humiliating terms: the Aetolians again objecting to his being allowed to
remain at Sparta on any terms at all. In this year also legates from
Antiochus visit Flamininus, but are referred to the Senate.
B. C. 194: Publius Cornelius Scipio II., Tiberius Sempronius Longus, Coss.
Flamininus leaves Greece after a speech at Corinth to the assembled
league advising internal peace and loyalty to Rome, and enters Rome in
triumph. There is a time of comparative tranquillity in Greece.
B. C. 193: L. Cornelius Merula, Q. Minucius Thermus, Coss.
The legates from Antiochus are sent back with the final answer that,
unless the king abstains from entering Europe in arms, the Romans will
free the Asiatic Greek cities from him. Roman legates, P. Sulpicius, P.
Villius, P. Aelius, are sent to him. Hannibal arrives at the court of
Antiochus, and urges him to resist; and the Aetolians urge the same
course, trying also to stir up Nabis and Philip of Macedon. Antiochus
accordingly will give the
Polybius, Histories, book 32, Massanissa Harasses the Carthaginians (search)
the long peace, But he
was unable to get possession of the towns, because they were
carefully guarded by the Carthaginians. and the Romans invariably support Massanissa.
Both parties then referring their case to the Roman Senate, and frequent embassies
coming to Rome from both sides, it always happened that
the Carthaginians got the worst of it in the
judgment of the Romans, not on the merits
of the case, but because the judges were convinced that such a decision was in
their interests. B.C. 193, cp. Livy, 34, 62. For instance,
not many years before this Massanissa was himself at the head of an army in pursuit of Aphther,
who had revolted from him, and asked permission of the Carthaginians to go through this territory, which
they refused on the ground that it had nothing to do with him.
Owing, however, to the decisions given at Rome during this
period, the Carthaginians were put into such difficulties that
they not only lost the cities and territory, but had to pay
besides five hundr