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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 33 33 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 5 5 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Letters (ed. Norman W. DeWitt, Norman J. DeWitt) 2 2 Browse Search
Demades, On the Twelve Years 1 1 Browse Search
Dinarchus, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Hyperides, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 324 BC or search for 324 BC in all documents.

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s speech, Aeschines acknowledged himself conquered, and withdrew from the court and his country. When the matter was put to the votes, not even a fifth of them was in favour of Aeschines. Aeschines went to Asia Minor. The statement of Plutarch, that Demosthenes provided him with the means of accomplishing his journey, is surely a fable. He spent several years in Ionia and Caria, occupying himself with teaching rhetoric, and anxiously waiting for the return of Alexander to Europe. When in B. C. 324 the report of the death of Alexander reached him, he left Asia and went to Rhodes, where he established a school of eloquence, which subsequently became very celebrated, and occupies a middle position between the grave manliness of the Attic orators, and the effeminate luxuriance of the so-called Asiatic school of oratory. On one occasion he read to his audience in Rhodes his speech against Ctesiphon, and when some of his hearers expressed their astonishment at his having been defeated no
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
urned to Europe under the command of Craterus. Towards the close of the same year (B. C. 325) he went to Ecbatana, where he lost his great favourite Hephaestion; and his grief for his loss knew no bounds. From Ecbatana he marched to Babylon, subduing in his way the Cossaei, a mountain tribe; and before he reached Babylon, he was met by ambassadors from almost every part of the known world, who had come to do homage to the new conqueror of Asia. Alexander reached Babylon in the spring of B. C. 324, about a year before his death, notwithstanding the warnings of the Chaldeans, who predicted evil to him if he entered the city at that time. He intended to make Babylon the capital of his empire, as the best point of communication between his eastern and western dominions. His schemes were numerous and gigantic. His first object was the conquest of Arabia, which was to be followed, it was said, by the subjugation of Italy, Carthage, and the west. But his views were not confined merely to
Amphi'stratus (*)Amfi/stratos), a Greek sculptor, flourished about B. C. 324. From the notices of two of his works by Pliny (36.4.10) and Tatian (Orat. in Graec. 52, p. 114, Worth.), it is supposed that most of his statues were cast in bronze, and that many of them were likenesses. [P.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Soter (search)
Anti'ochus I. or Anti'ochus Soter (*)Anti/oxos), king of SYRIA, surnamed SOTER (*Swth/r), was the son of Seleucus Nicator and a Persian lady, Apama. The marriage of his father with Apama was one of those marriages which Alexander celebrated at Susa in B. C. 325, when he gave Persian wives to his generals. This would fix the birth of Antiochus about B. C. 324. He was present with his father at the battle of Ipsus in B. C. 301, which secured for Seleucus the government of Asia. It is related of Antiochus, that he fell sick through love of Stratonice, the young wife of his father, and the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes, and that when his father learnt the cause of his illness through his physician Erasistratus, he resigned Stratonice to him, and gave him the government of Upper Asia with the title of king. On the murder of his father in Macedonia in B. C. 280, Antiochus succeeded to the whole of his dominions, and prosecuted his claims to the throne of Macedonia against Antigonus Gon
tions of Olympias, and perhaps by the known sentiments of Antipater himself. (Curt. 6.1.17, &c., 10.10.14; Plut. Ages. p. 604b., Alex. pp. 688, c., 705, f.; Perizon., ad Ael. V. H. 12.16; Thirlw. Gr. Hist. vol. vii. p. 89; but see Plut. Phoc. p. 749e.; Ael. VH 1.25.) Whether, however, from jealousy or from the necessity of guarding against the evil consequences of the dissensions between Olympias and Antipater, the latter was ordered to lead into Asia the fresh troops required by the king, B. C. 324, while Craterus, under whom the discharged veterans were sent home, was appointed to the regency in Macedonia. (Arr. vii. p. 155; Pseudo-Curt. 10.4.9, &c.; Just. 12.12.) The story which ascribes the death of Alexander, B. C. 323, to poison, and implicates Antipater and even Aristotle in the plot, is perhaps sufficiently refuted by its own intrinsic absurdity, and is set aside as false by Arrian and Plutarch. (Diod. 17.118; Paus. 8.18; Tac. Ann. 2.73; Curt. 10.10.14, &c.; Arr. vii. p. 167;
Athenodo'rus 9. Of TEOS, a player on the cithara, was one of the performers who assisted at the festivities celebrated at Susa in B. C. 324, on the occasion of the marriage of Alexander with Statira. There was also a tragedian of the same name, whose services were called into requisition on the same occasion. (Athen. 12.538.) [C.P.M]
Atropates (*)Atropa/ths), called Atrapes by Diodorus (18.4), a Persian satrap, apparently of Media, had the command of the Medes, together with the Cadusii, Albani, and Sacesinae, at the battle of Guagamela, B. C. 331. After the death of Dareius, he was made satrap of Media by Alexander. (Arrian, 3.8, 4.18.) His daughter was married to Perdiccas in the nuptials celebrated at Susa in B. C. 324; and he received from his fatherin-law, after Alexander's death, the province of the Greater Media. (Arrian, 7.4; Just. 18.4 ; Diod. l.c.) In the northern part of the country, called after him Media Atropatene, he established an independent kingdom, which continued to exist down to the time of Strabo. (Strab. xi. p.523.) It was related by some authors, that Atropates on one occasion presented Alexander with a hundred women, said to be Amazons; but Arrian (7.13) disbelieved the stor
r's invasion of Asia, she and her children were sent by Memnon to Dareius III. as hostages for his fidelity; and in the ensuing year, when Damascus was betrayed to the Macedonians, she fell into the hands of Alexander, by whom she became the mother of a son named Hercules. On Alexander's death, B. C. 323, a claim to the throne on this boy's behalf was unsuccessfully urged by Nearchus. From a comparison of the accounts of Diodorus and Justin, it appears that he was brought up at Pergamus under his mother's care, and that she shared his fate when (B. C. 309) Polysperchon was induced by Cassander to murder him. (Plut. Alex. 21, Eum. 1; Diod. 17.23, 20.20, 28; Curt. 3.13.14, 10.6.10; Just. 11.10, 13.2, 15.2; Paus. 9.7.) Plutarch (Eum. l.c.) mentions a sister * Perhaps a half-sister, a daughter of Artabazus by the sister of Memnon and Mentor. of hers, of the same name, whom Alexander gave in marriage to Eumenes at the grand nuptials at Susa in B. C. 324; but see Arrian, Anab. vii. p. 148e.
Barsine 2. Known also by the name of Stateira, was the elder daughter of Dareius III., and became the bride of Alexander at Susa, B. C. 324. Within a year after Alexander's death she was treacherously murdered by Roxana, acting in concert with the regent Perdiccas, through fear of Barsine's giving birth to a son whose claims might interfere with those of her own. (Plut. Alex. 70, 77; Arr. Anab. vii. p. 148d.; Diod. 17.107.) Justin (11.10) seems to confound this Barsine with the one mentioned above. [E.E]
Calli'nes (*Kalli/nhs), a veteran officer in the royal companion-cavalry (th=s i(/ppou th=s e(tairikh=s) of Alexander the Great, took an active part in the reconciliation between him and his army in B. C. 324. (Arrian, Arr. Anab. 7.11
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