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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 18 18 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 5-7 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 2 2 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
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Isocrates, Panegyricus (ed. George Norlin), section 114 (search)
And of their banishments, their civil strife, their subversion of laws, their political revolutions, their atrocities upon children, their insults to women, their pillage of estates, who could tell the tale? I can only say this much of the whole business—the severities under our administration could have been readily brought to an end by a single vote of the people,Such a decree of the Ecclesia as was passed in 378 B.C., when the new confederacy was formed, absolving the allies from paying tribute and from the practice of trying their cases in Athens. These had been the causes of friction. See Isoc. 12.63. while the murders and acts of violence under their regime are beyond any power to remedy
Isocrates, To Philip (ed. George Norlin), section 43 (search)
But why speak of ancient history, or of our dealings with the barbarians? If one should scan and review the misfortunes of the Hellenes in general, these will appear as nothing in comparison with those which we Athenians have experienced through the Thebans and the Lacedaemonians.Especially at the close of the Peloponnesian War. See Isoc. 14.31; Xen. Hell. 3.5.8. Nevertheless, when the Lacedaemonians took the field against the Thebans and were minded to humiliate Boeotia and break up the league of her cities, we sent a relief expeditionUnder Chabrias, against Agesilaus, 378 B.C. Xen. Hell. 5.4; Grote, Hist. ix. p. 343. and thwarted the desires of the Lacedaemonians.
Isocrates, Archidamus (ed. George Norlin), section 94 (search)
these we must avoid, but first and foremost we should be careful that we are never found doing any cowardly deed or making any unjust concessions to the foe; for it would be shameful if we, who onceSpartan supremacy lasted, theoretically, more than thirty years, from the end of the Peloponnesian War (404 B.C.) to the battle of Leuctra. Meantime, however, the Athenians secured for a short period their second naval empire (378 B.C.). were thought worthy to rule the Hellenes, should be seen carrying out their commands, and should fall so far below our forefathers that, while they were willing to die in order that they might dictate to others,Thucydides, i. 140, puts in the mouth of Pericles the assertion that the Spartans prefer to resolve their complaints by war and not by words, dictating terms instead of bringing charges. we would not dare to hazard a battle in order that we might prevent others from dictating
Isocrates, Areopagiticus (ed. George Norlin), section 1 (search)
Many of you are wondering, I suppose, what in the world my purpose isStrictly, what my purpose was. The aorist tense reflects the fact that the Athenian orators had to give written notice, in advance, of any subject they proposed to discuss before the General Assembly. See Isoc. 7.15. in coming forward to address you on The Public Safety, as if Athens were in danger or her affairs on an uncertain footing, when in fact she possesses more than two hundred ships-of-war, enjoys peace throughout her territory, maintains her empire on the sea,The second Athenian Confederacy, organized in 378 B.C. See General Introduction p. xxxvii.
Isocrates, On the Peace (ed. George Norlin), section 6 (search)
ns in the several states and of recovering the power which we formerly enjoyed,As head of the Confederacy of Delos, which developed into the Athenian Empire. During the period of supremacy, which lasted from the close of the Persian Wars to the end of the Peloponnesian War, Athens frequently disciplined recalcitrant confederate states by expelling their citizens and settling Athenians on their lands. Such settlements were called cleruchies. When Athens formed the new naval confederacy in 378 B.C. it was expressly stipulated by her allies and agreed to by Athens that such abuse of power should not be repeated. But the jingoistic orators advocated nothing less than the restoration of the former empire with all its powers and practices. while the latter hold forth no such hope, insisting rather that we must have peace and not crave great possessions contrary to justice,The state which seizes and holds foreign possessions is a robber. Isocrates throughout this discourse proposes to ma
Isocrates, Plataicus (ed. George Norlin), section 13 (search)
Why, who could believe that we had reached such a degree of folly as to have valued more highly a people who reduced our fatherland to slavery than the people who had given us a share in their own city?That is, the Athenians; see Introduction. No indeed, but it was difficult for us to attempt a revolt when we had so small a city ourselves and the Lacedaemonians possessed power so great, and when besides a Spartan governor occupied it with a garrison, and also a large army was stationed at Thespiae,Cf. Xen. Hell. 5.4.13-22. Cleombrotus, king of Sparta, in the beginning of 378 B.C., occupied Plataea and Thespiae. Sphodrias was the governor or harmost.
Isocrates, Antidosis (ed. George Norlin), section 101 (search)
Well, then, I do not see how I could show more clearly that the charges filed against me are false and that I am not guilty of corrupting my associates.My accuser has mentioned also the friendship which existed between me and Timotheus,Timotheus, the son of Conon and the favorite pupil of Isocrates, was first appointed to an important command in 378 B.C. From that time on for twenty-two years he was one of the prominent generals in Athenian campaigns. In 357 he was associated with Iphicrates, Menestheus, and Chares in command of the Athenian navy. For his alleged misconduct in this command he was tried in Athens (356 B.C. according to Diodorus) and condemned to pay an enormous fine of 100 talents. See § 129 and note. Unable to pay this, he withdrew to Chalcis in Euboea, where he died shortly after. See Grote, History, vol. xi. pp. 27 ff. The eulogy of Timotheus here is a characteristic “digression.” See General lntrod. p. xvi. and has attempted to calumniate us both, nor did
Pausanias, Description of Greece, Boeotia, chapter 13 (search)
rentine by descent, learned in the philosophy of Pythagoras the Samian. When Lacedaemon was at war with Mantineia, Epaminondas is said to have been sent with certain others from Thebes to help the Lacedaemonians. In the battle Pelopidas received wounds, but his life was saved by Epaminondas at the greatest risk to his own. Later on, when Epaminondas had come to Sparta as an envoy, what time the Lacedaemonians said they were concluding with the Greeks the peace called the Peace of Antalcidas,378 B.C Agesilaus asked him whether they would allow each Boeotian city to swear to the peace separately. He replied: “No, Spartans, not before we see your vassals“Neighbors,” Perioeci, Sparta's free neighbors with no political rights. taking the oath city by city.” When the war between Lacedaemon and Thebes had already broken out, and the Lacedaemonians were advancing to attack the Thebans with a force of their own men and of their allies, Epaminondas with a part of the army occupied to meet them
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 5, chapter 4 (search)
The Thebans, for their part, being also fearful in378 B.C. case no others except themselves should make war u that he would finish the journey to Piraeus before378 B.C. daybreak. But he was still at Thria when daylight resent himself for the trial, he was acquitted. And378 B.C. it seemed to many that the decision in this case w to converse with Agesilaus, and again, if it was a378 B.C. stranger, he did the same, and again he even made he has done something wrong, let him for our sakes378 B.C. obtain pardon at your hands.” And Agesilaus said: quitted. As for the Athenians, those among them who378 B.C. favoured the Boeotians pointed out to the people td had arrived at Thespiae, he made that his base of378 B.C. operations and proceeded against the country of tht when Agesilaus had noted that it was always after378 B.C. breakfast that the enemy also appeared, he offeredg where they could cross. Now the peltasts were few378 B.C. in number; the foremost of them were therefore sei
Polybius, Histories, book 2, The Wealth of Megalopolis (search)
ill more completely by a long continuance of intestine struggles; but of our own times, in which it is believed, by the establishment of its unity, to be enjoying the highest prosperity of which it is capable. Still even at this period, if you could collect all the movable property of the whole Peloponnese (leaving out the value of slaves), it would be impossible to get so large a sum of money together. That I speak on good grounds and not at random will appear from the following fact. B. C. 378. Every one has read that when the Athenians, in conjunction with the Thebans, entered upon the war with the Lacedaemonians, and despatched an army of twenty thousand men, and manned a hundred triremes, they resolved to supply the expenses of the war by the assessment of a property tax; and accordingly had a valuation taken, not only of the whole land of Attica and the houses in it, but of all other property: but yet the value returned fell short of six thousand talents by two hundred and fift
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