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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Oedipus at Colonus 2 2 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 1 1 Browse Search
Plato, Euthydemus, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 402 BC or search for 402 BC in all documents.

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longed to the old Attic comedy, for Athenaeus (x. p. 453) states, that he lived shortly before Strattis, who appears to have commenced his career as a comic poet about B. C. 412. From the Scholiast on Aristophanes (Aristoph. Kn. 526) we further learn, that Callias was an emulator of Cratinus. It is, therefore, probable that he began to come before the public prior to B. C. 424; and if it could be proved that he was the same person as Calliades [CALLIADES], he would have lived at least till B. C. 402. We still possess a few fragments of his comedies, and the names of six are preserved in Suidas, viz. *Ai)gu/ptios, *)Atala/nth (Zenob. 4.7), *Ku/klwpes (perhaps alluded to by Athen. 2.57, and Clem. Alex. Strom. vi. p. 264), *Pedh=tai (Athen. 8.344; Schol. ad Aristoph. Av. 31, 151; D. L. 2.18), *Ba/traxoi, and *Sxola/contes. Whether he is the same as the Callias whom Athenaeus (vii. p. 672, x. pp. 448, 453) calls the author of a grammatikh\ tragw|di/a, is uncertain. (Comp. Athen. iv. pp. 1
Cameri'nus 5. Q. SULPICIUS SER. F. SER. N. CAMERINUS CORNUTUS, son or grandson of No. 3, consular tribune in B. C. 402 and again in 398. (Liv. 5.8, 14; Diod. 14.38, 82.)
Ce'phalus 2. An eminent Athenian orator and demagogue of the Colyttean demus, who flourished at and after the time of the Thirty Tyrants, in effecting whose overthrow he appears to have borne a leading part. He is placed by Clinton at B. C. 402, on the authority of Deinarchus c. Demosth. p. 100. 4, ed. Steph., compare p. 95. 7-8.) This date is confirmed by Demosthenes, who mentions him in connexion with Callistratus, Aristophon the Azenian, and Thrasybulus. (De Coron. p. 301.) He is summoned by Andocides to plead for him at the end of the oration De Mysteriis. (B. C. 400.) He flourished at least thirty years longer. Aeschines (who calls him o( palaio\s e)kei=nos o( dokw=n dhmotikw/tatos gegone/nai) relates, that, on one occasion, when he was opposed to Aristophon the Azenian, the latter boasted that he had been acquitted seventy-five times of accusations against his public conduct, but Cephalus replied, that during his long public life he had never been accused. (c. Ctesiph. p. 81. 3
Cephisodo'rus (*Khfiso/dwros). 1. An Athenian comic poet of the old comedy, gained a prize B. C. 402. (Lysias, *Drod. p. 162. 2, ed. Steph; Suidas, s.v. Eudoc. p. 270.) This date is confirmed by the title of one of his comedies, *)Antilai+/s, which evidently refers to the celebrated courtezan Lais; and also by his being mentioned in connexion with Cratinus, Aristophanes, Callias, Diodes, Eupolis, and Hermippus. The following are the known titles of his plays : *)Antilai+/s, *)Amazo/nes, *Trofw/nios,*(=Us. A few fragments of them are preserved by Photius and Suidas (s. v. *)/Onos u(/etai, by Pollux (6.173, 7.40, 87), and by Athenaeus. (iii. p. 119d., viii. p. 345f., xi. p. 459a., xii. p. 553a., xiv. p. 629d., xv. p. 667d., p. 689f., p. 701b
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Diony'sius or Diony'sius the Elder or the Elder Diony'sius (search)
*)Adri/as.) Ancona too was probably founded by him at the same time. (Plin. Nat. 3.13; Strab. v. p.241; Arnold's Rome, vol. i. p. 437.) With the same view he sent a squadron to assist the Lacedaemonians in preventing the Athenians from establishing themselves at Corcyra, B. C. 373. (Xen. Hell. 6.2. §§ 4, 33.) The extent of his commercial relations may be inferred from his importing horses for his chariots from the Venetian tribes at the head of the Adriatic. (Strab. v. p.212.) As early as B. C. 402 he is mentioned as sending large supplies of corn to relieve a scarcity at Rome. (Liv. 4.52; Niebuhr, Rom. Hist. ii. p. 564.) At the same time he took every opportunity of extending his relations with foreign powers, and strengthening himself by alliances. Thus we find him assisting the Illyrians against their neighlours the Molossians (Diod. 14.13), and concluding a treaty with the Gauls, who had lately made their appearance in Italy, and who continued from this time to furnish a consider
all the members of the Virginia gens had the surname Tricostus, and those who dwelt on the Esquiline had the surname Esquilinus, just as those living on the Caelian hill had the surname CAELIOMONTANUS. Two members of the gens have the surname Esquilinus, namely, OPITER VIRGINIUS TRICOSTUS ESQUILINUS, who was consul in B. C. 478, filling the place of C. Servilius Structus Ahala, who died in his year of office (Fasti), and his grandson, L. VIRGINIUS TRICOSTUS ESQUILINUS, consular tribune in B. C. 402. The conduct of the siege of Veii was entrusted to the latter and his colleague M'. Sergius Fidenas, but in consequence of their private enmity the campaign was a disastrous one. The Capenates and Falisci advanced to the relief of Veii. The two Roman generals had each the command of a separate camp : Sergius was attacked by the allies and a sally from the town at the same time, and let himself be overpowered by numbers, because he would not ask his colleague for assistance, and Virginius w
Fide'nas 2. M'. Sergius Fidenas, L. F. L. N., consular tribune in B. C. 404 (Liv. 4.61; Diod. 14.19), and again in B. C. 402 (Liv. 5.8, &c.; Diod. 14.38). His bad conduct in the latter year, in which he allowed himself to be defeated by the enemy, and his punishment, in consequence, by the people, are related under ESQUILINUS, No. 4.
Pho'cion (*Fwki/wn), the Athenian general and statesman, son of Phocus, was a man of humble origin, and appears to have been born in B. C. 402 (see Clint. F. H. sub annis 376, 317). According to Plutarch he studied under Plato and Xenocrates, and if we may believe the statement in Suidas (s. v. *Fili/skos *Ai)ginh/ths), Diogenes also numbered him among his disciples. He distin. guished himself for the first time under his friend Chabrias, in B. C. 376, at the battle of Naxos, in which he commanded the left wing of the Athenian fleet, and contributed in a great measure to the victory [CHABRIAS]. After the battle Chabrias sent him to the islands to demand their contributions (sunta/ceis), and offered him a squadron of twenty ships for the service; but Phocion refused them, with the remark that they were too few to act against an enemy, and too many to deal with friends; and sailing to the several allies with only one galley, he obtained a large supply by his frank and conciliatory bear
number of the titles of his plays refer to the nativities of the gods, a class of subjects which belongs to the Middle Comedy. He must therefore be assigned to the last period of the Old Comedy and the beginning of the Middle; as is further proved by an allusion, in the play already quoted, to Hyperbolus, who died in B. C. 411. (Schol. ad Lucian. Tim. 30.) This play, the *Dhmotunda/rews, is conjectured by Kühn, with much inigenuity, to have been a sort of parody on the recal of Tyndarus to life, applying the fable to the resuscitation of the Atheinian people. The period, at which such a subject is likely to have been chosen, would be the year B. C. 402, after the overthrow of the Thirty Tyrants. The titles of his plays, as mentioned by Suidas, are, *Ni/ptra, *dhmotunda/rews, *dionu/sou gonai/, *Mousw=n gonai/, *)afrodi/ths gonai/, to which Eudocia adds *)/Arews gonai/. (Meineke, Frag. Com. Graec. vol. i. pp. 260, 261, vol. ii. pp. 867-872; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ii. p. 488.) [P.S
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Priscus, Servi'lius 7. Q. Servilius Q. F. P. N. (PRISCUS) FIDENAS, the son of No. 6, was consular tribune six times, namely in B. C. 402, 398, 395, 390, 388, 386. (Liv. 5.8, 14, 24, 36, 6.4, 6.) He was also interrex in B. C. 397. (Liv. 5.17.) There can be no doubt that this Servilius was the son of No. 6, both from his praenomen Quintus, and his surname Fidenas, as well as from the circumstances that he is designated in the Capitoline Fasti, Q. F. P. N. A difficulty, however, arises from the statement of Livy, that the C. Servilius, who was consular tribune in B. C. 418, was the son of the conqueror of Fidenae (Liv. 4.45, 46); but this is probably a mistake, since the consular tribune of B. C. 418 is called, in the Capitoline Fasti, C. SERVILIUS AXILLA., Q. F. C. N. Besides which, if he were the son of the conqueror of Fidenae, he must have been a younger son, as his praenomen shows; and in that case the younger son would have obtained one of the highest dignities in the state sixtee
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