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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 5 5 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 363 BC or search for 363 BC in all documents.

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f three kings or satraps of Pontus. I. Was betrayed by his son Mithridates to the Persian king. (Xen. Cyr. 8.8.4; Aristot. Pol. 5.8.15, ed. Schneid.) It is doubtful whether this Ariobarzanes is the same who conducted the Athenian ambassadors, in B. C. 405, to the sea-coast of Mysia, after they had been detained three years by order of Cyrus (Xen. Hell. 1.4.7), or the same who assisted Antalcidas in B. C. 388. (Id. 5.1.28.) II. Succeeded his father, Mithridates I., and reigned 26 years, B. C. 363-337. (Diod. 16.90.) He appears to have held some high office in the Persian court five years before the death of his father, as we find him, apparently on behalf of the king, sending an embassy to Greece in B. C. 368. (Xen. Hell. 7.1.27.) Ariobarzanes, who is called by Diodorus (15.90) satrap of Phrygia, and by Nepos (Datam. 100.2) satrap of Lydia, Ionia, and Phrygia, revolted from Artaxerxes in B. C. 362, and may be regarded as the founder of the independent kingdom of Pontus. Demosthenes
Aventinensis 2. Cn. Genucius Aventinensis, M. F. M. N., consul B. C. 363, in which year the senate was chiefly occupied in endeavouring to appease the anger of the gods. (Liv. 7.3; Diod. 16.2.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Capitoli'nus, Ma'nlius 8. L. Manlius Capitolinus Imperiosus, A. F. A. N., was dictator in B. C. 363 clavi figendi causa. (Liv. 7.3.)
we may arrive still nearer at his age. Mummius brought the above-mentioned group of the Muses from Thespiae to Rome; and Cleomenes must therefore have lived previously to B. C. 146, the date of the destruction of Corinth. The beautiful statue of Venus is evidently an imitation of the Cnidian statue of Praxiteles; and Müller's opinion is very probable, that Cleomenes tried to revive at Athens the style of this great artist. Our artist would, according to this supposition, have lived between B. C. 363 (the age of Praxiteles) and B. C. 146. Now, there is another Cleomenes, the author of a much admired but rather lifeless statue in the Louvre, which commonly bears the name of Germanicus, though without the slightest foundation. It represents a Roman orator, with the right hand lifted, and, as the attribute of a turtle at the foot shews, in the habit of Mercury. There the artist calls himself *K*L*E*O*M*E*N*H*S *K*L*E*O*M*E*N*O*U*S *A*Q*H*N*A*I*O*S*E *P*O*I*H*S*E*N. He was therefore di
dun. Bat. 1825. 46. *Peri\ *Eu)e/rlou kai\ *Mnhsibou/lou yeudomarturiw=n *Peri\ *Eu)e/rlou kai\ *Mnhsibou/lou yeudomarturiw=n, belongs to the time after B. C. 355. Its genuineness is doubted by Harpocr. s. vv. *)Ekaki/stroun and h)|thme/nhn, H. Wolf, Böckh (l.c.), and I. Bekker. See Schaefer, Appar. Crit. v. p. 216. 47. *Kata\ *)Olumpiodw/rou bla/bhs *Kata\ *)Olumpiodw/rou bla/bhs after B. C. 343. 48. *Pro\s *Timo/qeon u(pe\r xre/ews *Pro\s *Timo/qeon u(pe\r xre/ews, falls between B. C. 363 and 354, but is considered spurious by Harpocrat. s. v. *Kakotexniw=n, Böckh, and Bekker (see Schaefer, Appar. Crit. v. p. 264). It is defended by Rumpf, de Orat. adv. Timothy , Giessen, 1821. 49. *Pro\s Polukle/a peri\ tou= e)pitrihrarxh/matos *Pro\s Polukle/a peri\ tou= e)pitrihrarxh/matos, after B. C. 361. 50. *Peri\ tou= *Stefa/nou th=s trihrarxi/as *Peri\ tou= *Stefa/nou th=s trihrarxi/as, after B. C. 361, is suspected by Becker, Demosth. als Staatsmann und. Redner, p. 465. 51
rances of fidelity from the chief men in the several states, he did not deem it necessary to put down the oligarchical governments which had been established under Spartan protection ; but the Arcadians made this moderation a ground of complaint against him to the Thebans, and the latter then sent harmosts to the different Achaean cities, and set up democracy in all of them, which, however, was soon overthrown every-where by a counter-revolution. (Xen. Hell. 7.1. §§ 41-43; Diod. 15.75.) In B. C. 363, when the oligarchical party in Arcadia had succeeded in bringing about a treaty of peace with Elis, the Theban officer in command at Tegea at first joined in the ratification of it; but afterwards, at the instigation of the chiefs of the democratic party, he ordered the gates of Tegea to be closed, and arrested many of the higher class. The Mantineians protested strongly against this act of violence, and prepared to resent it, and the Theban then released the prisoners, and apologized for
Imperio'sus a surname of three members of the Manlia gens,--L. Manlius Capitolinus Imperiosus, dictator in B. C. 363, Cn. Manlius Capitolinus Imperiosus, consul in 359 and 357 [CAPITOLINUS, Nos. 8, 9, p. 605], and T. Manlius Imperiosus Torquatus, dictator for the first time in 353. [TORQUATUS.]
Mamerci'nus 7. L. Aemilius Mam. N. Mamercinus, L. F., son of No. 6, was magister equitum to the dictator M. Furius Camillus, B. C. 368;. He was consul in B. C. 366 with L. Sextius Lateranus, who was the first plebeian elected to this dignity, in accordance with the Licinian law, which had been recently passed. He was again elected to the consulship in B. C. 363, with Cn. Genucius Aventinensis. (Liv. 6.38, 7.1, 3; Diod. 15.82; 16.2.)
Medulli'nus 12. L. Furius Sp. F. L. N. MEDULLINUS (son of the preceding), was twice military tribune with consular authority, B. C. 381, 370. In his first consular tribunate he was joined in the command of the Volscian war with M. Furius Camnillus. [CAMILLUS, No. 1.] Medullinus was through his own rashness defeated by the enemy. Camillus, however, rescued him, and afterwards named him his colleague in a second campaign. Medullinus was censor in B. C. 363. (Liv. 6.22-25, 36; Fast.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Mithridates I. son of Ariobarzanes (probably of the first prince of that name), is mentioned by Xenophon (Cyr. 8.8.4) as having betrayed his father, aud the same circumstance is alluded to by Aristotle (Aristot. Pol. 5.10). Eckhel supposes him to be the same with the Mithridates who accompanied the younger Cyrus, but there is certainly no proof of this. He may, however, be the same with the Mithridates mentioned by Xenophon (Xen. Anab. 7.8.25) as satrap of Cappadocia and Lycaonia. It appears that he was dead before B. C. 363, when Ariobarzanes II. made himself master of the countries which had been subject to his rule. (Diod. 15.90.)
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