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Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 111 111 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 29 29 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 14 14 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition. 10 10 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition. 6 6 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 5 5 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 5 5 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 5 5 Browse Search
Charles A. Nelson , A. M., Waltham, past, present and its industries, with an historical sketch of Watertown from its settlement in 1630 to the incorporation of Waltham, January 15, 1739. 3 3 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature 2 2 Browse Search
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and established within the Plymouth and Massachusetts Colonies before the year 1655, without any more formal act of incorporation. Among the oldest are the following: Plymouth, 1620; Salem, 1629 ; Charlestown, 1629; Boston, 1630; Medford or Mystic, 1630; Watertown, 1630; Roxbury, 1630; Dorchester, 1630 ; Cambridge or Newton, 1633; Ipswich, 1634; Concord, 1635; Hingham, 1635; Newbury, 1635; Scituate, 1636; Springfield, 1636; Duxbury, 1637; Lynn, 1637; Barnstable, 1639; Taunton, 1639; Woburn, 1642; Malden, 1649. London, May 22, 1629: On this day the orders for establishing a government and officers in Massachusetts Bay passed, and said orders were sent to New England(. Although, in the first settlement of New England, different sections of country were owned and controlled by Companies in England, yet the people here claimed and exercised a corporate power in the elections of their rulers and magistrates. This was the case with Medford. To show what form of government our anc
ade at the General Court, in May, 1634, it is ordered, that hereafter all men shall be rated, in all rates, for their whole ability, wheresoever it lies. In a general levy of £ 600, in 1634, Meadford paid £ 26; Charlestown, £ 45. In 1635, in a levy of £ 200, Meadford paid £ 10, and Charlestown £ 16. Keeping about these proportions, Medford paid its share as follows: In 1635, £ 19. 15s.; in 1636, £ 15; in 1637, £ 49. 12s.; in 1638, £ 59. 5s. 8d.; in 1639, '40, and '41, no record of tax; in 1642, £ 10; in 1643, £ 7. Winthrop tells us, that,-- Of a tax of £ 1,500, levied by the General Court in 1637, the proportion paid by Medford was £ 52. 10s.; by Boston, £ 233. 10s.; Ipswich, £ 180; Salem, £ 170. 10s.; Dorchester, £ 140; Charles-town, £ 138; Roxbury, £ 115; Watertown, £ 110; Newton, £ 106; Lynn, £ 105. Mr. Savage says of this time (1637), Property and numbers, in a very short period, appear to have been very unequally distributed between Medford and Marble
rliament from London. June 2, 1641.--The bounds for Charlestown Village (Woburn) are to be set out by Captain Cooke, Mr. Holliocke, and Mr. John Oliver, the contents of four mile square. Mr. Carter, the first minister of Woburn, was ordained 1642, when seventy-seven ministers had been ordained in New England. 1642.--Confederation against the Indians recommended by the General Court. May 10, 1643.--The General Court appointed a committee to lay out a road from Cambridge to Woburn. 1642.--Confederation against the Indians recommended by the General Court. May 10, 1643.--The General Court appointed a committee to lay out a road from Cambridge to Woburn. 1643.--Middlesex was the first to recommend and adopt the division of territory into counties. Mr. Edward Collins was chosen by Cambridge a representative in the General Court; but he did not attend. They required him to give reasons for his neglect, or pay twenty shillings. 1644.--Medford was called to mourn the death of its founder, Matthew Cradock, Esq.; and, in 1649, lost a friend and neighbor, in the death of Governor Winthrop. 1644.--It was customary with the early settlers in Me
sband, Jan. 19, 1777, m. Samuel Chamberlain, December, 1784; and d. June 12, 1793. 14-20OLIVER Patch m. Alethea, dau. of Silas Blood, Jan. 26, 1778, and had--  20-24Oliver, b. Nov. 30, 1778.  25William, b. Sept. 14, 1780.  26Reuben, b. Jan. 8, 1783.  27Henry, b. Jan. 4, 1785; d. Aug. 19, 1803.  28Luther, b. Oct. 5, 1788; left Marlb., 1805, and never returned.  29Nahum, b. Mar. 30, 1792. 20-24OLIVER Patch m. Mary, dau. of Oliver Shattuck (a descendant of William Shattuck, of Watertown, 1642), and lived in Hawley. He had--  24-30Lucy Longley, b. Sept. 3, 1805.  31Henry, b. Nov. 30, 1806; d. Jan. 4, 1849.  32Fidelia, b. Feb. 14, 1808; d. June 1, 1836.  33Electa S., b. July 23, 1810.  34Franklin, b. July 3, 1815. 24-34FRANKLIN Patch m. Ann, dau. of John Brown, of Eastham, Jan. 19, 1843, and lived in Boston. He moved to Medford, 1849, and had--  34-35Emerett O., b. Mar. 8, 1844.  36Herbert L., b. Oct. 16, 1845; d. Nov. 10, 1847.  37Charles A., b. Oct. 1, 1848; d. D
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Attiwandaronk Indians, (search)
Attiwandaronk Indians, Members of the family of the Hurons and Iroquois, named by the French the Neutral Nation. In early times they inhabited both banks of the Niagara River, but were mostly in Canada. They were first visited in 1627 by the Recollet Father Daillon, and by Brebeuf and Chaumonot in 1642. The Iroquois attacked them in 1651-53, when a part of them submitted and joined the Senecas. and the remainder fled westward and joined the remnant of the fallen Hurons on the borders of Lake Superior.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bacon, Nathaniel, 1642- (search)
Bacon, Nathaniel, 1642- Patriot; born in Suffolk, England, Jan. 2, 1642. He was educated at the Inns of Court. London: came to America with a considerable fortune in 1670; settled in Gloucester county. Va., and owned a large estate high up on the James River. A lawyer by profession and eloquent in speech, he easily exercised great influence over the people. He became a member of the council in 1672. He was a republican in sentiment; and. strongly opposing the views and public conduct of Governor Berkeley, the stanch loyalist. he stirred up the people to rebellion. Berkeley, who was very popular at first, had become tyrannical and oppressive as an uncompromising royalist and rigorous executor of his royal master's will. At the same time republicanism had begun a vigorous growth among the people of Virginia; but it was repressed somewhat by a majority of royalists in the House of Burgesses; and the council were as pliant tools of Berkeley as any courtiers who paid homage to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bogardus, Everardus, 1633- (search)
anted 62 acres of land on Manhattan Island, now in possession of Trinity Church, New York. This is the estate which the heirs of Annetje Jansen Bogardus have been seeking for many years to recover. Being charged before the Classis of Amsterdam with conduct unbecoming a clergyman. Bogardus was about to go thither to defend himself on the arrival of Kieft, but the governor and council determined to retain him for the good of souls. A daughter of Mr. Bogardus by his first wife was married in 1642; and it was on that occasion that Governor Kieft procured generous subscriptions for building a new church. At the wedding feast, after the fourth or fifth round of drinking, he made a liberal subscription himself to the church find. and requested the other guests, to do the same. All the company, with light heads and glad hearts, vied with each other in subscribing richly : and some of them, after they returned home, well repented it, but were not excused. John and Richard Ogden. of Sta
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brooklyn, (search)
gh had a population of 1,166,582. In 1900 the area was 66.39 square miles; assessed valuation of taxable property, $695,335,940; and net debt, $70,005,384. The borough derived its name from Breuckelen ( marshy land ), a place in the province of Utrecht, Holland. The The Brooklyn Bridge. first movement towards settlement there was the purchase of land from the Indians, in 1636, lying at Gowanus, and of land at Wallabout Bay, in 1637. A ferry between it and New Amsterdam was established in 1642. It held a leading position among the towns for wealth and population at the time of the surrender to the English. At or near Brooklyn occurred the battle of Long Island (see long Island, battle of), in 1776. The government established a navy-yard in Brooklyn in 1801. During the War of 1812-15 (August, 1814), there were stirring scenes at Brooklyn, when hosts of citizens went over from New York to assist in strengthening the old fortifications there, in expectation of an attack by the Bri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut (search)
g the Civil War the State furnished to the National army 54,882 soldiers, of whom 1,094 men and ninety-seven officers were killed in action, 666 men and forty-eight officers died from wounds, and 3,246 men and sixty-three officers from disease. There were reported missing 389 men and twenty-one officers. Population in 1890, 746,258; in 1900, 908,355. Governors of the Connecticut colony Name.Date. John Haynes1639 to 1640 Edward Hopkins1640 to 1641 John Haynes1641 to 1642 George Wyllys1642 to 1643 John Haynes alternately from Edward Hopkins1643 to 1655 Thomas Welles1655 to 1656 John Webster1656 to 1657 John Winthrop1657 to 1658 Thomas Welles1658 to 1659 John Winthrop1659 to 1665 Until this time no person could be elected to a second term immediately following the first. Governors of the New Haven colony Name.Date. Theophilus Eaton1639 to 1657 Francis Newman1658 to 1660 William Leete1661 to 1665 Governors of Connecticut Name.Date John Winthrop1665 to 1676 W
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cornwaleys, or Cormwaleys, Thomas (search)
Cornwaleys, or Cormwaleys, Thomas pioneer; born about 1600; was one of the leaders in the establishment of the colony at St. Mary's. In 1635 he led a force against Claiborne, and in 1638, when Lord Baltimore sent out a code to be adopted by the General Assembly, he opposed it, alleging that the charter of the freemen gave them the right to enact their own laws. During 1638 he was made deputy governor; in 1642 was commissioned commander of an expedition against the Indians; in 1652 became a member of the general court; and in 1657, when the government was restored to Lord Baltimore, he was appointed assistant governor. He returned to England in 1659, and died there in 1676.
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