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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Exordia (ed. Norman W. DeWitt, Norman J. DeWitt) 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 43-45 (ed. Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 348 BC or search for 348 BC in all documents.

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ired established his reputation. His former occupation as a scribe to Aristophon and Eubulus had made him acquainted with the laws and constitution of Athens, while his acting on the stage had been a useful preparation for public speaking. During the first period of his public career, he was, like all other Athenians, zealously engaged in directing the attention of his fellow-citizens to the growing power of Philip, and exhorted them to check it in its growth. After the fall of Olynthus in B. C. 348, Eubulus prevailed on the Athenians to send an embassy to Peloponnesus with the object of uniting the Greeks against the common enemy. and Aeschines was sent to Arcadia. Here Aeschines spoke at Megalopolis against Hieronymus an emissary of Philip, but without success; and from this moment Aeschines, as well as all his fellow-citizens, gave up the hope of effecting anything by the united forces of Greece. (Dem. De fals. Leg. pp. 314, 438; Aesch. De fals. Leg. p. 38.) When therefore Philip,
consul, and as he was commencing the combat, a raven settled upon his helmet, and, as often as he attacked the Gaul, the raven flew at the face of the foe, till at length the barbarian fell by the sword of Valerius. A general battle then ensued, in which the Gauls were entirely defeated. The consul presented Valerius with ten oxen and a golden crown, and the grateful people elected him, in his absence, consul for the next year, though he was only twenty-three years of age. He was consul in B. C. 348 with L. Popillius Laenas. There was peace in that year both at home and abroad: a treaty was made with Carthage. (Liv. 7.26, 27; Gel. 9.11; V. Max. 8.15.5; Eutrop. 2.6.) In B. C. 346 Corvus was consul a second time with C. Poetelius Libo. He carried on war against the Volsci, defeated them in battle, and then took Satricum, which he burnt to the ground with the exception of the temple of Mater Matuta. He obtained a triumph on his return to Rome. (Liv. 7.27; Censorin. de Die Nat. 17.) I
Cte'siphon 2. An Athenian, who was sent in B. C. 348 as ambassador to king Philip of Macedonia, with the view of recovering the ransom which Phrynon of Rhamnus had been obliged to pay during the truce of the Olympian games to pirates who were in the pay of Philip. On his return from Macedonia, Ctesiphon confirmed the report which had been brought to Athens by Euboean ambassadors, that Philip was inclined to make peace with the Athenians. After this, Ctesiphon was one of the ten ambassadors who treated with Philip about peace. (Dem. de Fals. Leg. pp. 344, 371; Argum. ad Dem. de Fals. Leg. p. 336; Aeschin. de Fals. Leg. cc. 4, 12, 14; Harpocrat. s. v. *Kthsifw=n.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Denter, Li'vius 1. C. Lvius Denter, magister equitum to the dictator C. Claudius Crassinus Regillensis in B. C. 348. (Fast.)
Epi'crates (*)Epikra/ths), of Ambracia, was an Athenian comie poet of the middle comedy, according to the testimony of Athenaeus (x. p. 422f.), confirmed by extant fragments of his plays, in which he ridicules Plato and his disciples, Spensippus and Menedemus, and in which lie refers to the courtezan Lais, as being now far advanced in years. (Athen. 2.59d., xiii. p. 570b.) From these indications Meineke infers that he flourished between the 101st and 108th Olympiads (B. C. 376-348). Two plays of Epicrates, *)/Emporos and *)Antilai+/s are mentioned by Suidas (s. v.), and are quoted by Athenaeus (xiv. p. 655f., xiii. pp. 570, b., 605, e.), who also quotes his *)Amazo/nes (x. p. 422f.) and *Du/spratos (vi. p. 262d.), and informs us that in the latter play Epicrates copied some things from the *Du/spratos of Antiphanes. Aelian (Ael. NA 12.10) quotes the *Xoro/s of Epicrates. We have also one long fragment (Athen. 2.59c.) and two shorter ones (Athen. 11.782f.; Pollux, 4.121) from his unkn
roduced into the court a body of partisans armed with daggers, and that he himself took care that the judges should see his sword during the trial. He and Menestheus were acquitted: Timotheus was arraigned afterwards, probably in the following year (B. C. 354), and condemned to a heavy fine. From the period of his trial Iphicrates seems to have lived quietly at Athens. The exact date of his death is not known, but Demosthenes (c. Meid. p. 534) speaks of him as no longer alive at that time (B. C. 348). (Diod. 16.21; Nep. Iph. 3, Tim. 3; Deinarch. c. Philoel. p. 110; Polyaen. 3.9; Arist. Rhet. 3.10.7 ; Quint. 5.10.12; Senec. Exc. Cat. 6.5; Isocr. peri\ *)Antid. § 137; Rehdantz, 7.7.) Iphicrates has been commended for his combined prudence and energy as a general. The worst words, he said, that a commander could utter were, " I should not have expected it,"-ou)k a)\n prosedo/khsa. (Plut. Apoph. Iph. 2; Dem. Prooem. p. 1457; Polyaen. 3.9.) Like Chabrias and Chares, he was fond of residi
ioned (Liv. 7.16) as prosecutor of C. Licinius Stolo for the transgression of his own law, which limited the possession of public land to 500 jugera. Pighius (Annales, vol. i. p. 284) has put down Popillius as praetor of the year B. C. 357, but this is not warranted by Livy's expression, as Drakenborch has shown (ad Liv. 7.16); and it is even improbable, from the term (accusare) used by Valerius Maximus (8.6.3). Perhaps Popillius was aedile, whose duty it seems to have been to prosecute the transgressors of agrarian as well as usury laws. (Comp. Liv. 10.13.) Popillius was consul again in the next year (B. C. 356), when he drove the Tiburtines into their towns. (Liv. 7.17.) He was chosen consul for a third time B. C. 350, when he won a hard-fought battle against the Gauls, in which he himself was wounded (Liv. 7.23; App. Celt. 1.2.), and for which he celebrated a triumph -the first ever obtained by a plebeian. Popillius concluded his brilliant career by a fourth consulship, B. C. 348.
La'sthenes (*Lasqe/nhs). 1. An Olynthian, who, together with Euthycrates, is accused by Demosthenes of having betrayed his country to Philip of Macedon, by whom he had been bribed. It appears that he was appointed to command the cavalry belonging to Olynthus in B. C. 348, when Philip directed his arms against the city; but availed himself of the opportunity to betray into the hands of the king a body of 500 horse, which were made prisoners without resistance. After the fall of Olynthus, Philip naturally treated with neglect the traitors, of whom he had no longer any need; but it seems to have been erroneously inferred from an expression of Demosthenes, that they were positively ill treated, or even put to death, by that monarch. An anecdote related by Plutarch shows that Lasthenes was resident at the court of Philip at a subsequent period. (Dem. de Chers. p. 99, Philipp. iii. p. 128, De Cor. p. 241, De Fals. Legg. pp. 425, 426, 451; Diod. 16.53; Plut. Apophth. p. 178. See also Thir
nts except his augurship, to which Augustus had specially appointed him, although, at the time of his admission, there was no vacancy in the augural college. (D. C. 49.16.) About two years before his death, which happened about the middle of Augustus's reign, B. C. 3-A. D. 3 (Dialog. de Orat. 17), Messalla's memory failed him, and he often could not recall his own name. (Hieron. ad Euseb. 2027; Plin. Nat. 7.24.) A statue erected by Augustus in his own forum to M. Valerius Corvus, consul in B. C. 348, was probably either a tribute to his living or a memorial of his deceased friend Messalla. (Gel. 9.11; comp. Suet. Aug. 21.) He left at least one son, Aurelius Cotta Messallinus [COTTA, No. 12]; and he had a brother who bore the name of Gellius Poplicola. (D. C. 47.24.) His tomb was of remarkable splendour. (Mart. 8.3, 10.2.) Messalla was as much distinguished in the literary as in the political world of Rome. He was a patron of learning and the arts, and was himself an historian, a poe
ces and promises; but just at this crisis the recovery of Pherae by Peitholaus gave him an opportunity of marching again into Thessaly. He expelled the tyrant, and the discontent among his allies was calmed or silenced by the appearance of the necessity for his interference, and their experience of its efficacy. Returning to the north, he prosecuted the Olynthian war. Town after town fell before him, for in all of them there were traitors, and his course was marked by wholesale bribery. In B. C. 348 he laid siege to Olynthus itself, and, having taken it in the following year through the treachery of Lasthenes and Euthycrates, he razed it to the ground and sold the inhabitants for slaves. The conquest made him master of the threefold peninsula of Pallene, Sithonia, and Acta, and he celebrated his triumph at Dium with a magnificent festival and games. [LASTHENES; ARCHELAUS.] After the fill of Olynthus the Athenians had every reason to expect the utmost hostility from Philip, and they
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