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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Floating batteries. (search)
resembling in figure the gunboats and rams used during the Civil War. At about the same time a plan of a The first American floating battery. floating battery submitted by Robert Fulton was approved by naval officers. It was in the form of a steamship of peculiar construction, that might move at the rate of 4 miles an hour, and furnished, in addition to its regular armament, with submarine guns. Her construction was ordered by Congress, and she was built at the ship-yard of Adam and Noah Brown, at Corlear's Hook, New York, under the supervision of Fulton. She was launched Oct. 29, 1814. Her machinery was tested in May following, and on July 4, 1815, she made a trial-trip of 53 miles to the ocean and back, going at the rate of 6 miles an hour. This vessel was called Fulton the First. She measured 145 feet on deck and 55 feet breadth of beam; drew only 8 feet of water; mounted thirty 32-pounder carronades, and two columbiads of 100 lbs. each. She was to be commanded by Capt