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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Dinarchus, Speeches 2 2 Browse Search
Aristotle, Economics 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 375 BC or search for 375 BC in all documents.

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restoration. (Thuc. 1.111.) He had been expelled either by the Thessalians or more probably by a faction of his own family, who wished to exclude him from the dignity of *basileu/s (i. e. probably Tagus), for such feuds among the Aleuadae themselves are frequently mentioned. (Xen.. Anab. 1.1.10.) After the end of the Peloponnesian war, another Thessalian family, the dynasts of Pherae, gradually rose to power and influence, and gave a great shock to the power of the Aleuadae. As early as B. C. 375, Jason of Pherae, after various struggles, succeeded in raising himself to the dignity of Tagus. (Xen. Hell. 2.3.4; Diod. 14.82, 15.60.) When the dynasts of Pherae became tyrannical, some of the Larissaean Aleuadae conspired to put an end to their rule, and for this purpose they invited Alexander, king of Macedonia, the son of Amyntas. (Diod. 15.61.) Alexander took Larissa and Crannon, but kept them to himself. Afterwards, Pelopidas restored the original state of things in Thessaly; but th
Ara'ros (*)Ararw/s), an Athenian comic poet of the middle comedy, was the son of Aristophanes, who first introduced him to public notice as the principal actor in the second Plutus (B. C. 388), the last play which he exhibited in his own name: he wrote two more comedies, the *Kw/kalos and the *Ai)olosi/kwn, which were brought out in the name of Araros (Arg. ad Plut. iv. Bekker), probably very soon after the above date. Araros first exhibited in his own name B. C. 375. (Suidas, s. v.) Suidas mentions the following as his comedies: *Kaineu/s, *Kampuli/wn, *Pano\s gonai/, *(Ume/naios, *)/Adwnis, *Parqenni/dion. All that we know of his dramatic character is contained in the following passage of Alexis (Athen. 3.123e.), who, however, was his rival: kai\ ga\r *Bou/lomai u(/dato/s se geu=sai: pra=gma d' e)sti/ moi me/ga fre/ator e)/ndon yuxro/teron *)Araro/tos. [P.
er to obtain for him a supply of money, or to bring about a peace; and in 371 accordingly we find him at Sparta with the ambassadors,--himself apparently without that title,-- who were empowered to negotiate peace for Athens. On this occasion Xenophon records a speech delivered by him after those of Callias and Autocles, and the only pertinent and sensible one of the three. (Xen. Hell. 6.3. §§ 3, 10, &c.; see Diod. 15.38, 51, who in the former passage assigns the mission of Callistratus to B. C. 375, confounding the peace of 371 with that of 374, and placing the latter a year too soon.) Again, in 369, the year of the invasion of Laconia by Epaminondas, Callistratus induced the Athenians to grant the aid which the Spartans had sent to ask. (Dem. c. Neaer. p. 1353; comp. Xen. Hell. 6.5.33, &c.) To B. C. 366 we may with most probability refer his famous speech on the affair of Oropus,--a speech which is said to have excited the emulation of Demosthenes, and caused him to devote himself t
would read *Damasi/as *Deukaliwn *Dionu/sios, in which he appears to have ridiculed the confusion which prevailed in all the arrangements of the palace of Dionysius Schol. ad Aristoph. Thesm. 136 *Dio/nusos, or, according to the fuller titleAthen. 11.460e. *Seme/lh h)\ *Dio/nusos *Do/lwn *Ei)rh/nh *Eu)ry/ph *)Hxw\ *)Ici/wn *)/Iwn, *Kalaqhfo/roi *Kampuli/wn (doubtful) *Katakollw/menus (doubtful) *Kerkw=pes *Kleyu/dra *Korudalo/s *Kubeutai/ *La/kwnes h)\ *i)/da *Mh/deia *Mulwqri/s *Musoi/ *Na/nnion *Nausika/a *Neotti/s *Cou=qos *)Odusseu/s h)\ *Parno/ptai *Oi)di/pous *Oi)no/maos h)\ *Pe/loy *)Olbi/a *)Orqa/nhs *Pa/mfilos *Pannuxi/as *Parmeni/skos *Plaggw/n *Pornobosko/s *Prokri/s *Prosousi/a h)\ *Ku/knos *Stefanopw/lides *Sfiggokari/wn *Titqai/ *Tita=nes, *Foi/nic *Xa/rites *Xrusilla *Ya/ltria. Edition Meineke, Frag. Com. Graec. vol. i. pp. 355-367, vol. iii. pp. 203-272. Further Information Clinton, Fast. Hell. sub ann. B. C. 375; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. iv. pp. 442-444. [P.S]
in question could not have been applied more appropriately. He not only adopted, but expanded the ambitious designs of Lycophron, and he advanced towards the fulfilment of his schemes ably, energetically, and unscrupulously. In B. C. 377 we find him aiding Theogenes to seize the Acropolis of Histiaea in Euboea, from which, however, the latter was afterwards dislodged by the Lacedaemonians under Therippidas or Herippidas. (Diod. 15.30; Palm. and Wess. ad loc. ; Casaub. ad Polyaen. 2.21.) In B. C. 375 all the Thessalian towns had been brought under Jason's dominion, with the exception of Pharsalus, which had been entrusted by the citizens to the direction of POLYDAMAS. Alcetas I., king of Epeirus, was associated with him rather as a dependent than an ally, and Thebes was leagued with him from enmity to Sparta, from which latter state, though it had supported Lycophron (Diod. 14.82), he held aloof, probably because of its connection with Pharsalus (Xen. Hell. vi. L §§ 2, 13), and also fr
ailing from Ephesus to the aid of Abydus against the Athenians, stopped at Tenedos, where he ravaged the land and exacted a supply of money from the inhabitants. The Athenian generals, Iphicrates and Diotimus, were preparing to succour Tenedos, but, when they heard of the arrival of Nicolochus at Abydus, they sailed from the Chersonesus and blockaded him there. Antalcidas, however, on his return in B. C. 387, put an end to the blockade, and wrested from the enemy the command of the sea. In B. C. 375 Nicolochus was appointed admiral, and sent out to act against Timotheus in the Ionian sea. With a force inferior in number to that of the Athenians, he gave them battle near Alyzia, on the Acarnanian coast, and was defeated; but, soon after, he was reinforced with six Ambracian ships, and again challenged Timotheus. His challenge was not then accepted; but it was not long before Timotheus, having refitted his galleys and increased his fleet, by an addition from Corcyra, to seventy ships, d
roiling Athens with Lacedaemon [GORGIDAS]; and in the campaigns against the Lacedaemonians in that and the two following years he was actively occupied, gradually teaching his countrymen to cope fearlessly with the forces of Sparta, which had ever been deemed so formidable. The successes occasionally gained by the Thebans during this period (slight in themselves, but not unimportant in the spirit which they engendered) Pelopidas shared with others; but the glory of the battle of Tegyra, in B. C. 375, was all his own. The town of Orchomenus in Boeotia, hostile to Thebes, had admitted a Spartan garrison of two moras, and during the absence of this force on an expedition into Locris, Pelopidas formed the design of surprising the place, taking with him for the purpose only the Sacred Band and a small body of cavalry. When he arrived, however, he found that the absent garrison had been replaced by fresh troops from Sparta, and he saw, therefore, the necessity of retreating. On his march ba
Poly'damas 2. Of Pharsalus in Thessaly, was entrusted by his fellow-citizens about B. C. 375, with the supreme government of their native town. Polydamas forced an alliance with Sparta, with which state his family had long been connected by the bonds of public hospitality; but he soon after entered into a treaty with Jason of Pherae. The history of this treaty is related elsewhere [Vol II. p. 554b.]. On the murder of Jason in B. C. 370, his brother Polyphron, who succeeded to his power, put to death Polydamas and eight other most distinguished citizens of Pharsalus. (Xen. Hell. 6.1.2, &
iews (Lys. de Arist. Bon. p. 155; Arist. Plut. 180 ; Schol. ad loc. ; Dem. c. Aphob. i. p. 815, c. Aphob. de F. T. p. 862; Pseudo-Dem. Erot. p. 1415). In B. C. 378, Timotheus was made general with Chabrias and Callistratus, and it is possible that, while Chabrias was occupied in Boeotia, his colleagues commanded the fleet, and were engaged in bringing over Euboea and other islands to the Athenian confederacy (Xen. Hell. 5.4.34 ; Diod. 15.29, 30; Plut. de Glor. Ath. 8; Rehdanttz, p. 57). In B. C. 375, Timotheus was sent with sixty ships to cruize round the Peloponnesus, in accordance with the suggestion of the Thebans, that the Spartans might thus be prevented from invading Boeotia. On his voyage he ravaged Laconia, and then proceeded to Corcyra, which he brought over to the Athenian alliance, behaving after his success with great moderation. This conduct, together with his conciliatory disposition and manners, contributed mainly to the prosperous issue of his further negotiations, and