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or THIBRON (Θίμβρων, Θίβρων).

1. A Lacedaemonian, was sent out as harmost in B. C. 400, with an army of about 5000 men, to aid the Ionians against Tissaphernes, who wished to bring them into subjection. On Thimbron's arrival in Asia he collected reinforcements, among which the most important was the mass of the Cyrean Greeks at Pergamus, and he succeeded in gaining over or capturing several cities. But meanwhile he allowed his troops to plunder the country of their allies, and he was therefore superseded by Dercyllidas, and obliged to return to Sparta, where he was brought to trial, and fined. It would appear that he was unable to pay the penalty, and went into exile. But in B. C. 392 (for there is no reason to suppose this a different person) we again find him sent by the Lacedaemonians into Asia to command against STRUTHAS. He seems, however, to have been still, as before, careless of his duties and neglectful of discipline, while he was addicted also to convivial pleasures. One day, accordingly, Struthas purposely sent some Persian cavalry to commit depredations within sight of Thimbron. The latter sallied forth in a disorderly manner to check them, and Struthas suddenly came up with a superior force, by which Thimbron was defeated and slain. (Xen. Anab. 7.6.1, 8.24, Hell. 3. §§ 4-8, 4.8. §§ 17-19; Diod. 14.36-38; Isocr. Paneg. p. 70d; Polyaen. 2.19.)

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400 BC (1)
392 BC (1)
hide References (4 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (4):
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 14.36
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 14.38
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 7.6.1
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 7.8.24
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