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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Alexander Zebina (*)Ale/candros *Zabi/nas), or ZABINAS, the son of a merchant named Protarchus, was set up by Ptolemy Physcon, king of Egypt, as a pretender to the crown of the Greek kingdom of Syria shortly after the death of Antiochus Sidetes and the return of Demetrius Nicator from his captivity among the Parthians. (B. C. 128.) Antioch, Apamea, and several other cities, disgusted with the tyranny of Demetrius, acknowledged the authority of Alexander, who pretended to have been adopted by Antiochus Sidetes; but he never succeeded in obtaining power over the whole of Syria. In the earlier part of the year 125 he defeated Demetrius, who fled to Tyre and was there killed; but in the middle of the same year Alexander's patron, the king of Egypt, set up against him Antiochus Grypus, a son of Demetrius, by whom he was defeated in battle. Alexander fled to Antioch, where he attempted to plunder the temple of Jupiter in order to pay his troops; but the people rose against him and drove h
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Sidetes (search)
since the murder of Antiochus VI. He married Cleopatra, the wife of his elder brother Demetrius Nicator, who was a prisoner in the hand of the Parthians. He carried on war against the Jews, and took Jerusalem after almost a year's siege, in B. C. 133. He then granted them a peace on favourable terms, and next directed his arms against the Parthians. At first he met with success, but was afterwards defeated by the Parthian king, and lost his life in the battle, after a reign of nine years. (B. C. 128.) His son Seleucus was taken prisoner in the same battle. Antiochus, like many of his predecessors, was passionately devoted to the pleasures of the table. He had three sons and two daughters, the latter of whom both bore the name of Laodice. His sons were Antiochus, Seleucus, and Antiochus (Cyzicenus), the last of whom subsequently succeeded to the throne. (J. AJ 13.8; 1 Maccab. xv., &c.; Justin, 36.1, 38.10 ; Diod. xxxiv. Ecl. 1; Athen. 10.439, xii. p. 540.) The reverse of the annexed co
ve meant merely to demonstrate his position, that physiology is above the human intellect, by shewing the impossibility of certainly attributing to this pantheistic essence, form, senses, or life. (Brucker, Hist. Crit. Phil. 2.2, 9; Ritter, Geschichte der Phil. 11.5, 1.) Ariston is the founder of a small school, opposed to that of Herillus, and of which Diogenes Laertius mentions Diphilus and Miltiades as members. We learn from Athenaeus (vii. p. 281), on the authority of Eratosthenes and Apollophanes, two of his pupils, that in his old age he abandoned himself to pleasure. He is said to have died of a coup de soleil. Works Diogenes (l.c.) gives a list of his works, but says, that all of them, except the Letters to Cleanthes, were attributed by Panaetius (B. C. 143) and Sosicrates (B. C. 200-128) to another Ariston, a Peripatetic of Ceos, with whom he is often confounded. Nevertheless, we find in Stobaeus (Serm. 4.110, &c.) fragments of a work of his called o(moiw/mata. [G.E.L.C]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Phraates II. (search)
Arsaces Vii. or Phraates II. PHRAATES II., the son of the preceding, was attacked by Antiochus VII. (Sidetes), who defeated Phraates in three great battles, but was at length conquered by him, and lost his life in battle, B. C. 128. [See p. 199, a.] Phraates soon met with the same fate. The Scythians, who had been invited by Antiochus to assist him against Phraates, did not arrive till after the fall of the former; but in the battle which followed, the Greeks whom Phraates had taken in the war against Antiochus. and whom he now kept in his service, deserted from him, and revenged the illtreatment they had suffered, by the death of Phraates and the destruction of his army. (Justin, 38.10, 42.1.) The reverse of the annexed coin has the inscription *B*A*S*I*L*E*W*S *M*E*G*A*L*O*U *A*R*S*A*K*O*U *Q*E*O*P*A*T*O*R*O*S *N*I*K*A*T*O*R*O*S.
Athenaeus 3. A general in the service of Antiochus VII. He accompanied him on his expedition against the Parthians, and was one of the first to fly in the battle in which Antiochus lost his life, B. C. 128. He, however, perished with hunger in his flight, as in consequence of some previous excesses, none of those to whom he fled would furnish him with the necessaries of life. (Diod. Exc. de Virt. et Vit. p. 603, ed. Wess.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Deme'trius Nicator (search)
s, having overthrown the usurper Tryphon and firmly established himself on the throne, engaged in war with Parthia, in consequence of which Phraates brought forward Demetrius, and sent him into Syria to operate a diversion against his brother. This succeeded better than the Parthian king had anticipated, and Antiochus having fallen in battle, Demetrius was able to reestablish himself on the throne of Syria, after a captivity of ten years, and to maintain himself there in spite of Phraates, B. C. 128. (Justin, 38.9, 10; Euseb. Arm. p. 167; J. AJ 13.8.4.) He even deemed himself strong enough to engage in an expedition against Egypt, but was compelled to abandon it by the general disaffection both of his soldiers and subjects. Ptolemy Physcon took advantage of this to set up against him the pretender Alexander Zebina, by whom he was defeated and compelled to fly. His wife Cleopatra, who could not forgive him his marriage with Rhodogune in Parthia, refused to afford him refuge at Ptolemai
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Luscus, A'nnius 3. T. Annius Luscus, T. F. T. N., with the agnomen RUFUS, was consul in B. C. 128. He was probably a son of the preceding. (Fasti.)
Octavius 4. Cn. Octavius, son of No. 3, was consul B. C. 128, and was accustomed to speak in the courts of justice. (Cic. de Orat. 1.36.)
Ruti'lius 5. C. Rutilius Rufus, probably a brother of the preceding, undersigned the accusation of P. Lentulus against M'.Aquillius, about B. C. 128. This C. Rufus was, like Publius, a friend of Scaevola. (Cic. Div. in Caecil. 21, Brut. 40.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Scae'vola, Mu'cius 6. Q. Mucius Scaevola, called the AUGUR, was the son of Q. Mucius SCAEVOLA, consul B. C. 174. He married the daughter of C. Laelius, the friend of Scipio Africanus the younger (Cic. Lael. 8, Brut. 100.26). He was tribunus plebis B. C. 128, plebeian aedile B. C. 125, and as praetor was governor of the province of Asia in B. C. 121, the year in which C. Gracchus lost his life. He was prosecuted after his return from his province for the offence of Repetundae, in B. C. 120, by T. Albucius, probably on mere personal grounds; but he was acquitted (Cic. de Fin. 1.3, Brulus, 26, 35, de Or. 1.17, 2.70). Scaevola was consul B. C. 117, with L. Caecilius Metellus. It appears from the Laelius of Cicero (100.1), that he lived at least to the tribunate of P. Sulpicius Rufus, B. C. 88. Cicero, who was born B. C. 106, informs us, that after he had put on the toga virilis, his father took him to Scaevola, who was then an old man, and that lie kept as close to him as he could, in or
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