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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 19 19 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
diator between the patricians and plebeians, with both of whom he had acquired the highest esteem. The extraordinary wisdom and moderation he had shewn on all occasions, obtained for him the sixth consulship in B. C. 439, together with Agrippa Menenius. Rome was at that time visited by a famine, and when he pointed out the necessity of appointing a dictator under the circumstances, the dignity was offered him, but he declined it on account of his advanced age, recommending L. Quinctius Cincinnatus, who was accordingly raised to that dignity. In B. C. 437, he accompanied the dictator Mam. Aemilius Mamercinus as legate in his campaign against Fidenae, and a few years later he came forward as a suppliant for the son of the dictator Cincinnatus, who was tried before the comitia, and the prayer of the aged Quinctius procured his acquittal. After this time we hear no more of him. (Liv. 2.56-60, 64, 3.2, &c., 66, &c., 4.8, 10, 13, 17, 41; Dionys. A. R. 9.43, &c., 57, 61, 11.63; Zonar. 7.19.)
g met with a repulse, Cossus nominated Mam. Aemilius Mamercinus dictator, who in his turn appointed Cossus master of the horse. It was this Cossus who killed Lar Tolumnius, the king of the Veii, in single combat, and dedicated his spoils in the temple of Jupiter Feretrius--the second of the three instances in which the spolia opima were won. But the year in which Tolumnius was slain, was a subject of dispute even in antiquity. Livy following, as he says, all his authorities, places it in B. C. 437, nine years before the consulship of Cossus, when he was military tribune in the army of Main. Aemilius Mamercinus, who is said to have been dictator in that year likewise. At the same time the historian brings forward several reasons why this was improbable, and mentions in particular that Augustus had discovered a linen breastplate in the temple of Jupiter Feretrius, on which it was stated that the consul Cossus had won these spoils. But as the year of Cossus' consulship was, according t
rust the grammarians and chronographers, Cratinus did not begin his dramatic career till he was far advanced in life. According to an Anonymous writer on Comedy (p. xxix), he gained his first victory after the 85th Olympiad, that is, later than B. C. 437, and when he was more than 80 years old. This date is suspicious in itself, and is falsified by circumstantial evidence. For example, in one fragment he blames the tardiness of Pericles in completing the long walls which we know to have been ficule by bringing him on the stage by name (yh/fisma tou= mh\ kwmfdei=n o)nomasti/, Schol. Arist. Acharn. 67; Meineke, Hist. Crit. p. 40). This law remained in force for the two following years, and was annulled in the archonship of Euthymenes. (B. C. 437-436.) Another restriction, which probably belongs to about the same time, was the law that no Areopagite should write comedies. (Plut. Bell. an Pac. praest. Ath. p. 348c.) From B. C. 436 the old comedy flourished in its highest vigour, till a s
Fide'nas a surname of the Sergia and Servilia Gentes, derived from Fidenae, a town about five miles from Rome, and which frequently occurs in the early history of the republic. The first Sergius, who bore this surname, was L. Sergius, who is said to have obtained it because he was elected consul in the year (B. C. 437) after the revolt of Fidenae; but as Fidenae was a Roman colony, he may have been a native of the town. This surname was used by his descendants as their family name. [See below.] The first member of the Servilia gens who received this surname was Q. Servilius Priscus, who took Fidenae in his dictatorship, B. C. 435; and it continued to be used by his descendants as an agnomen, in addition to their regular family name of Priscus. [PRISCUS.]
Fide'nas 1. L. Sergius Fidenas, C. F. C. N., held the consulship twice, and the consular tribunate three times; but nothing of importance is recorded of him. He was consul for the first time in B. C. 437 (Liv. 4.17; Diod. 12.43); consular tribune for the first time in 433 (Liv. 4.25; Diod. 12.58) ; consul for the second time in 429 (Liv. 4.30 ; Diod. 12.73); consular tribune for the second time in 424 (Liv. 4.35; Diod. 12.82); and consular tribune for the third time in 418. (Liv. 4.45; Diod. 13.2.)
Hagnon *(/Agnwn, (sometimes written \)Agnwn), son of Nicias. was the Athenian founder of Amphipolis, on the Strymon. A previous attempt had been crushed twenty-nine years before, by a defeat in Drabescus. Hagnon succeeded in driving out the Edonians, and established his colony securely, giving the name Amphipolis to what had hitherto been called "the Nine Ways." (Thue. 4.102.) The date is fixed to the archonship of Euthymenes, B. C. 437, by Diodorns (12.32), and the Scholiast on Aeschines (p. 755, Reiske), and in this the account of Thueydides agrees There were buildings erected in his honour as founder. But when the Athenian part of the colonists had been ejected, and the town had revolted, and by the victory won over Cleon by Brasidas, B. C. 422, had had its independence secured, the Amphipolitans destroyed every memorial of the kind, and gave the name of founder, and paid the founder's honours to Brasidas. (Thuc. 5.11.) It is probably this same Hagnon who in the Samian war, B. C.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
upon the length of the reign of his son Perdiccas, who died B. C. 414. The longest period assigned to his reign is fortyone years, the shortest is twenty-three. This latter date would place his accession to the throne on his father's death, at B. C. 437, at which time Hippocrates would be only twenty-three years old, almost too young an age for him to have acquired so great celebrity as to be specially sent for to attend a foreign prince. However, the date of B. C. 437 is the less probable becB. C. 437 is the less probable because it would not only extend the reign of his father Alexander to more than sixty years, but would also suppose him to have lived seventy years after a period at which he was already grown up to manhood. For these reasons Mr. Clinton (F. Hell. 2.222) agrees with Dodwell in supposing the longer periods assigned to his reign to be nearer the truth; and assumes the accession of Perdiccas to have fallen within B. C. 454, at which time Hippocrates was only six years old. This celebrated story has b
, an Eleian, was the architect of the great temple of Zeus in the Altis at Olympia, which was built by the Eleians out of the spoils of Pisa and other neighbouring cities, which had revolted from them, and had been again subdued. (Paus. 5.10.2 or 3.) This event is believed to have occurred about Ol. 50, B. C. 580 (Ib. 6.22.2 or 4); but there is no reason to suppose that the temple was commenced immediately, or even soon, after this date. It seems more probable that the temple had not been very long completed when Phidias began to make in it his gold and ivory statue of Zeus (Ol. 85. 4, B. C. 437). Allowing for the time which so magnificent a work as this temple would occupy, we may safely place the architect's date somewhat before the middle of the fifth century B. C. The temple itself is described by Pausanias (5.10). A few ruins of it remain. (Stanhope, Olympia, p. 9; Cockerell, Bibl. Ital. 1831, No. 191, p. 205; Blonet, Expédition Scient. de la Morée, livr. 11, pl. 62, foll.) [P.
Maceri'nus 3. M. Geganius Macerinus, M. F., was three times consul; first in B. C. 447, with C. Julius Julus; a second time in B. C. 443, with T. Quintius Capitolinus Barbatus, in which year he conquered the Volscians, and obtained a triumph on account of his victory; and a third time in B. C. 437, with L. Sergius Fidenas. (Liv. 3.65, 4.8-10, 17; Dionys. A. R. 11.51, 63; Diod. 12.29, 33, 43; Zonar. 7.19.) The censorship, which was instituted in his second consulship, he filled in B. C. 435, with C. Furius Pacilus Fusus. These censors first held the census of the people in a public villa of the Campus Martius. It is also related of them that they removed Mam. Aemilius Mamercinus from his tribe, and reduced him to the condition of an aerarian, because he had proposed and carried a bill limiting the time during which the censorship was to be held from five years to a year and a half. (Liv. 4.22, 24, 9.33, 34.)
Mamerci'nus 3. MAM. AEMILIUS MAMERCINUS, M. F., consular tribune in B. C. 438. (Liv. 4.16; Diod. 12.38.) In B. C. 437 he was nominated dictator, to prosecute the war against the Veientines and Fidenates, because Fidenae had revolted. in the previous year to Lar Tolumnius, the king of Veii. He appointed L. Quinctius Cincinnatus his magister equitum, and gained a brilliant victory over the forces of the enemy, and obtained a triumph in consequence. (Liv. 4.17-20; Eutrop. 1.19 ; Lydus, de Magistr. 1.38.) It was in this battle that Lar Tolumnius is said by Livy to have been killed in single combat by Cornelius Cossus; but it is very doubtful whether this event happened in this year. [See Cossus, No. 2.] Indeed the conquest of the Fidenates and the death of Lar Tolumnius is referred by Niebuhr to B. C. 426, in which year Aemilius Mamercinus is stated to have been dictator for the third time. And it is not improbable, as Niebuhr remarks, that " some member of the Aemilian house found matte
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