f Pericles, succeeding, it is said (Aristoph. Kn. 130, and Schol.), Eucrates the flaxseller, and Lysicles the sheep-dealer, became the most trusted and popular of the people's favourites, and for about six years of the Peloponnesian war (B. C. 428-422) may be regarded as the head of the party opposed to peace.
He belonged by birth to the middling classes, and was brought up to the trade of a tanner; how long however he followed it may be doubtful; he seems early to have betaken himself to a mlees.
The play is simply one satire on his venality, rapacity, ignorance, violence, and cowardice; and was at least successful so far as to receive the first prize.
It treats of hin, however, chiefly as the leader in the Ecclesia; the Wasps, in B. C. 422, similarly displays him as the grand patron of the abuses of the courts of justice.
He is said to have originated the increase of the dicast's stipend from one to three obols (See Böckh, Publ. Econ. of Athens, bk. 2.15), and in general he profe