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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 50 50 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 5 5 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), History of Rome, books 1-10 (ed. Rev. Canon Roberts) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 35-37 (ed. Evan T. Sage, PhD professor of latin and head of the department of classics in the University of Pittsburgh) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Samnite History (ed. Horace White), Fragments (search)
ngers to him unless they were prepared to surrender their arms and their persons. There-upon a lamentation was raised as though a city had been captured, and the consuls delayed several days longer, hesitating to do an act unworthy of Rome. But when no means of rescue appeared and famine became severe, there being 50,000 young men in the defile whom they could not bear to see perish, they surrendered to Pontius and begged him either to kill them, or to sell them into slavery, or to keep B.C. 321 them for ransom, but not to put any stigma of shame upon the persons of the unfortunate. Pontius took counsel with his father, sending to Caudium to fetch him in a carriage on account of his age. The old man said to him: "My son, for a great enmity there is but one cure,--either extreme generosity or extreme severity. Severity terrifies, generosity conciliates. Regard this first and greatest victory as a treasure-house of good fortune. Release them all without punishment, without sham
Appian, Syrian Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER IX (search)
prime minister. To this Laomedon, Ptolemy, the satrap of Egypt, came with a fleet and offered him a large sum of money if he would hand over Syria to him, because it was well situated for defending Egypt and for attacking Cyprus. When Laomedon refused Ptolemy seized him. Laomedon bribed his guards and escaped to Alcetas in Caria. Thus Ptolemy ruled Syria for a while, left a garrison there, and returned to Egypt. Y.R.433 Antigonus was satrap of Phrygia, Lycia, and Pamphylia. B.C. 321 Having been left as overseer of all Asia when Antipater went to Europe, he besieged Eumenes, the satrap of Cappadocia, who had been publicly declared an enemy of the Macedonians. The latter fled and brought Media under his power, but Antigonus afterward captured and killed him. When he returned he was received magnificently Y.R. 438 by Seleucus, the satrap of Babylon. One day Seleucus B.C. 316 punished one of the governors without consulting Antigonus, who was present, and the latter became a
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 9 (ed. Rev. Canon Roberts), chapter 1 (search)
TheThe Disaster at Caudium. following year (321 B.C.) was rendered memorable by the disaster which befell the Romans at Caudium and the capitulation which they made there. T. Veturius Calvinus and Spurius Postumius were the consuls. The Samnites had for their captain-general that year C. Pontius, the son of Herennius, the ablest statesman they possessed, whilst the son was their foremost soldier and commander.When the envoys who had been sent with the terms of surrender returned from their fruitless mission, Pontius made the following speech in the Samnite council: Do not suppose that this mission has been barren of results. We have gained this much by it, whatever measure of divine wrath we may have incurred by our violation of treaty obligations has now been atoned for. I am perfectly certain that all those deities whose will it was that we should he reduced to the necessity of making the restitution which was demanded under the terms of the treaty, have view
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 8 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.), chapter 28 (search)
in that year the liberty of the Roman plebs had as it were a new beginning; for menB.C. 326 ceased to be imprisoned for debt.The plebs had gained political liberty on the expulsion of the kings and the adoption of the republican government. now they were assured of personal liberty as well. The reform is put by Valerius Maximus (vi. i. 9) and Dionysius of Halicarnassus (xvi. 9) after the disaster at the Caudine Forks in 321 B.C. The change in the law was occasioned by the notable lust and cruelty of a single usurer, Lucius Papirius, to whom Gaius Publilius had given himself up for a debt owed by his father. The debtor's youth and beauty, which might well have stirred the creditor's compassion, did but inflame his heart to lust and contumely. regarding the lad's youthful prime as additional compensation for the loan, he sought at first to seduce him with lewd conversation; later, finding he turned a deaf ear to the base proposal, he began to threaten him and now and ag
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 35 (ed. Evan T. Sage, PhD professor of latin and head of the department of classics in the University of Pittsburgh), chapter 11 (search)
, for in the first place the consul's camp was assailed and with difficulty defended, and a little later, when the Roman column was being led through a narrow glade, the very exit was blocked by an army of the Ligures. Since the way there was not open,B.C. 193 the consul began to move to the rear and retrace his steps. In the rear too the exit of the pass was closed by part of the enemy, and visions of the Caudine disasterA Roman army had been entrapped in the pass of Caudium in 321 B.C. and had been captured and sent under the yoke. not only flitted through their minds but also appeared before their eyes. He had about eight hundred Numidian cavalry among the auxiliaries. Their commander promised the consul that he and his men would break through wherever he wished, if only the consul would inform him on which side the towns were more numerous; he would attack them and give his first attention to setting fire to the buildings, that the alarm might compel the Lig
Alexander Iv. (*)Ale/candros), king of MACEDONIA, the son of Alexander the Great and Roxana, was born shortly after the death of his father, in B. C. 323. He was acknowledged as the partner of Philip Arrhidaeus in the empire, and was under the guardianship of Perdiccas, the regent, till the death of the latter in B. C. 321. He was then for a short time placed under the guardianship of Pithon and the general Arrhidaeus, and subsequently under that of Antipater, who conveyed him with his mother Roxana, and the king Philip Arrhidaeus and his wife to Macedonia in 320. (Diod. 18.36, 39.) On the death of Antipater in 319, the government fell into the hands of Polysperchon; but Eurydice, the wife of Philip Arrhidaeus, began to form a powerful party in Macedonia in opposition to Polysperchon; and Roxana, dreading her influence, fled with her son Alexander into Epeirus, where Olympias had lived for a long time. At the instigation of Olympias, Aeacides, king of Epeirus, made common cause with
Ambustus 10. Q. FABIUS (Q. F. Q. N.) AMBUSTUS, dictator in B. C. 321, but immediately resigned through some fault in the election. (Liv. 9.7.)
Amphi'machus (*)Amfi/maxos), obtained the satrapy of Mesopotamia, together with Arbelitis, in the division of the provinces by Antipater in B. C. 321. (Arrian, apud Phot. p. 71b., 26, ed. Bekker ; Diod. 18.39
Arrhidaeus 2. One of Alexander's generals, was entrusted with the conduct of Alexander's funeral to Egypt. On the murder of Perdiccas in Egypt, B. C. 321, he and Pithon were appointed regents, but through the intrigues of Eurydice, were obliged soon afterwards to resign their office at Triparadisus in Upper Syria. On the division of the provinces which was made at this place, Arrhidaeus obtained the Hellespontine Phrygia. In B. C. 319, after the death of Antipater, Arrhidaeus made an unsuccessful attack upon Cyzicus; and Antigonus gladly seized this pretext to require him to resign his satrapy. Arrhidaeus, however, refused, and shut himself up in Cius. (Justin, 13.4; Arrian, apud Phot. Cod. 92, p. 71a, 28, &c., ed. Bekker; Diod. 18.36, 39, 51, 52, 72.)
Arvi'na 2. A. Cornelius Arvina, the fetialis, sent to restore to the Samnites the prisoners who had been set free by them after the battle of Caudium, B. C. 321. (Liv. 9.10.)
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