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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Debs, Eugene Victor, 1855- (search)
Debs, Eugene Victor, 1855- Labor leader; born in Terre Haute, Ind., Nov. 5, 1855; educated in the common schools; city clerk of Terre Haute in 1879-83; member of the Indiana legislature in 1885; served as grand secretary and treasurer of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen in 1880-93; president of the American Railway Union in 1893-97; and in June of the latter year was made chairman of the national council of the Social Democracy of America, a society founded for political and industrial co-operation. When president of the American Railway Union he conducted a notable strike on the Great Northern Railway, and in 1894 directed the great strike on the Western railroads, for which he was charged with conspiracy, but was acquitted, and subsequently, in 1895, served a sentence of six months imprisonment for contempt of court in violating its injunction. In 1896 he lectured on The relations of the Church to labor, and in 1900 was the candidate of the Social Democratic National part
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Delaware, (search)
nished several regiments of volunteers for the Union army. In all the wars Delaware patriotically furnished its share of men and money for the public defence. In 1897 the State had an assessed property valuation of $77,632,079; and in 1899 had assets of $164,993 in excess of all liabilities. The population in 1890 was 168,493; C. Stockley .1883 to 1887 Benjamin T. Biggs..1887 to 1891 Robert J. Reynolds.1891 to 1895 Joshua H. Marvil.1895 William T. Watson .1895 to 1897 Ebe W. Tunnell.1897 to 1901 John Hunn.1901 to—— United States Senators. NameNo. of CongressDate. Richard Bassett1st and 2d1789 to 1793 George Read1st to 2d1789 to 1793 Henry th1858 Willard Saulsbury36th to 41st1859 to 1871 George Read Riddle38th to 40th1864 to 1867 James A. Bayard40th1867 to 1869 Thomas Francis Bayard41st to 48th1869 to 1885 Eli Saulsbury42d to 50th1871 to 1889 George Gray49th to 56th1885 to 1899 Anthony Higgins51st to 54th1889 to 1895 Richard R. Kenney54th to 56th1897 to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wright, Henrietta Christine, (search)
c or private, and a law was enacted by the legislature putting the placing-out of children into the hands of this board. Under this law, during the years 1896 and 1897, 1,500 children were placed in homes in the rural communities. The number of children in institutions was further decreased by the action of the State Charities Aminers to investigate the status of the children already in institutions, or for whom application had been made. The official report of the examiners for 1896 and 1897 shows that, out of 26,561 investigations, 7,303 cases were disapproved, though the children in many cases had been in the institutions for years. Boys of twelvet accompanied by all the horrors that once disfigured it, yet sore eyes, diseased bodies, and a high death rate still prevail. According to the official report of 1897 the death rate at the Infants' Asylum on Randall's Island was, for foundlings, 80 per cent.; for other children without their mothers, 59 per cent.; children with
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De Trobriand, Philippe ReGis, 1816-1897 (search)
De Trobriand, Philippe ReGis, 1816-1897 Military officer; born in Chateau des Rochettes, France, June 4, 1816; came to the United States in 1841; joined the National army as colonel of the 55th New York Regiment in August, 1861; took part in the engagements at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, etc.; was present as the commander of a division at Lee's surrender; received the brevet of majorgeneral of volunteers in April, 1865. He joined the regular army in 1866; received the brevet of brigadier-general in 1867; retired in 1879. He published Quatre ans de campagnes à l'armee du Potomac. He died in Bayport, L. I., July 7, 1897
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dingley, Nelson, 1832-1899 (search)
of the Lewiston Journal, a connection he retained till his death. From 1861 till 1873 he was a member of the State legislature, and in 1873 and 1875 was elected governor of Maine. In 1881 he was elected to Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the election of William P. Frye to the United States Senate, and by re-elections held the seat till his death. Nelson Dingley. From the opening of his congressional career he was conspicuous as an advocate of high tariff. In 1890 he aided in the formulation of the McKinley tariff bill; in 1894 was a strong opponent of the Wilson bill; and in 1897, as chairman of the committee on ways and means, he brought forward the tariff bill which was adopted under his name. President McKinley tendered him the post of Secretary of the Treasury, but he declined it. In 1898 he became a member of the Joint High Commission to negotiate a settlement of existing differences between the United States and Canada. He died in Washington, D. C., Jan. 13, 1899.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dow, Neal, 1804-1897 (search)
Dow, Neal, 1804-1897 Reformer; born in Portland, Me., March 20, 1804. From the time he was a boy he was noted for his zeal in the temperance cause, and was one of the founders of the Prohibition party. In 1851 he drafted the famous prohibitory law of Maine, and was elected governor of the State the same year. In the Civil War he was commissioned colonel of the 13th Maine Volunteers; was promoted to brigadier-general; and was a prisoner of war at Mobile and in Libby prison. In 1880 he was the candidate of the Prohibition party for President, and in 1894 temperance organizations throughout the world observed his ninetieth birthday. He died in Portland, Me., Oct. 2, 1897.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Edmunds, George Franklin, 1828- (search)
Edmunds, George Franklin, 1828- Statesman; born in Richmond, Vt., Feb. 1, 1828; took an early and active part in Vermont politics, serving several terms in both houses of the legislature; was speaker of the House of Representatives and president pro tem. of the Senate. In 1866 he entered the United States Senate as a Republican, and till 1891 was one of the foremost men in Congress. Towards the close of his senatorial career he was the author of the acts of 1882 and 1887 for the suppression of polygamy and the regulation of affairs in Utah, and of the anti-trust law (1890). In 1886 he framed the act for counting the electoral vote. He resigned his seat in 1891 at the conclusion of twenty-five years of uninterrupted service. In 1897 he was chosen chairman of the monetary commission George Franklin Edmunds. appointed by the Indianapolis monetary conference, which reported to Congress a scheme of currency reform.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Eustis, James Biddle, 1834-1899 (search)
e entered the State legislature, where he served in each House. In 1876 he was elected to the United States Senate to fill a vacancy, and after the expiration of the term took a trip through Europe. Returning to the United States, he was made Professor of Civil Law in the University of Louisiana. In 1884 he was again elected to the United States Senate, and became a member of the James Biddle Eustis. committee on foreign relations. He was appointed minister to France in March, 1893, and had charge of the negotiations which finally secured the release of John I. Waller, ex-United States consul in Madagascar, who had been convicted of illegally communicating with the Hovas during the French campaign, and who had been sentenced to serve twenty-one years in prison. After his return to the United States, in 1897, Mr. Eustis reentered law practice in New York. He translated Institutes of Justinian, and Guizot's History of the United States. He died in Newport, R. I., Sept. 9, 1899.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Expositions, industrial. (search)
ity. The United States stands alone in maintaining four permanent expositions: one in the former Art Palace of the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, now known as the Field Columbian Museum; another in the former Memorial Hall of the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia; and two, known as Commercial Museums, in Philadelphia. The following is a list of the principal industrial expositions of the world, to nearly all of which the United States has been a large contributor: London, 1851; Cork, 1852; New York, New Brunswick, Madras, and Dublin, each 1853; Munich, 1854; Paris, 1855; Edinburgh and Manchester, each 1857; London, 1862; Paris, 1867; Vienna, 1873; Philadelphia, 1876; Paris, 1878; Atlanta, 1881; Louisville, 1883; New Orleans, 1884-85; Paris, 1889; Chicago, 1893; Atlanta, 1895; Nashville, 1897; Omaha, 1898; Omaha and Philadelphia, each 1899; Paris, 1900; Buffalo and Glasgow, each 1901. For details of the most noteworthy of these expositions, see their respective titles.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fairchild, Charles Stebbins 1842- (search)
Fairchild, Charles Stebbins 1842- Lawyer; born in Cazenovia, N. Y., April 30, 1842; graduated at Harvard in 1863; admitted to the New York bar in 1865; appointed Secretary of the United States Treasury in 1887; was affiliated with the Democratic party, but acted with the Gold Democrats in 1897, taking a prominent part in the Indianapolis Monetary Conference. Lucius Fairchild.
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