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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 6 6 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 590 BC or search for 590 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Agasicles, Agesicles or HEGESICLES (*)Agasiklh=s, *)Aghsiklh=s, *(Hghsiklh=s), a king of Sparta, the thirteenth of the line of Procles. He was contemporary with the Agid Leon, and succeeded his father Archidamus I., probably about B. C. 590 or 600. During his reign the Lacedaemonians carried on an unsuccessful war against Tegea, but prospered in their other wars. (Hdt. 1.65; Paus. 3.7.6, 3. §. 5.) [C.P.M
nhabited Crannon and perhaps Pharsalus also, while the main branch, the Aleuadae, remained at Larissa. The influence of the families, however, was not confined to these towns, but extended more or less over the greater part of Thessaly. They formed in reality a powerful aristocratic party (*basilei=s) in opposition to the great body of the Thessalians. (Hdt. 7.172.) The earliest historical person, who probably belongs to the Aleuadae, is Eurylochus, who terminated the war of Cirrha about B. C. 590. (Strab. ix. p.418.) [EURYLOCHUS.] In the time of the poet Simonides we find a second Aleuas, who was a friend of the poet. He is called a son of Echecratides and Syris (Schol. ad Theocrit. 16.34); but besides the suggestion of Ovid (Ibis, 225), that he had a tragic end, nothing is known about him. At the time when Xerxes invaded Greece, three sons of this Aleuas, Thorax, Eurypylus, and Thrasydaeus, came to him as ambassadors, to request him to go on with the war, and to promise him their
his son five years longer. In the last of these years Alyattes burnt a temple of Athena, and falling sick shortly afterwards, he sent to Delphi for advice; but the oracle refused to give him an answer till he had rebuilt the temple. This he did, and recovered in consequence, and made peace with Miletus. He subsequently carried on war with Cyaxares, king of Media, drove the Cimmerians out of Asia, took Smyrna, and attacked Clazomenae. The war with Cyaxares, which lasted for five years, from B. C. 590 to 585, arose in consequence of Alyattes receiving under his protection some Scythians who had fled to him after injuring Cyaxares. An eclipse of the sun, which happened while the armies of the two kings were fighting, led to a peace between them, and this was cemented by the marriage of Astyages, the son of Cyaxares, with Aryenis, the daughter of Alyattes. Alyattes died B. C. 561 or 560, after a reign of fifty-seven years, and was succeeded by his son Croesus, who appears to have been pre
Pytho'critus (*Puqo/kritos), of Sicyon, a flute-player, exceedingly distinguished for his victories in the musical contests which were instituted by the Amphictyons at the Pythian games (B. C. 590). Pausanias tells us that the first victor in these contests was the Argive Sacadas, after whom Pvthocritus carried off the prize at six Pythian festivals in succession, and that he had also the honour of acting six times as musician during the pentathlon at Olympia. In reward of these services a pillar was erected as a monument to him at Olympia, with the following inscription, *Puqokri/tou tou= *Kallini/kon mna=ma ta)ulhta= to/de. (Paus. 6.14.4. s. 9, 10). [P.
ient Greek musicians, is mentioned by Plutarch (de Mus. 9, p. 1134b.) as one of the masters who established at Sparta the second great school or style (kata/stasis) of music, of which Thaletas was the founder, as Terpander had been of the first. His age is marked and his eminence is attested by the statement of Pausanias (10.7.3), that he gained the prize for fluteplaying at the first of the musical contests which the Amphictyons established in connection with the Pythian games (Ol. 47. 3, B. C. 590), and also at the next two festivals in succession (Ol. 48. 3, 49. 3, B. C. 586, 582). From the manner, however, in which his name is connected with those of Polymnestus and Alcman, in several passages, and perhaps too from the cessation of his Pythian victories, we may infer that these victories were among the latest events of his life. Pausanias elsewhere (2.22.9) speaks of these Pythian victories as having appeased the anger against the music of the flute, which Apollo had conceived on
and Thaletas were led to Sparta by very similar causes at no very distant period; and it seems most improbable that, after music had attained the degree of developement to which Terpander brought it at Sparta, the important additional elements, which existed in the Cretan system, should not have been introduced for a period of forty years, which is the interval placed by Müller, between Terpander and Thaletas. Müller's mode of computing backwards the date of Thaletas from that of Sacadas (B. C. 590) is altogether arbitrary; but if such a method he allowable at all, surely thirty years is far too short a time to assign as the period during which the second school of Spartan music chiefly flourished. On the whole, decidedly as Clinton is wrong as to Terpander, he is probably near the mark in fixing the period of Thaletas at B. C. 690-660 ; though it might be better to say that he deems to have flourished about B. C. 670 or 660, and how much before or after those dates cannot be determi