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he dry plains without water or the sight of game, so frequently in view the previous day, and without even the chirp of a bird to cheer us on our journey, we knew not exactly whither. At early dawn the following morning the march was resumed; we passed during the day a water-hole utterly unfit for use, and went into bivouac that night with the same surroundings, fully fifty miles further out in the desert. Our canteens were now empty, and the outlook was somewhat dismal. At daybreak on the 19th, to horse was sounded and the journey continued. About noon a deer was seen bounding over the prairie, and with the sight went forth a shout of joy from the men, who then felt confident that fresh water was not very far distant. The trail had moreover become much more distinct; this encouragement, together with the hope of quenching their thirst, reinspirited the soldiers. A few hours later another pool was reached, but not of that purity which was desirable. The odor of the water was suc
to admit. The statement in my official report Appendix, p. 320. that McPherson was at Decatur on the morning of the 19th, is proof of my ignorance of the circumstance on the 18th. These facts give evidence of the trying position in which I ation with the corps and the cavalry of the Army during the forepart of the night, I found myself, upon the morning of the 19th, in readiness to fulfil these grave duties devolving upon me. Our troops had awakened in me heartfelt sympathy, as I haus march of a hundred miles into the heart of the Confederacy. Accordingly, on the night of the 18th and morning of the 19th, I formed line of battle facing Peach Tree creek; the left rested near Pace's Ferry road, and the right covered Atlanta. General Sherman writes as follows, in regard to this engagement: Sherman's Memoirs, vol. II, pages 72. 73. On the 19th the three Armies were converging towards Atlanta, meeting such feeble resistance that I really thought the enemy intended
than had been exhibited since our retreat from Resaca, and so telegraphed General Bragg on the 15th of September. Upon the morning of the 18th, the Army began to move in the direction of the West Point Railroad, which the advance reached on the 19th. Upon the 20th, line of battle was formed, with the right east of the railroad, and the left resting near the river, with Army headquarters at Palmetto. I sent the following dispatch to General Bragg the succeeding day: [no. 30.] Sept only hope to bring victory to the Confederate arms. On the 17th, the Army resumed its line of march, and that night camped three miles from the forks of the Alpine, Galesville, and Summerville roads; thence proceeded towards Gadsden. On the 19th, I sent the following dispatches: [no. 35.]October 19th. General Bragg and Hon. J. A. Seddon. Headquarters will be to-morrow at Gadsden, where I hope not to be delayed more than forty-eight hours, when I shall move for the Tennessee riv
he people of the State to rally and drive back the enemy, but he was not successful in obtaining even one-half the number of men he anticipated, and a great portion of those who responded to his call were irregular troops. The Honorable B. H. Hill, in an eloquent address, also urged the people to action, but, as I have already stated, the country at this period was well nigh drained of all its resources. General Beauregard, as previously mentioned, left me on the I7th of November. On the 19th, the preliminaries to the campaign being completed, the cavalry was ordered to move forward. The succeeding day, Lee's Corps marched to the front a distance of about ten miles on the Chisholm road, between the Lawrenceburg and Waynesboroa roads. The same day, I received the following dispatch from General Beauregard: West Point, November 20th, 10 a. m. General J. B. Hood. Push on active offensive immediately. Colonel Brent informs me first order for movement of one of Jackson's
a. My corps was immediately put in motion, and was halted by Major General M. S. Smith, chief engineer of the Army, about six miles from Atlanta, and there put in position to cover the evacuation of the city. On the morning of September 1st, I was ordered to move my command towards Lovejoy's Station, which place I reached on the 3d. The Army remained at Lovejoy till September 18th, when it commenced moving to Palmetto Station, on the Atlanta and West Point Railroad, where it arrived on the 19th. Not having received the reports of my division commanders, it is impossible to notice those officers and commands deserving especial mention. It is my purpose to refer to their gallant deeds in a subsequent and more detailed report. I received at all times the cordial support of my division commanders--Major Generals Stevenson, Clayton and Brown, and afterwards Patton Anderson, commanding Hindman's old division, they always displayed great gallantry and zeal in time of battle. I regr