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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 451 BC or search for 451 BC in all documents.

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Auguri'nus 1. T. Genucius Augurinus, L. F. L. N., consul B. C. 451, abdicated his office and was made a member of the first decemvirate. (Liv. 3.33; Dionys. A. R. 10.54, 56; Zonar. 7.18.) He was not included in the second. In the contests in 445 respecting the admission of the plebs to the consulship, which ended in the institution of the consular tribunate, Augurinus recommended the patricians to make some concessions. (Dionys. A. R. 11.60.)
Cameri'nus 3. SER. SULPICIUS SER. F. SER. N. CAMERINUS CORNUTUS, consul B. C. 461, when the lex Terentillia was brought forward a second time for a reform in the laws. (Liv. 3.10; Dionys. A. R. 10.1 ; Diod. 11.84; Plin. Nat. 2.57.) This law, however, was successfully resisted by the patricians; but when in B. C. 454 it was resolved to send three ambassadors into Greece to collect information respecting the laws of the Greek states, Ser. Camerinus was one of their number, according to Dionysius (10.52), though Livy calls him (3.31) Publius. The ambassadors remained three years in Greece, and on their return Ser. Camerinus was appointed a member of the decemvirate in B. C. 451. (Liv. 3.33; Dionys. A. R. 10.56.) In B. C. 446 he commanded the cavalry under the consuls T. Quinctius Capitolinus and Agrippa Furius Medullinus in the great battle against the Volsi and Aequi fought in that year. (Liv. 3.70.)
Cicuri'nus 5. SP. VETURIUS SP. F. P. N. CRASSUS CICURINUS, one of the first decemvirate, B. C. 451 (Fast. Capitol.), called L. Veturius by Livy (3.33) and T. Veturius by Dionysius (10.56).
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), APP. CLAUDIUS CRASSUS Regillensis Sabinus or APP. CLAUDIUS CRASSINUS Regillensis Sabinus (search)
APP. CLAUDIUS CRASSUS Regillensis Sabinus or APP. CLAUDIUS CRASSINUS Regillensis Sabinus 4. the decemvir, is commonly considered to have been the son of No. 2 (as by Livy, 3.35); but, from the Capitoline Fasti, where the record of his consulship appears in the following form : Ap. Claudius Ap. f. M. n. Crassin. Regill. Salinus II., he would appear to have been the same person. (See Niebuhr, vol. ii. note 754.) He was elected consul in B. C. 451, and on the appointment of the decemvirs in that year, he became one of them. His influence in the college became paramount, and he so far won the confidence of the people, that he was reappointed the following year. Now, however, his real character betrayed itself in the most violent and tyrannous conduct towards the plebeians, till his attempt against Virginia led to the overthrow of the decemvirate. Appius was impeached by Virginius, but did not live to abide his trial. According to Livy, he killed himself. Dionysius (11.46) says, it was th
arians and chronographers, Cratinus did not begin his dramatic career till he was far advanced in life. According to an Anonymous writer on Comedy (p. xxix), he gained his first victory after the 85th Olympiad, that is, later than B. C. 437, and when he was more than 80 years old. This date is suspicious in itself, and is falsified by circumstantial evidence. For example, in one fragment he blames the tardiness of Pericles in completing the long walls which we know to have been finished in B. C. 451, and there are a few other fragments which evidently belong to an earlier period than the 85th Olympiad. Again, Crates the comic poet acted the plays of Cratinus before he began to write himself ; but Crates began to write in B. C. 449-448. We can therefore have no hesitation in preferring the date of Eusebius (Chron. s. a. Ol. 81. 3; Syncell. p. 339), although he is manifestly wrong in joining the name of Plato with that of Cratinus. According to this testimony, Cratinus began to exhibit
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Fistus, P. Curia'tius with the agnomen TRIGE'MINUS, consul B. C. 453, in which year the city was visited with a great pestilence (Liv. 3.32; Fasti Capit.); and one of the first decemvirate in B. C. 451. (Liv. 3.33; Dionys. A. R. 10.54.)
Genu'cia Gens patrician, as is clear from the fact of T. Genucius Augurinus having been consul in B. C. 451, and M. Genucius Augurinus in B. C. 445, since in those years plebeians were not yet allowed to hold the consulship. In the earliest as well as in the later times we find plebeian Genucii, who acted as strenuous champions of their order; and they had probably become plebeians in the usual manner, either by mixed marriages or by transition to the plebs. The cognomens of this gens are AVENTINENSIS, AUGURINUS, CIPUS, CLEPSINA. [L.S]
Hermodo'rus (*(Ermo/dwros). 1. Of Ephesus, a person of great distinction, but was expelled by his fellow-citizens, for which Heracleitus censured them very severely. (D. L. 9.2; Cic. Tusc. 5.36.) He is said to have gone to Rome to have explained to the decemvirs the Greek laws, and thus assisted them in drawing up the laws of the Twelve Tables, B. C. 451. (Pompon. de Orig. Jur. Dig. 1. tit. 2. s. 4.) Pliny (Plin. Nat. 34.11) further states, that the Romans expressed their gratitude towards him, by erecting a statue to him in the comitium. This story of his having assisted the decemvirs has been treated by some modern critics as a fiction, or at least has been modified in a manner which reduces his influence upon that legislation to a mere nothing. But, in the first place, it would be arbitrary to reject the authority of Pomponius, or to doubt the merits of Hermodorus, which are sufficiently attested by the statue in the comitium, and, in the second, there is nothing for at all impr
had at length consented that C. Julius should be chosen as the popular, and Fabius as the aristocratical candidate. Such is the account of Dionysius; but Livy merely says that the discord in the state was as violent this year as previously. The consuls marched against the Veientes; but as the enemy did not appear in the field, they returned to Rome, after only laying waste the Veientine territory. (Dionys. A. R. 8.90, 91; Liv. 2.43.) This C. Julius was a member of the first decemvirate, B. C. 451, and it is recorded as an instance of the moderation of the first decemvirs, that, though there was no appeal from their sentence, Julius, notwithstanding, accused before the people in the comitia centuriata P. Sestius, a man of patrician rank, in whose house the corpse of a murdered person had been found, when he might have himself passed sentence upon the criminal. (Liv. 3.33; Cic. de Rep. 2.36; Dionys. A. R. 10.56; Diod. 12.23.) C. Julius is again mentioned in B. C. 449, as one of the t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
T. Romi'lius Rocus Vatica'nus was consul B. C. 455, with C. Veturius Geminus Cicurinus, and was a member of the first decemvirate, B. C. 451 (Liv. 3.31, 33; Dionys. A. R. 10.33, &c.; 56). Respecting the events in the year of his consulship, see CICURNIUS, No 4. He was condemned along with his colleague, and sentenced to pay a heavy fine.
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