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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 869 AD or search for 869 AD in all documents.

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and Photius incurred the enmity of the new emperor immediately on his accession, by denouncing him as a murderer and a robber, and refusing to admit him to communion. Photius was consequently deposed and banished (A. D. 867), and Ignatius restored. In effecting this change, the emperor was supported by the pope, Nicholas I., whose enmity to Photius had been increased by a dispute as to the extent of their respective jurisdictions. In the eighth general council, assembled at Constantinople A. D. 869, the deposition of Photius and the restoration of Ignatius were ratified. An expression of the continuator of Theophanes, that the emperor compelled Photius " to retire (sxola/zein) until Ignatius should die," indicates perhaps that the restoration of Ignatius was the subject of an arrangement between the competitors, a conjecture which is strengthened by the fact that on the death of Ignatius, Photius was again placed on the patriarchal throne. Ignatius died A. D. 877, or 878, or possibly
Jose'phus (*)Iw/shpos or *)Iw/shppos). 1. Of ALEXANDRIA, archdeacon of Alexandria, attended the council of Constantinople (reckoned to be the eighth oecumenical council by the Latin church) held by order of the emperor Basil the Macedonian (A. D. 869), as vicarius of the absent patriarch of Alexandria, Michael. A Latin version of a written address presented by Josephus at the council is given in the Concilia. (Vol. viii col. 1114, ed. Labbe; vol. v. col. 887, ed. Hardouin; vol. xvi. col. 148, ed. Mansi; Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. v. p. 59; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. ii. p. 55, ed. Oxford, 1740-1742
Leo was placed at its head, with one, if not more of his former pupils for his fellow-teachers. (Theoph. Contin. 4.26; Cedrenus and Zonaras, ll. cc.) Leo was faithful to the interests of Bardas, whom he warned of the insidious designs of Basilius the Macedonian, afterwards emperor (Sym. Mag. De Michaele et Theodora, 40; Georg. Monach. De Mich. et Theodora, c. 25, 26). An anecdote recorded both by Symeon (De Basilio Maced. 5) and George (De Basil. Maced. c. 4), shews that Leo was living in A. D. 869 : how much later is not known. Symeon (De Mich. et Theodora, c. 46) has described a remarkable method of telegraphic communication, invented by Leo, and practised in the reigns of Theophilus and his son Michael. Fires kindled at certain hours of the day conveyed intelligence of hostile incursions, battles, conflagrations, and the other incidents of war, from the confines of Syria to Constantinople; the hour of kindling indicating the nature of the incident, according to an arranged plan,
ards produced against Photins, first in the senate of Constantinople, and afterward at the council held against him. This hasty change in the occupants of the patriarchate had been too obviously the result of the change of the imperial dynasty to be sufficient of itself. But the imperial power had now the same interest as the Western Church in the deposition of Photius. A council (recognised by the Romish Church as the eighth oecumenical or fourth Constantinopolitan) was therefore summoned A. D. 869, at which the deposition of Photius and the restoration of Ignatius were confirmed. The cause was in fact prejudged by the circumstance that Ignatius took his place as patriarch at the commencement of the council. Photius, who appeared before the council, and his partizans were anathematized and stigmatized with the most opprobrious epithets. He subsequently acquired the favour of Basil, but by what means is uncertain; for we can hardly give credence to the strange tale related by Nicetas