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[54] Do not form political societies or unions1 without my sanction; for such associations may be an advantage in the other forms of government, but in monarchies they are a danger. Abstain not merely from wrongdoing, but also from such conduct as must needs arouse suspicion. Believe that my friendship is very sure and abiding.

1 Political clubs may have been patriotic in old AthensIsoc. 4.79) but they had now degenerated into secret associations conspiring against popular government. See Isoc. 4.167; Thuc. 8.54; Aristot. Ath. Pol. 34.

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