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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 2: Lee's invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania. (search)
tion. and early in the evening he withdrew Ewell's division from Gettysburg and the hills southeast of the town, and began preparations for a retreat toward the Potomac, by way of the Cumberland Valley. During that night and all the next day, July 4. while his Army remained on Seminary Ridge, he sent away as many of his sick and wounded as possible, with his enormous wagon-train of baggage, stores, and plunder, and troops of horses, mules, and cattle, captured in Pennsylvania. in his diary, July 4, Colonel Freemantle made the following record: wagons, horses, mules, and cattle, captured in Pennsylvania, the solid advantages of this campaign, have been passing slowly along the road all day; those taken by Ewell are particularly admired. these took the Chambersburg and Hagerstown roads, and were followed on the evening of the 4th by the whole Army along the latter highway, by the village of Fairfield, see map on page 62. carrying with them about four thousand prisoners. A sev
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 3: political affairs.--Riots in New York.--Morgan's raid North of the Ohio. (search)
countersigned by Judah P. Benjamin, was dated August 1, 1863. The allusion in the closing sentence of the above paragraph is explained by the fact that, on the 4th of July, when Davis felt confident that Lee was victorious at Gettysburg, instead of preparing to fly before a conquering army, as he really was, he sent Alexander H. Sized resistance to the Draft appeared in various. parts of the country, and distinguished members of the Peace, Faction were heard, on the National anniversary, July 4. exhorting the, people to stand firmly in opposition to what they called the usurpations of the Government. The most conspicuous of these orators were ex-Preside killed in the affray. After partly sacking the town, the raiders proceeded to destroy a bridge over the Green River, at Tebb's Bend, where they were confronted July 4. by two hundred Michigan troops, under Colonel Moore, and, after a desperate fight of several hours, were repulsed with a loss of more than two hundred killed and
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 5: the Chattanooga campaign.--movements of Sherman's and Burnside's forces. (search)
own the stream, See page 625, volume II. when Vicksburg was surrendered. Grant at once sent out to Sherman all that, remained of that officer's and McPherson's corps, to drive Johnston from Jackson and the railway. In the afternoon of the 4th of July 1863. the re-enforcements were in motion, and when, the next day, they joined Sherman, that leader had about fifty thousand effective men under his command. With these he crossed the Big Black, July 6. his right, under Ord, passing at the sPrentiss's real strength, and when, on the 3d of July, 1863. he and his army were within four miles of Helena, they were marching to certain defeat and humiliation. They advanced at midnight, and took position within a mile of the outer works; July 4. and at daylight moved to the assault in three columns: Price, with the brigades of Parsons and McRae, over three thousand strong, to attack a battery on Graveyard Hill; Fagan, with four regiments of infantry, to assail another on Hindman's Hill;
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 14: Sherman's campaign in Georgia. (search)
t bank of the Chattahootchee where the railway crossed it, and there, in the course of a few hours, he caused to be constructed earth-works of sufficient strength to enable a detachment to keep the pursuers at bay until a greater portion of his army should make the passage of the river. He had also an intrenched line at Smyrna camp-meeting ground, five miles from Marietta. There the pursuing Thomas halted, and there Sherman overtook that army, paused, and considered. On the following day July 4 he pushed a heavy skirmish line forward, captured the entire line of Confederate rifle-pits, with some prisoners, and made strong demonstrations toward Turner's Ferry. That night Johnston abandoned his advanced works, and the next morning his whole army was across the Chattahoochee, excepting heavy garrisons for the works covering the bridges. Sherman promptly advanced to the river at several uncovered points, but did not deem it prudent to attack the works of his adversary. Before the
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 16: career of the Anglo-Confederate pirates.--closing of the Port of Mobile — political affairs. (search)
emocratic or Opposition party had postponed the assembling of a National Convention to nominate a candidate for the Presidency, which had been appointed for the 4th of July, until the 29th of August, when it was to assemble in the city of Chicago. Meanwhile, there was a notable gathering of emissaries and friends of the Conspiratoe acquainted with the secret of the Conspirators, and took measures accordingly. We have observed that the Democratic Convention was to have been held on the 4th of July. In June, the commandant at Camp Douglas observed that a large number of letters, written by the prisoners (which were not sealed until they passed inspection the paper, written in invisible or sympathetic ink, and in which the friends of the writers were informed that the captives at Camp Douglas expected to keep the 4th of July in a peculiar way. The Convention, as we have seen, was postponed to the 29th of August. The vigilance of the commandant never relaxed, and more than a fortnig