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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 58: conclusion. (search)
ed for the purpose; which we do not possess, and which there seems very little prospect of our obtaining. There is but one remedy for the evils under which we are resting, and that is, for the people to take the matter in hand and demand a Navy that will help put down rebellion at home at its first inception, and bid defiance to those abroad who would commit aggressions upon our commerce, or treat our citizens unjustly in any part of the world. Let us not forget that something akin to Barbary powers still exists, though in the garb of Christian civilization, and that they are not as limited in number as they were in 1804. They may have the strongest treaties binding them to us in terms of amity, but they are ever ready, like the Algerines of old, to take advantage of our weakness. We might naturally be supposed to have retained some bitter feelings against England and France on account of the unfriendliness they exhibited when we were passing through the greatest struggle of
William A. Smith, DD. President of Randolph-Macon College , and Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy., Lectures on the Philosophy and Practice of Slavery as exhibited in the Institution of Domestic Slavery in the United States: withe Duties of Masters to Slaves., Lecture VII: the institution of domestic slavery. (search)
ly sanguinary — often exterminating, as all wars amongst an ignorant and highly superstitious people have always been. To spare the life of an enemy in war, make him a prisoner, guard him as such, or make him labor as a slave for his support, is an a vance of civilization. To continue to put the enemy to death to the end of the war, is the necessary condition of a state of war in uncivilized life. Such was the known condition of all the African population south of Egypt and the States of Barbary. Did not their condition appeal, as it still does, to the benevolence of the civilized world? But what could they do? Send Christian missionaries? No. We, in this country, have succeeded,7 to some extent at least, in civilizing the savage tribes upon our border! But the Indians were not, like the Africans, idolatrous Pagans. Be this as it may, the competency of missionary enterprise to civilize and christianize Pagans, was, as it still is to any very material, extent, an untried exper
its teachers. Under its haughty sway, the energies of mind are bowed and broken, the spirit subdued and restrained in its search for sustenance, and literature and the sciences droop, languish, and die. This glorious Union is our world; while we maintain its integrity, all the nations of the earth, the lofty and the low, must recognize our supremacy, and pay us homage; disjointed, forming two or more fragmentary republics, we shall deserve and receive less consideration than the States of Barbary; and now that we are threatened with destruction, let us as one people, from the North and the South, the East and the West, rising above the narrow instincts of parties and associations, relume our lamps of liberty, as the vestals replenished their sacred fire, though not extinguished, from the rays of the morning sun. Let us renew our covenant, and swear upon the holy altars of our faith, to maintain and defend it and its glorious emblem, the Stars and Stripes, so replete with pleasing me
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 13: occupations in 1863; exchange of prisoners. (search)
bstantially in accordance with this recommendation. Now, while it may be conceded as a usage of civilized warfare, that prisoners of war necessarily supported by the capturing government may be employed by that government to labor upon public work, yet it has never been among nations making professions of Christianity, held that captives of war, either by land or sea, could be made slaves. And it will also be remembered, that the United States Government went to war with Tripoli and other Barbary powers in 1804, to force them at the cannon's mouth to repudiate this doctrine. It will be seen that the Confederate commissioner, however, has so far modified his claim, that officers in command of colored troops and free negroes, although both may be serving in company with slaves as soldiers in the army of the United States, are to be treated as prisoners of war, so that the question of difference between us now is not one of color, because it is admitted now that free black men of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ames, Fisher, 1758-1808 (search)
of good faith. It is painful — I hope it is superfluous — to make even the supposition that America should furnish the occasion of this opprobrium. No, let me not even imagine that a republican government, sprung, as our own is, from a people enlightened and uncorrupted, a government whose origin is right, and whose daily discipline is duty. can, upon solemn debate, make its option to be faithless — can dare to act what despots dare not avow, what our own example evinces, the states of Barbary are unsuspected of. No, let me rather make the supposition that Great Britain refuses to execute the treaty after we have done everything to carry it into effect. Is there any language of reproach pungent enough to express your commentary on the fact? What would you say, or, rather, what would you not say? Would you not tell them, wherever an Englishman might travel, shame would stick to him — he would disown his country? You would exclaim: England, proudly of your wealth and arrogant
the. A lathe in which the work is held by a socket or grasping device attached to the revolving mandrel of the head-stock. It is used for turning short work such as cups, spools, balls, and a great variety of ornamental and useful articles. See chuck. Churn. A vessel in which milk or cream is agitated to induce the separation of the oily globules from the other portions. The ancient mode of making butter was probably the same as practiced by the Bedouin Arabs and the Moors in Barbary at the present day. The cream is placed in a goat-skin and agitated by hand or by treading it with the feet. The butter and honey mentioned by Isaiah VII. 15, is to this day an article of food in the East. The butter and honey are mixed and the bread dipped in it. The word chamea, rendered butter in our translation of the Bible, seems to have referred to several forms of milk and its productions, such as sweet or sour milk, cream, thick milk, curd, or butter. The latter is perhaps t
observances; for the embalming of bodies was of this character, and was under the control of the priests. c is the knife as represented in the Egyptian hieroglyphics. d shows an old Egyptian butcher with his dismembering-knife, and his steel stuck into his belt. e f g are from Assyrian knives in the British Museum. In the Egyptian museum of the late Dr. Abbott, New York City, are several of the Egyptian knives of Ethiopic stone. The operation of circumcision is now performed in Barbary with an ordinary pair of scissors. The knives of ancient Egypt were usually of bronze, though blades of iron and steel were not unknown. Those of the latter metal have seldom, if ever, come down to our times, as they so readily rust and fall to pieces. They are, however, clearly distinguished from the bronze by being colored blue in the paintings of Byban el Molouk, the bronze being red or brown. Blue swords (steel) are shown in the paintings of Thebes. These old knives had tangs l
a staff. Mo-roc′co. A fancy leather tanned with sumach and dyed. Used for bookbinding, ladies' shoes, upholstering furniture, cushions, etc. The Saracens, on their expulsion from Spain, carried with them into Africa their art of preparing leather, and it is now named from the place to which the manufacture was then removed, — Morocco. True morocco leather is prepared from goat-skins, but sheep-skins are extensively used in the preparation of an inferior quality. The coast of Barbary yet yields a large supply of goat-skins for the morocco-leather manufacturers of France and England. For some centuries the principal supply was from the Levant, which still yields a large quantity of goat-skins and morocco leather. The operations in the manufacture of morocco are substantially similar to those through which hides for upper leather are passed. The unhairing, process is followed by treatment in a tumbling cylinder in which the hides are agitated and beaten to remove
the workman, traveling upon the seeds which are placed in the trough below. The oil procured from the bruised seeds by heat and pressure is added to vegetable oil and wax to the required consistence for candles. Oil-mills. Olive-mill of Barbary. A (Fig. 3382) illustrates a mill for crushing seeds preparatory to extracting the oil therefrom by pressure. The seeds are fed from the hopper a by a roller b, the amount being regulated by an adjustable plate, and pass between the crushinjustable bearings, so that the distance between them may be varied. The larger roller is driven by belt and pulley, and has a spurgear which moves the smaller one. B shows a mill, heater, and press combined. Fig. 3383 is the olive-mill of Barbary. Oil-of-brick. An empyreumatic oil used by lapidaries as a vehicle for emery, by which precious stones are sawn or cut. The brick is soaked in oil and subjected to distillation at a high temperature. Oil-paint′ing. The process of
ne or sulphuric acid in solution; wash in clean water, scented with rose or orange-flower water, and dry. Many varieties of sponge are found in warm seas, but that of commerce is almost exclusively derived from the Grecian Archipelago, Syria, Barbary, and the West Indies. The Syrian or Turkish, also known as toilet sponge, is most esteemed. Next in value, and closely resembling it, is that from the Grecian Archipelago. Coarser varieties, valuable on account of their firmness and tenacity, come from Greece and Barbary. That from the West Indies is harsher, coarser, and less durable than the Mediterranean kinds. On the Barbary coast sponge-fishing is most actively prosecuted during the months of December, January, and February; at other seasons the places where the sponges grow are overgrown with sea-weeds, which are swept away by the storms occurring in November and December. The summer fisheries are conducted in shallower water by divers or by wading; the produce is less
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