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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 740 BC or search for 740 BC in all documents.

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he Excerpta of Proclus. It has been corrected by Thiersch in the Acta Philol. Monac. ii. p. 584, from the Codex Monacensis, which in one passage has Agias, and in another Hagias. The name itself does not occur in early Greek writers, unless it be supposed that Egias or Hegias (*(Hgi/as) in Clemens Alexandrinus (Strom. vi. p. 622), and Pausanias ( 1.2.1), are only different forms of the same name. He was a native of Troezen, and the time at which he wrote appears to have been about the year B. C. 740. His poem was celebrated in antiquity, under the name of *No/stoi, i. e. the history of the return of the Achaean heroes from Troy, and consisted of five books. The poem began with the cause of the misfortunes which befel the Achaeans on their way home and after their arrival, that is, with the outrage committed upon Cassandra and the Palladium; and the whole poem filled up the space which was left between the work of the poet Arctinus and the Odyssey. The ancients themselves appear to hav
Pol. Ant. ch. 2.43 ; Arnold, Thuc. vol. i. App. 2; G. C. Lewis, in the Philol. Museum, vol. ii. pp. 51, 52.) As to the first Messenian war, thus much appears from Tyrtaeus, that Theopompus was mainly instrumental in bringing it to a successful issue, though the inference of Pausanias, that he lived to complete the actual subjugation of Messenia, is more than the words of the poet warrant. They are, however, inconsistent with the date which Eusebius assigns to the death of Theopompus, viz. B. C. 740. Clinton gives, for the duration of his reign, about B. C. 770-720. But we can arrive at no certainty in the chronology of this period. According to the Messenian account, Theopompus was slain, not long before the end of the war, by Aristomenes, while the Spartan tradition was, that he was only wounded by him. We are accustomed, indeed, to regard Aristomenes as the hero of the second war; but this, after all, is a doubtful point. (Paus. 4, 6, &c.; Plut. Agis. 21 ; Müller, Dor. App. ix.; Cl