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apter 5: the Texan Revolution. Discovery by Lasalle. disputed title to the Territory. Spanish occupation. early history. Philip Nolan. boundary disputes. Revolutionary measures. Magee's expedition. Mina's and long's attempts. Moses Austin. Stephen F. Austin. his colony. the Fredonian War. Federal Constitution. Mexican jealousy. Bustamante's arbitrary and centralized Government. oppression of Texas. Colonel Bradburn's tyranny. resistance of colonists in 1832. Anahuac cnches and other Indians required the interposed barrier of a hardy people, who would withstand and chastise their incursions. Hence ensued a change in the policy of the Government, which had hitherto sought to keep Texas a desert. In 1821 Moses Austin, a native of Connecticut and resident of Missouri, obtained from the Mexican Government a contract for the introduction of a colony of 300 families into Texas. Each family was to receive an allotment of land, and the empresario, or contractor
r. Clay--then in quasi opposition to Mr. Monroe's Administration — demurred to this, and there were a few others who indicated dissatisfaction with it; but this stipulation of the treaty was so clearly right, and the course of the Administration in negotiating it so wise and proper, that all dissent was speedily drowned in avowals of general and hearty satisfaction. Mexico having practically vindicated her independence, and all attempts to grasp Texas by force having proved abortive, Mr. Moses Austin--a native of Connecticut settled in Missouri--tried a new tack. Representing himself as a leader and mouth-piece of a band of Roman Catholics suffering from Protestant intolerance and persecution in this country, he petitioned the Mexican government for a grant of land, and permission to settle in the then almost unpeopled wilderness, vaguely known as Texas. His prayer was granted, though he did not live to profit by it. Returning, in the early months of 1821, from western Texas to Lo
seizure of the Federal Arsenal, 411; a letter from, in testimony of the common use of deadly weapons by the Southrons, 500. Agusta (Ga.) Chronicle, The, extract from, 123; citation from. Death to the Abolitionist, 128; citation from, 347. Austin, Moses, 148. Austin, Stephen, F., 148; 150. Avery, William W., of N. C., 278; his resolves in the Democratic National Convention, 309-10; his speech there, 311; 318. Avis, camp. John, referred to in one of John Brown's letters, 296; hisAustin, Stephen, F., 148; 150. Avery, William W., of N. C., 278; his resolves in the Democratic National Convention, 309-10; his speech there, 311; 318. Avis, camp. John, referred to in one of John Brown's letters, 296; his treatment of old Brown, 289. Ayres, Capt., engaged at Blackburn's Ford, 539. B. Badger, George E., of N. C., wants liberty to take his old mammy to Kansas, 231; 2:32. Baker, Col. Edward D., 422; reinforces Col. Devens at Ball's Bluff, 622; his death, 623; orders from Gen. Stone to, 624. Bagby, Arthur P., of Ala., on Annexation, 174. Bailey, Godard, an account of his defalcations at Washington, 410-11. Baldwin, Roger S., of Conn., 397; 398; 404. Baldwin, Henry, of Pa.,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Austin, Stephen Fuller, (search)
Austin, Stephen Fuller, Colonist; born about 1790; son of Moses Austin, of Connecticut. who in 1820 received permission from the Mexican commander at Monterey to colonize 300 families in the province. Moses died June 10, 1821, and Stephen successfully carried out the scheme. The latter went to the city of Mexico in 1821. hom he seated where the city of Austin now is, the site selected by him for the capital of Texas. In March, 1833, a convention formed a State constitution, which Austin took to the central government of Mexico to obtain its ratification. There were delays; and he recommended a union of all the municipalities, and the organizatiompted, with a small force, to drive the Mexicans out of Texas. but failed. In November, 1835, Gen. Sam. Houston was chosen to command the little Texan army, and Austin was made commissioner to the United States. In July, 1836, he returned to Texas and was engaged in negotiations to obtain the official recognition of independenc
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Texas, (search)
ed. Only about 100 escaped. The Spaniards murdered 700 of the peaceable inhabitants of San Antonio. After the close of the War of 1812-15 Lafitte made Galveston Island his headquarters, established there a town named Campeachy, and remained there until 1821, when the settlement was broken up by United States forces. In 1819 the Sabine was established as the eastern boundary of Texas, but dissatisfaction caused disturbances to continue, and the territory was almost deserted. In 1820 Moses Austin, then living in Missouri, received from the Spanish authorities of Mexico a grant of land in Texas, and dying, his son, Stephen F., received a confirmation of the grant in 1823. Emigrants from the United States flocked into Texas. A thousand families were soon there. Spanish rule was harsh towards the American colonists, and they were so oppressed that, in 1833, they took the measures to obtain the independence of the State already described. The annexation of Texas to the United Stat
n proclaiming Texas to be a free and independent republic......June, 1819 First printing-office in Texas established at Nacogdoches by Mr. Bigelow......1819 Lafitte is taken into the service of the Republican party of Mexico and appointed governor of Galveston......1819 Lafitte is compelled to evacuate Galveston Island by Lieutenant Kearney of the United States brig Enterprise......1821 Stephen F. Austin leaves Natchitoches, June 10, and founds the colony for which his father, Moses Austin, received a grant from Mexico, on the Brazos River......July, 1821 He founds San Felipe de Austin as colonial town......1823 By decree of the constituent Mexican congress, Coahuila and Texas are united in one State......May 7, 1824 Constitution of the United Mexican States proclaimed......Oct. 4, 1824 Don Jose Antonio Saucedo appointed chief of the department of Texas, to reside at Bexar......Feb. 1, 1825 Henry Clay, United States Secretary of State, instructs the United