― -b2- [Hence,] سَمُّ الفَأْرِ Arsenic; [in like manner called by us ratsbane;] syn. الشَّكُّ, (K, TA,) i. e. الرَّهَجُ [which is a modern word for arsenic]. (TA.) [Also applied in the present day to The hyoscyamus muticus of Linn. (Delile's Floræ Aegypt. Illustr., in the Descr. de l'Égypte, no. 242.)] ― -b3- And سَمُّ الحِمَارِ The [tree called] دِفْلَى [q. v.]. (K.) ― -b4- And سَمُّ السَّمَكِ The tree called مَاهِيزَهْرَهْ [or مَاهِى زَهْرَهْ], (K,) which latter appellation is Pers., meaning the same, [i. e. “ fish-poison, ”] (TA,) and also known by the name of البُوصِيرُ: it is beneficial for pains of the joints, and pain of the hip and the back, and the نِقْرِس [i. e. gout, or specially gout in the foot or feet]; but the only part of its tree that is beneficial is its لِحَآء [or bark]: (K, TA:) when somewhat thereof, (K, * TA,) kneaded mith leaven, (TA,) is put into a pool of water, it intoxicates the fish thereof, (K, TA,) so that they float upon the surface of the water: (TA:) and its leaves burn in lamps in lieu of wicks, (K, TA,) by reason of their oleaginous property. (TA.) ― -b5- سَمُّ أَبْرَصَ: see سَامٌّ. -A2- Also, and ↓ سُمٌّ , (S, M, Msb, K,) and ↓ سِمٌّ , (Msb, K,) [but the last is thought by SM to be vulgar, in this sense as well as in the first,] A perforation, bore, or hole, (S, M, Msb, K,) of anything; (M;) or such as is narrow; (TA;) for instance, (S, TA,) [the eye] of a needle; (S, Msb, TA;) as in the Kur vii. 38; [see جُمَّلٌ;] and the hole of the nose, and of the ear: (TA:) pl. سُمُومٌ, (M,) or سِمَامٌ, (Msb,) or both. (S, K.) The سُمُوم and سِمَام of a human being are His mouth and his nostril and his ear, (S,) or his mouth and his nostrils and his ears; (K;) and the sing. is سَمٌّ and ↓ سُمٌّ : (S:) or the سُمُوم of a human being, and of a horse or the like, are the clefts (مَشَاقّ) of the skin thereof. (M.) And the سُمُوم of the horse are The thin portions of the hard bone, [extending] from the two sides of the nasal bone to the channels of the tears: sing. سَمٌّ: (M:) or, as some say, (M,) the سَمَّانِ, (S, M,) or the سَمّ, (K, [but this seems evidently to be a mistake for the dual,]) means two veins in the nose (أَنْف, M, or خَيْشُوم, S, K, [which latter often means the same as the former,]) of the horse: (S, M, K:) accord. to Lth, سُمُومٌ, as pl. of سَمٌّ, signifies the channels of the tears of the horse: AO says that in the face of the horse are سُمُوم; and the bareness of his سُمُوم is approved, and is regarded as indicative of generous breed. (TA.) By the سُمُوم of the horse are also meant Any bone [or rather bones] in which is marrow. (TA.) And the سُمُوم of a sword are Notches therein, whether new or old. (TA.) ― -b2- أَصَابَ سَمَّ حَاجَتِهِ [is app. from سَمٌّ as signifying the “ eye ” of a needle, or the like, and] means (assumed tropical:) He hit, or attained, the object of his aim or pursuit: (M, K:) and in like manner, هُوَ بَصِيرٌ بِسَمِّ حَاجَتِهِ [He is knowing, or skilful, in respect of the object of his aim or pursuit]. (M.) ― -b3- [And hence, perhaps, though another derivation is asserted in what follows,] one says also, مَالَهُ سَمٌّ وَلَا حَمٌّ غَيْرُكَ and وَلَا حُمٌّ ↓ سُمٌّ , (S, M,) meaning (assumed tropical:) He has no object in his mind except thee; syn. هَمٌّ: (M:) and in like manner, مَالَهُ سَمٌّ وَلَا حَمٌّ and وَلَا ↓ سُمٌّ حُمٌّ [alone]: or, accord. to Fr, it means he has not any who hopes for him: this is from [سَمَمْتُ سَمَّكَ and] حَمَمْتُ حَمَّكَ and هَمَمْتُ هَمَّكَ meaning قَصَدْتُ قَصْدَكَ; سَمٌّ and حَمٌّ being the inf. ns., and ↓ سُمٌّ and حُمٌّ the simple substs.; and the meaning is, he has not any who seeks after him; i. e. he has no good in him for which he is to be sought after: (Meyd:) or it means he has neither little nor much. (K and TA in art. حم.) ― -b4- سَمٌّ also signifies The loop (عُرْوَة) of the [girth called] وَضِين: pl. سُمُومٌ. (TA. [See مُسَمَّمٌ.]) ― -b5- And Anything like وَدَع [or cowries] brought forth from the sea, (S, K, TA,) and strung for ornament. (TA.) And also, (TA,) or ↓ سُمٌّ and ↓ سُمَّةٌ , (M,) Strung وَدَع [or cowries]: (M, TA:) pl. سُمُومٌ. (TA.) سُمٌّ ذ : see the next preceding paragraph, in seven places. سِمٌّ ذ : see سَمٌّ, in two places. سَمَّةٌ ذ The meatus of the vagina of a woman; (As, TA;) as also ↓ سِمَامٌ , [which is shown to be thus used as a sing., by a citation from a trad., though said to be] from سِمَامٌ as signifying the “ eyes ” (ثُقَب) of the needle [or of needles]: or the rima of a woman, with the parts that are next to it of the haunch and of the borders of the vulva, i. e. of the labia majora. (TA.) ― -b2- See also سِمَّةٌ. -A2- Also السَّمَّةُ, (AA, TA,) or سَمَّةُ القَلْبِ, (TA,) The heart, or cerebrum, of the palm-tree: pl. سمم [app. سِمَمٌ, or سُمَمٌ]. (TA.) سُمَّةٌ ذ : see سَمٌّ, last sentence. -A2- Also A mat, (AHn, M,) or a سُفْرَة [q. v.], (K,) or a thing like a wide سُفْرَة, (T, TA,) made, (AHn, M,) [i. e.] woven, (T, TA,) of خُوص [or leaves] (AHn, T, M, K) of the غَضَف [a tree resembling a dwarfpalm-tree]: (AHn, M:) it is spread beneath the palm-tree (T, K, TA) when the dates are cut off, (T, TA,) and upon it fall what become scattered (T, K, TA) of the dates: (T, TA:) pl. سِمَامٌ, (AHn, M, TA,) or سُمَمٌ, (K,) or, as in the T, سُمُومٌ. (TA.) -A3- See also سَامٌّ, latter part, in two places. سِمَّةٌ ذ The اِسْت [here app. meaning anus]; as also ↓ سَمَّةٌ [q. v.]. (K.) سَمَامٌ ذ A sort of bird, (T, S, M,) less than the species called قَطًا, in make, (T, TA,) like the سُمَانَى [or quail]: (M, TA:) [accord. to explanations of سَمَامَةٌ in the MA, mountain-swallows: or, accord. to the same and Meyd, birds like swallows: accord. to Dmr, as stated by Golius, i. q. طير ابابيل: but this is app. said in relation to an assertion of 'Áïsheh, mentioned in art. ابل in the Msb, that the birds termed أَبَابِيل in the Kur cv. 3 were most like to swallows:] the word is a pl., (S,) [or rather a coll. gen. n.,] and the sing. [or n. un.] is with ↓ ة , (S, M,) pl. سَمَائِمُ: (Meyd:) see سَمَاسِمُ. ― -b2- And hence, as being likened thereto, A banner, an ensign, or a standard; syn. لِوَآءٌ: (M:) or so ↓ سَمَامَةٌ . (K.) ― -b3- And [hence, also, perhaps, without ة, as in a verse cited by IB and in the TA, for the coll. gen. n. may be used as a sing.,] A swift she-camel: (S, IB, TA:) [pl. سَمَائِمُ, mentioned by Freytag, from Reiske, as signifying swift she-camels.] ― -b4- Also, and ↓ سَمْسَامٌ and ↓ سُمَاسِمٌ and ↓ سُمْسُمَانٌ and ↓ سُمْسُمَانِىٌّ , applied to anything, [of men and of beasts &c.,] Light, active, or agile, and slender, and swift; (M, K;) and so ↓ سَمْسَمَةٌ : (M: [thus there written; not سَمَامَةٌ nor سَمْسَامَةٌ, though both of these are app. correct:]) or ↓ سَمْسَامٌ and ↓ سُمْسُمَانِىٌّ , applied to a man, signify light, or active, or agile, and swift, or quick; (S;) and ↓ سُمْسُمٌ so applied, and ↓ سُمْسُمَةٌ and ↓ سَمَامَةٌ , applied to a woman, signify light, or active, or agile, and slender: (TA:) or ↓ سُمْسُمٌ , applied to a man, signifies [simply] light, or active, or agile. (K.) سِمَامٌ ذ a pl. of سَمٌّ or سُمٌّ: (S, M, Msb, K:) ― -b2- and also used as a sing.: see سَمَّةٌ. ― -b3- [In one place, in the CK, erroneously put for سَمْسَام as syn. with سَمْسَم, q. v.] سَمُومٌ ذ , of the fem. gender, (S,) A hot wind, (S, M, Msb, K,) or, as some say, a cold wind, (M, [perhaps a mistake occasioned by a misunderstanding of the phrase سَمُومٌ بَارِدٌ, expl. below,]) in the night or in the day, (M,) or generally (K) in the day, (Msb, K,) but authorities differ respecting it, as has been shown voce حَرُورٌ; (Msb;) accord. to AO, it is in the day, and sometimes in the night; and the حَرُور is in the night, and sometimes in the day: (S:) but some say that the former is in the night, and the latter in the day: (Ibn-Es-Seed in the “ Fark, ” TA:) [in the present day it is commonly applied to a violent and intensely-hot wind, generally occurring in the spring or summer, in Egypt and the Egyptian deserts usually proceeding from the south-east or south-south-east, gradually darkening the air to a deep purple hue, whether or not (according to the nature of the tract over which it blows) accompanied by clouds of dust or sand, and at length entirely concealing the sun; but seldom lasting more than about a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes:] the word is used as a subst. [i. e. alone], and also as an epithet [qualifying the subst. رِيحٌ]: (M:) pl. سَمَائِمٌ. (S, M, K.) One says also سَمُومٌ بَارِدٌ, meaning A سَمُوم that is constant, continual, permanent, settled, or incessant. (S and L in art. برد.) [See also بَارِحٌ.] سَمَامَةٌ ذ : see سَمَامٌ, in three places: -A2- and see سُمْسُمٌ. -A3- Also A certain feather, (دَائِرَة, M, K, TA,) which is approved (K, TA) by the Arabs, (TA,) in the neck of the horse, (K,) in the middle of the neck of the horse, (M,) or in the side of his neck. (TA.) -A4- And The شَخْص [or corporeal form or figure, or person,] (M, K,) of a man: (K:) or, as some say, (M, but accord. to the K “ and ”) the aspect; (M, K;) as in the saying, هُوَ بَهِىُّ السَّمَامَةِ [He is beautiful, or pleasing, in aspect]. (TA.) ― -b2- And A portion standing up of ruined dwellings. (K.) سَمَّاسٌ ذ A seller of سِمْسِم [q. v.]; like لَأّ=لٌ signifying a seller of لُؤْلُؤ. (IKh, TA.) سَمَّانُ ذ A certain plant. (K.) -A2- [See سَمَّانٌ in art. سمن.] سِمَّانٌ ذ The decorations, or embellishments, (تَزَاوِيق,) of a ceiling: so says IAar; and in like manner, Lh; and he says, I have not heard a sing. of it. (TA.) [See also سَمَّانٌ, in art. سمن.] سَمْسَمٌ ذ : see سَمٌّ, first sentence. -A2- It is also an epithet, of which only the fem., with ة, is mentioned: see سَمَامٌ. ― -b2- [Hence,] سَمْسَمٌ and ↓ سَمْسَامٌ , (M,) or السَّمْسَمُ and ↓ السَّمْسَامُ , (K, TA,) [the latter erroneously written in the CK السِّمام,]) The wolf; (M, K;) because of his lightness, or activity, or agility: (M:) or السَّمْسَمُ signifies the wolf that is small in the body. (M, K.) ― -b3- And السَّمْسَمُ The fox; (S, M, K;) as also سَمْسَمٌ [without ال], (M,) and ↓ السُّمَاسِمُ . (K.) سُمْسُمٌ ذ ; and its fem., with ة: see سَمَامٌ, last sentence, in three places. -A2- Also, the former, and ↓ سِمْسِمٌ , or the latter is a mistake, [ascribed in the K to J,] Red ants: n. un. with ة: (K:) or سُمْسُمَةٌ (M) and سِمْسِمَةٌ (S, M) signify a certain insect, (M,) a red ant; (S, M;) as also ↓ سَمَامَةٌ : (M:) accord. to Lth, an insect of the form of the اكلة [app. a mistranscription for نَمْلَة, i. e. ant], of a red colour: Az says, I have seen it in the desert, and it bites, or stings, painfully: (TA:) pl. سَمَاسِمُ, (S, TA,) said by Aboo-Kheyreh to be certain things found in El-Basrah, that bite vehemently, having longish heads, and the colours of which incline to redness. (TA.) See سَمَاسِمُ below. سِمْسِمٌ ذ [Sesame; sesamum orientale of Linn.; applied in the present day to the plant and its grain;] a well-known grain; (Msb;) it is called in Pers. كُنْجُدْ; (MA, KL;) i. q. جُلْجُلَانٌ, (M, K,) said by AHn to be abundant in the Saráh (السَّرَاة), and El-Yemen, and to be white; (M;) [by this is evidently here meant sesame, or the grain thereof, or both; though it also signifies the “ fruit of the coriander; ” for otherwise, the most commonly-known meaning of سِمْسِمٌ would be unmentioned in the M;] the grain of the حَلّ; [i. e. the grain from which the oil called حَلّ is expressed;] (S, K; [by the author of the latter of which, this was evidently understood to be different from the جُلْجُلَان, which is mentioned by him after the description of properties here following;]) it is glutinous, corruptive to the stomach and the mouth; but is rendered good by honey; and when it is digested, it fattens; and the washing of the hair with the water in which its leaves have been cooked lengthens and improves it: the wild sort thereof is known by the name of جَلْبَهَنْك, (K, TA,) thus, with fet-h to the ج and ب and ه, and sukoon to the ل and ن, [but written in the CK جَلْبَهَنَكْ,] a Pers. word, [originally جلْبَهَنْگ,] arabicized; (TA;) its action is nearly like that of the خَرْبَق [or hellebore]; and sometimes from half a drachm to a drachm is administered to him who is affected with palsy, and he is cured thereby, (K, TA,) speedily; (TA;) but a drachm thereof is dangerous, (K, TA,) in a great degree. (TA.) ― -b2- السِّمْسِمُ الهِنْدِىُّ: see خِرْوَعٌ, in art. خرع. -A2- Also The serpent: (K, TA:) or a certain creeping thing resembling it. (TA.) ― -b2- See also the next preceding paragraph, where it and its n. un. with ة are mentioned. سُمْسُمَانٌ ذ : see سَمَامٌ. سُمْسُمَانِىٌّ ذ : see سَمَامٌ, in two places. سَمْسَامٌ ذ : see سَمَامٌ, in two places: ― -b2- and see also سَمَسَمٌ, likewise in two places. سَمَاسِمُ ذ A species of bird, (M, K,) resembling the swallow; [but see what follows;] thus expl. by Th, who has not mentioned any sing. thereof; (M;) and Lh adds that its eggs are unattainable: (TA:) so in the prov., كَلَّفْتَنِى بَيْضَ السَّمَاسِمِ [Thou hast imposed upon me the task of procuring the eggs of the سَمَاسِم]; (M;) applied in the case of a man's being asked for that which he will not find, and which will not be: (TA:) or السَّمَاسِم is here pl. of ↓ السمسمة [i. e. السُّمْسُمَةُ or السِّمْسِمَةُ], and means the red ants: thus some relate the prov.: but others say, ↓ السَّمَائِمِ , pl. of سَمَامَةٌ, [n. un. of سَمَامٌ,] which means a species of bird like the swallow, the eggs of which are unattainable. (Meyd. [By Freytag, سَمَائِمُ is erroneously said, as on the authority of Meyd, to be pl. of سَامَّةٌ in this sense.]) In [some of] the copies of the K, السُّمَاسِمُ is here erroneously put for السَّمَاسِمُ. (TA.) سُمَاسِمٌ ذ : see سَمَامٌ: ― -b2- and see also سَمْسَمٌ. سَامٌّ ذ [act. part. n. of سَمَّ; as such signifying Poisoning, or infecting with poison]. سَامَّةٌ, as an act. part. n. [in the fem. form because applied to things of the fem. gender (such as the عَقْرَب &c.), and to such as are denoted by gen. ns., which are used in a pl. sense], (Msb,) Such as is, or are, venomous (S, Msb, K) of animals, (K,) or of creeping things, [and insects,] but of which the venom does not kill; as the scorpion, and the hornet: (Msb:) and such things (Sh, Msb) and the like thereof (Sh) are termed سَوَامُّ, (Sh, Msb,) which is the pl. of سَامَّةٌ. (Msb.) ― -b2- [And hence,] سَامُّ أَبْرَصَ (S, M, Mgh, K) and سَامَّ أَبْرَصَ, as one word, (S and Msb in art. برص, and the latter in the present art. also,) and أَبْرَصَ ↓ سَمُّ , (K,) A species of the [lizard called] وَزَغ: (M:) or such as are large, of the وَزَغ: (A in art. برص, and Msb:) or [one] of the large [sorts] of the وَزَغ: (S, Mgh, K:) also called السَّامُّ: (TA, from a trad.:) [see more in art. برص:] applied to the male and the female: (Zj, Msb:) dual سَامَّا أَبْرَصَ; (TA;) and pl. سَوَامُّ أَبْرَصَ. (M, Mgh, TA.) ― -b3- And يَوْمٌ سَامٌّ [as though meaning “ a poisoning day ”] (M, K) and ↓ مُسِمٌّ , (IAar, M, K,) the latter rare, (M,) [and anomalous, being from سُمَّ,] and ↓ مَسْمُومٌ , (S, M, K,) A day attended with the wind called سَمُوم. (S, M, K.) -A2- [سَامَّةٌ is also fem. of سَامٌّ as part. n. of the intrans. verb سَمَّ signifying “ it was, or became, particular, peculiar, or special. ” And hence,] السَّامَّةُ signifies also (tropical:) The خَاصَّة [or distinguished people, or people of distinction; and the particular, peculiar, or special, friends, intimates, familiars, or the like] (S, M, IAth, K, TA) of a man; (IAth, TA;) and ↓ السُمَّةُ , pl. سُمَمٌ, signifies the same; (M;) and so ↓ المَسَمَّةُ , like as المَعَمَّةُ signifies العَمَّةُ: (IAar, TA:) or ↓ السُّمَّةُ signifies the relations, syn. القَرَابَةُ; (K;) or the particular, or choice, relations: (TA:) and ↓ أَهْلُ المَسَمَّةِ signifies the relations; syn. الأَقَارِبُ; (M;) or the خَاصَّة [expl. above], (El-Umawee, S, K,) and the relations. (K.) One says, كَيْفَ السَّامَّةُ وَالعَامَّةُ (assumed tropical:) [How are the people of distinction, &c., and the common people, or people in general?]. (S.) And عَرَفَهُ العَمَّةُ وَالسَّامَّةُ (tropical:) [The people in general, or the vulgar, and the people of distinction, &c., knew it, or him]. (TA.) سَامَّةٌ ذ [fem. of سَامٌّ: see the latter in several places]. -A2- السَّامَّةُ also signifies Death: (M, K:) but this is extr.: (M, TA:) the word commonly known, (M,) or the correct word in this sense, (TA,) is السَّامُ, [belonging to art. سوم,] without teshdeed (M, TA) to the م, and without ة. (TA.) أَسَمُّ ذ A nose narrow (K, TA.) and fat (TA) in the nostrils. (K, TA.) مَسَمُّ ذ A place of perforation, of transpiercing, or of passing through: pl. مَسَامُّ. (Msb.) [Hence,] مَسَامُّ الجَسَدِ (S, K) or البَدَنِ (Msb) The perforations [or pores] of the body (S, Msb, K) through which the sweat and the exhalation of the interior thereof pass forth: (Msb:) المَسَامُّ [thus] applied to the مَنَافِذ [of the body] is a term of the physicians. (Mgh.) مُسِمٌّ ذ : see سَامٌّ. مِسَمٌّ ذ One who eats what he is able to eat. (K.) المَسَمَّةُ ذ and أَهْلُ المَسَمَّةِ: see سَامٌّ. مُسَمَّمٌ ذ , applied to a [girth such as is called] وَضِين, Having three سُمُوم, i. e. loops (عُرًى) [attached to it]. (TA.) And also, thus applied, Adorned with سُمُوم, i. e. strung cowries. (TA.) مَسْمُومٌ ذ [Poisoned; infected with poison;] having had poison put into it; applied to food. (TA.) And A man having had poison given him to drink. (TA.) ― -b2- Also Smitten by the wind called سَمُوم; applied to a plant; and in like manner to a man. (TA.) See also سَامٌّ.
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