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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 20 20 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 354 BC or search for 354 BC in all documents.

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Apollo'crates (*)Apollokra/ths), the elder son of Dionysius, the Younger, was left by his father in command of the island and citadel of Syracuse, but was compelled by famine to surrender them to Dion, about B. C. 354. He was allowed to sail away to join his father in Italy. (Plut. Dio 37, &c., 56; Strab. vi. p.259; Nepos, Dion, 5 ; Aelian, Ael. VH 2.41.) Athenaeus speaks (vi. pp. 435, f., 436, a.) of Apollocrates as the son of the elder Dionysius; but this must be a mistake, unless we suppose with Kühn (ad Ael. l.c.), that there were two persons of this name, one a son of the elder and the other of the younger Dionysi
he was accused 75 times of having made illegal proposals, but that he had always come off victorious. His influence with the people is most manifest from his accusation of Iphicrates and Timotheus, two men to whom Athens was so much indebted. (B. C. 354.) He charged them with having accepted bribes from the Chians and Rhodians, and the people condemned Timotheus on the mere assertion of Aristophon. (C. Nepos, Timoth. 3; Aristot. Rh. 2.23; Deinarch. c. Demosth. p. 11, c. Philocl. p. 100.) After; Deinarch. c. Demosth. p. 11, c. Philocl. p. 100.) After this event, but still in B. C. 354, the last time that we hear of him in history, he came forward in the assembly to defend the law of Leptines against Demosthenes, and the latter, who often mentions him, treats the aged Aristophon with great respect, and reckons him among the most eloquent orators. (c. Lept. p. 501, &c.) He seems to have died soon after. None of his orations has come down to us. (Comp. Clinton, Fast. Hell. ad Ann. 354.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Capitoli'nus, Qui'nctius 6. T. Quinctius Cincinnatus CAPITOLINUS, consular tribune in B. C. 368. [CINCINNATUS.] 7. T. QUINCTIUS PENNUS CAPITOLINUS CRISPINUS, T. F., was appointed dictator in B. C. 361, to conduct the war against the Gauls, as Livy thinks, who is supported by the triumphal fasti, which ascribe to him a triumph in this year over the Gauls. In the year following he was magister equitum to the dictator, Q. Servilius Ahala, who likewise fought against the Gauls. In B. C. 354 he was consul with M. Fabius Ambustus, and in that year the Tiburtines and Tarquinienses were subdued. In B. C. 351, he was appointed consula sesecond time, and received the conduct of the war against the Faliscans as his province, but no battle was fought, as the Romans confined themselves to ravaging the country. (Liv. 7.9, 11, 18, 22.)
Cassander (*Ka/ssandros). 1. King of Macedonia, and son of Antipater, was 35 years old before his father's death, if we may trust an incidental notice to that effect in Athenaeus, and must, therefore, have been born in or before B. C. 354. (Athen. 1.18a.; Droysen, Gesch. der Nachfolger Alexanders, p. 256.) His first appearance in history is on the occasion of his being sent from Macedonia to Alexander, then in Babylon, to defend his father against his accusers : here, according to Plutarch (Plut. Alex. 74), Cassander was so struck by the sight, to him new, of the Persian ceremonial of prostration, that he could not restrain his laughter, and the king, incensed at his rudeness, is said to have seized him by the hair and dashed his head against the wall. Allowing for some exaggeration in this story, it is certain that he met with some treatment from Alexander which left on his mind an indelible impression of terror and hatred,--a feeling which perhaps nearly as much as ambition urged
id. p. 540, &c.) Meidias found means to prevent any decision being given for a period of eight years, and at length, in B. C. 354, he had an opportunity to take revenge upon Demosthenes, who had in that year voluntarily undertaken the choregia. Meidrates. The general esteem which Demosthenes enjoyed as early as that time is sufficiently attested by the fact, that in B. C. 354, in spite of all the intrigues of Meidias, he was confirmed in the dignity of *Bouleuth/s, to which he had been elected p. 552). The active part he took in public affairs is further attested by the orations which belong to this period: in B. C. 354 he spoke against the projected expedition to Euboea, though without success, and he himself afterwards joined in it und. ad Leptin. p. 124; Schaefer, Apparat. Crit. i. p. 686. 13. *Peri\ *Summoriw=n *Peri\ *Summoriw=n, was delivered in B. C. 354. See Amersfoordt, Introduct. in Orat. de Symmor. Lugdun. Bat. 1821, reprinted in Schaefer's Appar. Crit. vol. i.; Parre
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Diodo'rus of SINOPE (search)
Diodo'rus of SINOPE (*Dio/dwros), of SINOPE, an Athenian comic poet of the middle comedy, is mentioned in an inscription (Böckh, i. p. 354), which fixes his date at the archonship of Diotimus (B. C. 354-353), when he exhibited two plays, entitled *Nekro/s and *Maino/menos, Aristomachus being his actor. Suidas (s. v.) quotes Athenaeus as mentioning his *Au)lhtri/s in the tenth book of the Deipnosophistae, and *)Epi/klhros and *Panhguristai/ in the twelfth book. The actual quotations made in our copies of Athenaeus are from the *Au)lhtri/s (x. p. 431c.) and a long passage from the *)Epi/klhros (vi. pp. 235, e., 239, b., not xii.), but of the *Panhguristai/ there is no mention in Athenaeus. A play under that title is ascribed to Baton or to PLATO. There is another fragment from Diodorus in Stobaeus. (Serm. 72.1.) In another passage of Stobaeus (Serm. 125.8) the common reading, *Dionu/sios, should be retained. (Meineke, Frag. Com. Graec. i. pp. 418, 419, iii. pp. 543-546.) [P
wed upon the latter once more the sole command by sea. Yet the reconciliation was fir from sincere: Heracleides, if we may believe the accounts of his enemies, withdrew, with the fleet under his command, to Messana, and even entered into negotiations with Dionysius: but he was again induced to submit to Dion, who (contrary, it is said, to the advice of all his friends) spared his life, and restored him to favour. But when the departure of Apollocrates had left Dion sole master of Syracase (B. C. 354), he no longer hesitated to remove his rival, whom he justly regarded as the chief obstaele to his ambitios designs; designs; and under pretence that Heraelei des was again intriguing against him, he caused him to be put to death in his own house by a band of armed men. But the popularity of Heracleides was so great, and the grief and indignation of the Syracusans, on learning his death, broke forth with so much violence, that Dion was compelled to honour him with a splendid funeral, and t
t given by Aristotle (Aristot. Rh. 2.23.7), seems to show that the accused was probably himself the author of it. He does not seem, however, to have trusted entirely either to his eloquence or to the justice of his cause, for we hear that he introduced into the court a body of partisans armed with daggers, and that he himself took care that the judges should see his sword during the trial. He and Menestheus were acquitted: Timotheus was arraigned afterwards, probably in the following year (B. C. 354), and condemned to a heavy fine. From the period of his trial Iphicrates seems to have lived quietly at Athens. The exact date of his death is not known, but Demosthenes (c. Meid. p. 534) speaks of him as no longer alive at that time (B. C. 348). (Diod. 16.21; Nep. Iph. 3, Tim. 3; Deinarch. c. Philoel. p. 110; Polyaen. 3.9; Arist. Rhet. 3.10.7 ; Quint. 5.10.12; Senec. Exc. Cat. 6.5; Isocr. peri\ *)Antid. § 137; Rehdantz, 7.7.) Iphicrates has been commended for his combined prudence and e
Nico'chares (*Nikoxa/rhs), an Athenian poet of the Old Comedy, the son of Philonides, also a comic poet. He was contemporary with Aristophanes (Suidas, s. v. *Nikoxa/rhs), and of the ward *Kudaqh/naion (Steph. Byz. s. v. *Kudaqh/naion). If the conjecture of Böckh be correct (Corp. Inscript. vol. i. p. 354), he was alive so far down as B. C. 354. The names of his plays, as enumerated by Suidas (l.c.), are, *)Amumw/nh, *Pe/loy, *Gala/teia, *(Hraklh=s gahw=n, *(Hraklm=s xorhgo/s, *Krh=tes. *Lakwnes, *Lh/mniai, *Ke/ntaupoi, *Xeipoga/otopes. Meineke (Com. Graec. Frag. vol. i. p. 253) ingeniously conjectures that the two first are but different names for the same comedy, from the fact that *Pe/loy does not occur in its alphabetical place, like the rest, and from the name Oenomaus occurring in a quotation from the *)Amumw/nh, given by Athenaeus (two lines, x. p. 426e.). Of the Galatea two small fragments are preserved. (Pollux, 10.93; Schol. in A ristoph. Plut. vv. 179, 303.) To "Heracles
that although exasperation against him had been excited at Athens, no suspicion of them, no apprehension of real danger appears to have been felt there; and even Demosthenes, in his speech against war with Persi (peri\ summoriw=n), delivered in B. C. 354, as also in that for the Megalopolitans (B. C. 353), makes no mention at all of the Macedonian power or projects (comp. Dem. Philipp. iii. p. 117; Clint. F. H. vol. ii. sub annis 353, 341.) In B. C. 354, the application made to Philip by CalliaB. C. 354, the application made to Philip by Callias, the Chalcidian, for aid against Plutarchus, tyrant of Eretria, gave him an opportunity, which he did not neglect, of interposing in the affairs of Euboea, and quietly laying the foundation of a Macedonian party in the island. [CALLIAS, No. 4.] But there was another and a nearer object to which the views of Philip were directed,--viz. ascendancy in Thrace, and especially the mastery of the Chersonesus, which had been ceded to the Athenians by CERSOBLEPTES, and the possession of which would
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