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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 18 18 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 37 BC or search for 37 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Agesi'polis Ii. son of Cleombrotus, was the 23rd king of the Agid line. He ascended the throne B. C. 37], and reigned one year (Paus. 3.6.1; Diod. 15.60.) [C.P.M]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ought to obedience. His victories, especially those in Aquitania, contributed much to securing the power of Octavianus, and he was recalled by him to undertake the command of the war against Sex. Pompeius, which was on the point of breaking out, B. C. 37. Octavianus offered him a triumph, which Agrippa declined, but accepted the consulship, to which he was promoted by Octavianus in B. C. 37. Dio Cassius (48.49) seems to say that he was consul when he went to Gaul, but the words u(pa/teue de\ metB. C. 37. Dio Cassius (48.49) seems to say that he was consul when he went to Gaul, but the words u(pa/teue de\ meta\ *Louki/ou *Ga/llou seem to be suspicious, unless they are to be inserted a little higher, after the passage, tw=| d' *)Agri/ppa| th\n tou= nautikou= paraskeuh\n e)gxeiri/sas, which refer to an event which took place during the consulship of Agrippa. For, immediately after his promotion to this dignity, he was charged by Octavianus with the construction of a fleet, which was the more necessary, as Sextus Pompey was master of the sea. Agrippa, in whom thoughts and deeds were never separated (
onos), king of JUDAEA, the son of Aristobulus II. and the last of the Maccabees who sat on the royal throne. After his father had been put to death by Pompey's party, Antigonus was driven out of Judaea by Antipater and his sons, but was not able to obtain any assistance from Caesar's party. He was at length restored to the throne by the Parthians in B. C. 40. Herod, the son of Antipater, fled to Rome, and obtained from the Romans the title of king of Judaea, through the influence of Antony. Herod now marched against Antigonus, whom he defeated, and took Jerusalem, with the assistance of the Roman general Sosius, after a long and obstinate siege. Antigonus surrendered himself to Sosius,who handed him over to Antony. Antony had him executed at Antioch as a common malefactor in B. C. 37. (J. AJ 14.13-16, B. J. 1.13, 14; D. C. 49.22. Respecting the difference in chronology between Josephus and Dio Cassius, see Wernsdorf, de Fide Librorum Maccab. p. 24, and Ideler, Chronol. ii. p. 389, &c.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Phraates IV. (search)
Arsaces Xv. or Phraates IV. PHRAATES IV., who is described as the most wicked of the sons of Orodes, commenced his reign by murdering his father, his thirty brothers, and his own son, who was grown up, that there might be none of the royal family whom the Parthians could place upon the throne in his stead. In consequence of his cruelty many of the Parthian nobles tied to Antony (B. C. 37) and among the rest Monaeses, who was one of the most distinguished men in Parthia. At the instigation of Monaeses, Antony resolved to invade Parthia, and promised Monaeses the kingdom. Phraates, alarmed at this, induced Monaeses to return to him; but Antony notwithstanding persevered in his intention of invading Parthia. It was not, however, till late in the year (B. C. 36) that he commenced his march, as he was unable to tear himself away from Cleopatra. The expedition was a perfect failure; he was deceived by the Armenian king, Artavasdes, and was induced by him to invade Media, where he laid sieg
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ca'pito, Fonteius 3. C. Fonteius Capito, a friend of M. Antony, accompanied Maecenas, in B. C. 37, when he was sent by Octavianus to Antony to restore friendship between Octavianus and Antony. Capito remained with Antony, and was soon after sent by him to Egypt, to fetch Cleopatra to Syria. He is probably the same person as the C. Fonteius Capito who was appointed consul suffectus, in B. C. 33, together with M'. Acilius. There is a coin of his extant with the heads of Antony and Cleopatra, and on which Capito is called propraetor, and bears the praenomen Caius. (Horat. Sat. 1.5. 32; Plut. Ant. 36; Eckhel, Doctr. Num. v. p. 219.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Gallus, Cani'nius 2. L. Caninius Gallus, L. F., a son of No. 1, was consul in B. C. 37 with M. Agrippa. He is mentioned in the coin annexed, which belongs to B. C. 18 as a triumvir monetalis. The obverse represents the head of Augustus, and the reverse a Parthian kneeling, presenting a standard, with L. CANINIVS GALLVS IIIVIR. (Fasti; Dio Cass. Index, lib. 48, and 48.49; Borghesi, in the Giornale Arcadico, vol. xxvi, p. 66, &c.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Hero'd the Great or Hero'des Magnus (search)
n general Silo, laid siege to Jerusalem. But, rapid as his progress was at first, it was long before he could complete the establishment of his power; and the war was protracted for several years, a circumstance owing in part to the jealousy or corruption of the Roman generals appointed to co-operate with him. The Jews within the city appear to have been strongly attached to Antigonus, as the representative of the popular line of the Asmonean princes, and they held out firmly. Even when, in B. C. 37, Herod at length obtained vigorous assistance from Antony's lieutenant, Sosius, at the head of a regular army of Roman troops, it was only by hard fighting and with heavy loss that they were able to carry in succession the several lines of wall that surrounded the city, and it was with still more difficulty that Herod was able to purchase from the Roman soldiery the freedom from pillage of a part at least of his capital. (J. AJ 14.15, 16, B. J. 1.15-18; D. C. 49.22.) This long and sanguinar
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ards a frank and simple disclosure of his birth and of his circumstances: on the other the careless, abrupt, and somewhat haughtily indifferent manner of the great man, still betrays no appearance of wounded pride, to be propitiated by humble apology. For nearly nine months Maecenas took no further notice of the poet but at the end of that period he again sought his acquaintance, and mutual esteem grew up with the utmost rapidity. Probably the year following this commencement of friendship (B. C. 37), Horace accompanied his patron on that journey to Brundusium, so agreeably described in the fifth Satire, book i. This friendship quickly ripened into intimacy; and between the appearance of the two books of Satires, his earliest published works, Maecenas bestowed upon the poet a Sabine farm, sutficient to maintain him in ease, comfort, and even in content (satis beatus unicis Sabinis), during the rest of his life. The situation of this Sabine farm was in the valley of Ustica (Carm. 1.17.
ke him feel that he was their subject rather than their equal. The triumvirs were unable to prove anything against Lepidas, but it was not till after the Perusinian war in B. C. 40, that Octavian allowed Lepidus to take possession of his province, and he probably would not have obtained it even then, had not Octavian been anxious to attach Lepidus to his interests, in case of a rupture between himself and Antony. Lepidus remained in Africa till B. C. 36. On the renewal of the triumvirate in B. C. 37, for another five years, Lepidus had been included, though he had now lost all real power. In the following year, B. C. 36, Octavian summoned him to Sicily to assist him in the war against Sex. Pompey. Lepidus obeyed, but tired of being treated as a subordinate, he resolved to make an effort to acquire Sicily for himself and regain his lost power. He left Africa on the 1st of July, B. C. 36, and on his arrival in Sicily proceeded to act on his own account, without consulting Octavian. He fi
vol. i. p. 745.) They were also called Asamonaci (*)Asamwnai/oi), from Asamonaeus, or Chasmon, the great-grandfather of Mattathias, the father of Judas Maccabaeus, or, in a shorter form, Asmonaei or Hasmoonaei. This family, which eventually obtained the kingly dignity, first occurs in history in B. C. 167, when Mattathias raised the standard of revolt against the Syrian kings. According to Josephus (J. AJ 14.16) the Asmonaean dynasty lasted for 126 years; and as he places its termination in B. C. 37, the year in which Antigonus, king of Judaea, was put to death by M. Antony, it would have commenced in B. C. 163, when Judas Maccabaeus took Jerusalem, and restored the worship of the temple. At the death of Antigonus there were only two members of the Asmonaean race surviving, namely, Aristobulus and his sister Mariamne, the former of whom was put to death by Herod in B. C. 35, and the latter was married to the murderer of her brother, to whom she bore several children. The history of t
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