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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
master of Julianus. (Dig. 40. tit. 2. s. 5.) Again, Sex. Caecilius is represented by Gellius as conversing with Favorinus, and is spoken of in the Noctes Atticae as a person deceased. "Sextus Caecilius, in disciplina juris atque legibus populi Romani noscendis interpretandisque scientia, usu, auctoritateque illustri fuit." (Gel. 20.1, pr.) Now Favorinus is known to have flourished in the reign of Hadrian, and Gellius to have completed the Noctes Atticae before the death of Antoninus Pius. (A. D. 161.) The passage in Gellius which would make the conversation take place nearly 700 years after the laws of the Twelve Tables were enacted, must be, if not a false reading, an error or exaggeration; for at most little more than 600 years could have elapsed from A. U. C. 300 in the lifetime of Gellius. If 600 be read for 700, the scene would be brought at furthest to a period not far from the commencement (A. D. 138) of the reign of Antoninus Pius. These arguments are not sufficient to destr
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Co'mmodus, L. Aurelius son of M. Aurelius and the younger Faustina (see genealogical table prefixed to ANTONINUS PIUS), was born at Lanuvium on the last day of August, A. D. 161, a few months after the death of Antoninus Pius, and this was the first of the Roman emperors to whom the title of Porphyrogenitus could be correctly applied. Faustina at the same time gave birth to a twin son, known as Antoninus Geminus, who died when four years old. The nurture and education of Commodus were watched and superintended from infancy with anxious care; and from a very early age he was surrounded with the most distinguished preceptors in the various departments of general literature, science, and philosophy. The honours heaped upon the royal youth as he advanced towards manhood have been accurately chronicled by his biographers. He received the appellation of Caesar along with his younger brother Annius Veras on the 12th of October, A. D. 166, at the time when M. Aurelius and L. Verus celebrated
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ring, writing, and practising, that he was actually afraid of being poisoned by them. (De Praenot. ad Epig. 100.4. vol. xiv. p. 623, &c.) A full account of his first visit to Rome * Some persons think that Galen's first visit to Rome took place A. D. 161-2, and that therefore he was there twice before his visit A. D. 170; but Galen himself never speaks of this as his third visit, and the writer is inclined to think that all the passages in his works that seem to imply that he was at Rome A. D. A. D. 161-2, may be easily reconciled with the other hypothesis., and of some of his most remarkable cures, is given in the early chapters of his work De Praenotione ad Epigenem, where he mentions that he was at last called, not only paradocolo/gos, " the wonder speaker," but also paradocopoio/s, " the wonder-worker." (100.8. p. 641.) It is often stated that Galen fled from Rome in order to avoid the danger of a very severe pestilence, which had first broken out in the parts about Antioch,A. D. 166,
Hermo'genes 6. One of the most celebrated Greek rhetoricians. He was a son of Calippus and a native of Tarsus, and lived in the reign of the emperor M. Aurelius, A. D. 161-180. He bore the surname of custh/r, that is, the scratcher or polisher, either with reference to his vehement temperament, or to the great polish which he strongly recommended as one of the principal requisites in a written composition. He was, according to all accounts, a man endowed with extraordinary talents; for at the age of fifteen he had already acquired so great a reputation as an orator. that the emperor M. Amelius desired to hear him, and admired and richly rewarded him for his wonderful talent. Shortly after this he was appointed public teacher of rhetoric, and at the age of seventeen he began his career as a writer, which unfortunately did not last long, for at the age of twenty-five he fell into a mental debility, which rendered him entirely unfit for further literary and intellectual occupation, and
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcellus Side'tes a native of Side in Pamphylia, was born towards the end of the first century after Christ, and lived in the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus Pius, A. D. 117-161. Works He wrote a long medical poem in Greek hexameter verse, consisting of forty-two books, which was held in such estimation, that it was ordered by the emperors to be placed in the public libraries at Rome. (Suid. s. v. *Ma/rkellos, and Kuster's note; Eudoc. Violar. apud Villoison, Anecd. Graeca, vol. i. p. 299.) Of this work only two fragments remain. *Peri\ *Lukanqrw/pou, De Lycanthropia The first fragment *Peri\ *Lukanqrw/pou, De Lycanthropia is preserved (but in prose) by Aetius (2.2, 11, p. 254; compare Paul. Aegin. 3.16, and Mr. Adams's note, vol. i. p. 390), and is curious and interesting. *)Iatrika\ peri\ *)Ixqu/wn, De Remedis ex Piscibus. The second fragment, *)Iatrika\ peri\ *)Ixqu/wn, De Remedis ex Piscibus, is less interesting, and consists of about 100 verses. Editions It was fir
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Mauricia'nus, Ju'nius a Roman jurist, who wrote, according to the Florentine Index, six books, Ad Leges, by which is meant Ad Leg. Juliam et Papiam (Dig. 33. tit. 2. s. 23). The passage just cited shows that he was writing this work in the time of Antoninus Pius (A. D. 138-161). There is one passage in the Digest from the second book of Mauricianus De Poenis (2. tit. 13. s. 3), which work is not mentioned in the Florentine Index. He also wrote notes on Julianus (2. tit. 14. s. 7.2; 7. tit. 1. s. 25.1), but in place of Mauricianus some manuscripts have Martianus or Marcianus in the two passages just cited. Mauricianus is sometimes cited by other jurists. There are four excerpts from his writings in the Digest. [G.L]
te of the second Oppian in order to determine the date of Atheneaus. [ATHENAEUS]., or by considering the passage in question to be a spurious interpolation. It is also confirmed by Eusebius Chron. ap. S. Hieron. vol. viii. p. 722, ed. Veron. 1736) and Syncellus (Chronogr. pp. 352, 353, ed. Paris. 1652), who place Oppian in the year 171 (or 173), and by Suidas, who says he lived in the reign of "Marcus Antoninus," i. e. not Caracalla, as Kuster and others suppose, but M. Aurelius Antoninus, A. D. 161-180. If the date here assigned to Oppian be correct, the emperor to whom the "Halieutica" are dedicated, and who is called (1.3) gai/hs u(/paton kra/tus, *)Antwni=ne, will be M. Aurelius; the allusions to his son (1.66. 78, 2.683, 4.5, 5.45) will refer to Commodus; and the poem may be supposed to have been written after A. D. 177, which is the year when the latter was admitted to a participation of the imperial dignity. If the writer of the "Halieutica" be supposed to have lived under Cara
Orfitus 10. ORFITUS GAVIUS, consul A. D. 178, with Julianus Rufus. (Lamprid. Colsmmod. 12.) As the three persons last mentioned all lived in the reign of M. Aurelius (A. D. 161-180), it is impossible to say which of them was the Ortitus who was advanced to various honours in the state by this emperor, although he was the paramour of the empress (Capitol. M. Anton. Phil. 29).
to quench the flames, which were, however, resuscitated, in order to consume his lifeless body. His ashes were collected by the pious care of the Christians of his flock, and deposited in a suitable place of interment. The day and year of Polycarp's martyrdom are involved in considerable doubt. Samuel Petit places it in A. D. 175; Usher, Pagi, and Bollandus, in A. D. 169 ; Eusebius (Chronicon) places it earlier, in the seventh year of Marcus Aurelius, who acceded to the throne, 7th March, A. D. 161; Scaliger, Le Moyne, and Cave, place it in A. D. 167; Tillemont in 166; the Chronicon Puschalein the consulship of Aelianus and Pastor, A. D. 163; and Pearson, who differs widely from all other critics, in A. D. 147, in the reign of Titus Antoninus Pius. Pearson brings various reasons in support of his opinion, which reasons are examined by Tillemont in one of his careful and elaborate notes. Polycarp is reverenced as a saint both by the Greek and Romish Churches; by the former on the 23d
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
at the reader may lose sight of the distinction between Ptolemy and his followers. The two other great leaders, Aristotle and Euclid, are precisely in the same predicament. Of Ptolemy himself we know absolutely nothing but his date, which an astronomer always leaves in his works. He certainly observed in A. D. 139, at Alexandria; and Suidas and others call him Alexandrinus. If the canon presently mentioned be genuine (and it is not doubted), he survived Antoninus, and therefore was alive A. D. 161. Old manuscripts of his works call him Pelusiensis and Pheludiensis. But Theodorus, surnamed Meliteniota (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. x. p. 411), in the thirteenth century, describes him as of Ptolemais in the Thebaid, called Hermeius. Accordingly, our personal knowledge of one of the most illustrious men that ever lived, both in merits and fame, and who resided and wrote in what might well be called the sister university to Athens, is limited to two accounts of one circumstance, between the
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