Browsing named entities in Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4. You can also browse the collection for July 4th or search for July 4th in all documents.

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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 45: an antislavery policy.—the Trent case.—Theories of reconstruction.—confiscation.—the session of 1861-1862. (search)
in Washington ten days in the latter half of May, 1861, when he conferred with the President and General Scott, and was in his seat when the extra session opened, July 4, going to Washington a fortnight before it began. Forty-four senators were present, including those from Maryland, Missouri, Kentucky, and Tennessee. Among the as approved by a joint resolution of Congress; but it did not take effect as a law. It, however, testified to the country his genuine interest in the subject. On July 4 Sumner urged the President to commemorate the day by declaring emancipation and calling the slaves to our aid; but there were to be some weeks' delay. He lingerePresident had less vis inertio;. He is hard to move. He is honest but inexperienced. Thus far he has been influenced by the border States. I urged him on the 4th of July to put forth an edict of emancipation, telling him he could make the day more sacred and historic than ever. He replied: I would do it if I were not afraid tha
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 48: Seward.—emancipation.—peace with France.—letters of marque and reprisal.—foreign mediation.—action on certain military appointments.—personal relations with foreigners at Washington.—letters to Bright, Cobden, and the Duchess of Argyll.—English opinion on the Civil War.—Earl Russell and Gladstone.—foreign relations.—1862-1863. (search)
e, July 9 and 10, particularly in the speeches of Sherman, Fessenden, Collamer, and Rice of Minnesota, A committee of senators, headed by Trumbull, waited on the President to urge more vigorous measures,—among them the arming of negroes. New York Tribune, July 21, 1862.—none of whom had been disposed hitherto to move in that direction. Congress passed two acts which expressly authorized the employment of persons of African descent in the military or naval service. The President called, July 4, for three hundred thousand volunteers, and ordered a month later a conscription. Before the year ended voluntary enlistments, except under the offer of high bounties, had practically ceased, and the quotas could be filled only by drafts. Good citizens, whatever theoretic opinions they might have held on the slavery question, saw the necessity of resorting to every means for maintaining the army. Those who feared that in a draft the lot might fall on themselves were no longer unwilling th
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
ance of the future gives calmness. Some who come direct from General Grant declare that the war can be ended on the 4th July next. For myself, I have never seen when this war would be ended; for I was unable to estimate the courage and force thd deliverable at a future day; April 15. Congressional Globe, p. 1648. and several questions of internal taxation. July 4. Congressional Globe, pp. 3539, 3540. Sumner pleaded two days before the final adjournment that the time for closing the session should be extended beyond July 4, insisting that further financial legislation was imperatively required; but the senators, weary and overcome with heat, were deaf to his entreaties. Works, vol. IX. pp. 55-63. He said:— Mr. Prest come. I am not ready for any such step now. There is a dementia to adjourn and go home. To the Duchess of Argyll, July 4:— Congress will disperse to-day, having done several good things: (1) All fugitive-slave acts have been repealed; (
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 50: last months of the Civil War.—Chase and Taney, chief-justices.—the first colored attorney in the supreme court —reciprocity with Canada.—the New Jersey monopoly.— retaliation in war.—reconstruction.—debate on Louisiana.—Lincoln and Sumner.—visit to Richmond.—the president's death by assassination.—Sumner's eulogy upon him. —President Johnson; his method of reconstruction.—Sumner's protests against race distinctions.—death of friends. —French visitors and correspondents.—1864-1865. (search)
without qualification to Sumner's appeal. Of the members of the House, Boutwell At Weymouth, July 4. of Massachusetts, Julian Julian's Political Recollections, p. 268. of Indiana, and Garfield of Ohio, At Ravenna, O., July 4. Works of J. A. Garfield, vol. i. p. 85. each addressed the people of his State in favor of admitting freedmen to the suffrage. Sherman, speaking at Circlevillesuffrage for the colored people a condition precedent in the restoration of the rebel States. July 4, at Pittsfield. (Springfield Republican, July 19.) This journal agreed fully with Mr. Dawes's vind cannot afford to wait. To the Duchess of Argyll, August 15:-- I have yours of the 4th of July, as you were about to flee to Inverary, where I trust my tree has not ceased to flourish, altIbid , p. 366); July 8 (Ibid, p. 430); August 16 (Ibid., p. 432). one to the mayor of Boston, July 4. Works, vol. IX. p. 429. and another to the editor of the New York Independent. October 29.
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 55: Fessenden's death.—the public debt.—reduction of postage.— Mrs. Lincoln's pension.—end of reconstruction.—race discriminations in naturalization.—the Chinese.—the senator's record.—the Cuban Civil War.—annexation of San Domingo.—the treaties.—their use of the navy.—interview with the presedent.—opposition to the annexation; its defeat.—Mr. Fish.—removal of Motley.—lecture on Franco-Prussian War.—1869-1870. (search)
e immediately needed to prevent frauds, while those from the Pacific coast saw in it the introduction of the Chinese to citizenship. Sumner, unlike his colleague Wilson, was not daunted by fears of an Oriental invasion; and again (it was the Fourth of July he stood on the Declaration of Independence, fortifying himself also with Scripture and Lincoln's argument against Douglas. July 2 and 4. Works, vol. XIII. pp. 474-498. His amendment was lost when he moved it at one stage, and was carrie4. Works, vol. XIII. pp. 474-498. His amendment was lost when he moved it at one stage, and was carried when he moved it at another but it was finally rejected by the combined votes of the Democratic senators, senators from the Pacific coast, and Republican senators who thought it untimely; an amendment, however, admitting, aliens of African nativity or descent was carried, and became a part of the Act as passed. The differences between Trumbull and Sumner on fundamental conditions did not prevent their hearty co-operation on this question. A few days later. Sumner, when a bill to prohibit c